Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№1 (134) 2019
2019 г.
Педагогические науки
Holistic approach to education: modern vision
The article gives reasons for the lack of demand for a holistic approach, the key approach to the methodology of pedagogy, with all its fundamentality and the availability of a sufficient theoretical base created by leading researchers in pedagogy since 1970s to the present. The author claims such approach to be relevant due to the necessity of its application to new theoretical developments and the demand of modern practice for the development of personality, individuality and subjectivity.
Key words: целостный подход; категории педагогики; тип педагогического процесса; общепедагогические технологии; holistic approach; pedagogy categories; type of pedagogical process; general pedagogical technologies
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John Dewey's contribution to understanding the concept and professional training of a new teacher
The article looks upon the pedagogical heritage of the American teacher John Dewey (1859-1952), who received the title of“the teacher of teachers” in his lifetime, which remains relevant in modern philosophical and pedagogical discourse. The author highlights the huge impact of Dewey's ideas on education in many parts of the world. The content of the materials of the Chicago Archive, namely the course “History of Pedagogy”, the notes on the organization of a problem lecture and the concept oftraining ofthe teacher-researcher are analyzed.
Key words: педагогическое наследие Джона Дьюи; «учитель учителей»; инновационный подход к подготовке учителя; учитель-исследователь; отношение теории к практике; лабораторный подход к практике; John Dewey’s pedagogical heritage; “the teacher of teachers”; innovative approach to teacher training; teacher as researcher; relation oftheory to practice; laboratory approach to practice
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The activities of the counselorin the conditions of the upbringing environment of the children's recreation camp
The article presents the analysis ofthe content ofthe concept of“upbringing environment” and substantiates the expediency ofits creation in the conditions of a children's recreation camp. Based on the analysis ofthe content ofthe“Specialist in the field of education” professional standard, the three types of the counselor activities united by the idea of leadership in the children's team are summarized and systematized, namely the activities of the counselor in the children's recreation camp, the activities ofthe senior counselor and the activities of the counselor of the children's public organization.
Key words: оспитывающая среда; детский оздоровительный лагерь; виды деятельности и функции вожатого; upbringing environment; children's camp; activities and functions of the counselor
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Professional and personal self-development of the prospective teacher as a condition for creating an educational environment in the summer camp
The article highlights educational significance of summer recreation camps. The role of the prospective teachers' professional and personal self-development in the creation of an educative environment in the conditions of the summer camp is revealed. The author demonstrates the influence of the components of the counselors’ professional and personal self-development on the elements of the educational environment of the summer camp. The results of a survey ofstudent counselors are presented showing the stimulating influence of summer camp teaching practice on professional and personal self-development.
Key words: оздоровительный лагерь; воспитывающая среда; профессионально-личностное саморазвитие будущего учителя; recreation camp; upbringing environment; professional and personal self-development of the prospective teacher
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Specifities of teaching German in the museum of local history
The article explores the usefulness of a local history museum for learning a foreign language, in particular, German. It covers methodological and didactic prerequisites for studying and related practical lessons, as well as the peculiarities of studying at the museum
Key words: музей; краеведение; культура; расширение словарного запаса; языковая подготовка; аудирование; чтение; museum; local history; culture; vocabulary expansion; language training; listening; reading
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Training models for prospective teachers in Germany
The article provides a structural insight into academic education of future teachers, taking into account the differences between regional self-determination and national harmonization. The author considers the educational reform in teacher training using the example of the University of Cologne. Controversial points of view on teacher training are given.
Key words: подготовка учителей; образовательные стандарты; конференция министров образования федеральных земель Германии; компетенции; нехватка учителей; teacher training; educational standards; conference of ministers of education of the federal states of Germany; competences; lack of teachers
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Patriotic education by means of vocal art in the PRC
The article presents patriotic education by means ofvocal art in the People's Republic of China at the current stage. The author gives an analysis of the works of Chinese teachers who explore the pedagogical potential of vocal performance for solving the problem of the patriotic education ofmodern youth. The research results by domestic scientists on the role of vocal art in teaching the students of the new millennium to be patriots are thus complemented.
Key words: патриотическое воспитание; вокальное искусство; вокальный коллектив; песенный репертуар; концертная деятельность; patriotic education; vocal art; vocal group; song repertoire; concert activity
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The problem of the readiness of preschool teachers to non-directive interaction with parents in the framework of the educational process
The article presents an analysis of the concept of “non-directive interaction”. The principles of interaction between the pre-school educational institutions and the family in the context of a non-directive approach are considered. The author determines the measure of awareness of preschool teachers in the matter of non-directive interaction, as well as their readiness for this form of interaction with parents. An example of the use of mobile applications to create a trusting relationship between the teacher and parents is given.
Key words: недерективные формы взаимодействия; семейное воспитание; дошкольное учреждение; non-reactive forms of interaction; family education; preschool institution
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Constructor website for educational documentation:implementation of the principles of organizational and technological priority in the electronic information and educational environment
The article analyses the concept, purpose and structure of the electronic information and educational environment ofthe university. The authors consider the principles of the priority development of the organizational and technological components of the electronic information and educational environment, as well as the possibility ofimplementing these principles through the creation ofa social educational network and instrumental platforms functioning on its basis. The features of ensuring technological priority are described through the creation ofa constructor website of educational documentation as an instrumental resource of a social educational network.
Key words: электронная информационно-образовательная среда; социальная образовательная сеть; сайт-конструктор; инструментальный ресурс; учебная документация; electronic information and educational environment; socialeducational network; constructor website; tool resource; educational documentation
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On the issue of training of counselors in modern Donbass
The article looks upon training of school summer camp counselors as a relevant issue for modern Donbass. Preserving the traditions ofthe training of school camp counselors in the conditions ofa military conflict is regarded as important for all participants ofthe summer health campaign. The author points out that counselorsshould come to school camps prepared well enough to make the summer camp session bright and memorable for children. The process of counselor training in Gorlovka Institute ofForeign Languages, Donetsk People's Republic, is explored.
Key words: детский оздоровительный лагерь; вожатый; школа вожатского мастерства; children's recreation camp; counselor training; school of leader skills
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The development of a mentoring system in the professional education of teacher students
The article reveals the concepts ofupbringing and professional education of teacher students, as well as the tasks that have to be achieved. The author substantiates the importance ofthe development of mentoring in the professional upbringing of teacher students, proposing the main directions of such activities for further study. The experience of the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University in the implementation ofextracurricular projects related to the development of mentoring is described. The conclusion is made about the future prospects of the development of mentoring in professional education.
Key words: профессиональное воспитание; наставничество; студенты - будущие педагоги; professional education; mentoring; teacher students
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Training prospective teachers for the implementation of educational activities in preschool educational institutions by means of Children's Literature as an academic subject
The article explores the educational potential of Children's Literature as a school subject, as well as peculiarities of perception offiction by preschoolers. The role of Children's Literature in training prospective teachers for the implementation of educational activities in a preschool educational institution is revealed.
Key words: детская литература; воспитательный потенциал детской литературы; дошкольное образовательное учреждение; дети дошкольного возраста; педагоги дошкольного образования; children's literature; educational potential of children's literature; pre-school educational institution; children of pre-school age; teachers of pre-school education
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Training prospective teachers for teaching children with special educational needs in the conditions of additional professional education
The article describes the experience ofthe Mordovia State Pedagogical Institute in the implementation of additional professional education of students of secondary vocational and higher education. The author analyses the aspect of forming the teacher students’ readiness for professional activities in the field of inclusive education and training of children with special educational needs.
Key words: подготовка педагогических кадров; педагогическое образование; среднее профессиональное образование; высшее образование; дополнительное профессиональное образование; обучающиеся с особыми образовательными потребностями; teacher training; pedagogical education; secondary vocational education; higher education; additional vocational education; students with special educational needs
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Theoretical foundations of personnel training for the implementation of additional education of children by means of art in the conditions of the region
The article reveals the relevance of personnel training for the implementation of additional education of children by means of art in the conditions of the region. The author defines the theoretical foundations of this process.
Key words: подготовка кадров; дополнительное образование; teacher training; additional education
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Experience in the formation of intercultural competence in the process of learning Russian as a foreign language
The article describes the experience of the formation of intercultural competence in the process of learning Russian as a foreign language at the Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University. The authors determine the place of intercultural communication in the system of communicative competence formation. The types and forms of work of teachers of Russian as a foreign language are considered.
Key words: межкультурная компетенция; русский язык как иностранный; региональный компонент; культурный шок; intercultural competence; Russian as a foreign language; regional component; cultural shock
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Tolerance as an object of modern interdisciplinary humanitarian studies
The article reveals the essence of the concept of tolerance as a culturally significant term and subject of research in modern humanitarian studies, including linguistics. The author points out the main aspects of the study of tolerance in linguistics, including the definition of this term, the delimitation of related concepts, the categorical nature of this concept, the opposition “tolerance - intolerance”, as well as the phenomenon oflanguage tolerance and its verbal representation.
Key words: толерантность; нетолерантность; терпимость; терпение; категория; коммуникация; конфликт; tolerance; intolerance; patience; category; communication; conflict
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The organization of network interaction of educational institutions in additional environmental education and training
The article considers the experience ofthe organization of network interaction in education. The authors present a model of network regional interaction during the implementation of additional environmental education and social upbringing of students.
Key words: организация сетевого взаимодействия; organization of network interaction; additional environmental education and training; дополнительное экологическое образование
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An empirical study on the problem of professional and personal readiness of teacher-practitioners for the implementation of the federal state educational standardsof preschool education and its results
The article reveals the relevance of the study ofthe improvement and modernization of the system of teacher training for the implementation of the federal state educational standard of preschool education. The authors highlight the importance for modern teachers to search for new educational practice-oriented psychological and pedagogical technologies and acquire professional competences in the field of pre-school education with children of different levels of development.
Key words: federal state educational standard of preschool education; professional and personal readiness; professional competences; approaches to professional readiness
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The content of learning foreign languages in the context of the implementation of the federal state educational standard
The article presents an interpretative analysis ofthe “content of teaching foreign languages” categoryin the works of Russian methodologists. The authors give a description of its component composition, including the implementation of the new generation ofstandards.
Key words: одержание обучения иностранным языкам; федеральные государственные образовательные стандарты второго поколения (ФГОС); универсальные учебные действия (УУД); предметный и процессуально-деятельностный аспекты содержания обучения иностранным языкам; foreign language teaching; federal state educational standards of the second generation; universal learning activities; the subject and procedural activity orientated aspects of the teaching of foreign languages
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On some conditions for the successful delivery of the unified state exam in a foreign language
The article gives a detailed account of the specificity of the unified state exam (USE) in a foreign language. The authors claim that the peculiarity of USE lies in the fact that all tasks simultaneously check the level of acquisition of certain types of speaking skills and the vocabulary of the examinee. It is claimed that for the successful implementation of USE tasks it is necessary to have a high level of formation of communicative skills and abilities and a rich vocabulary which requires serious and systematic training.
Key words: ЕГЭ по иностранному языку; активный словарь; вокабуляр; решение коммуникативной задачи; письменное высказывание; unified state examin a foreign language; vocabulary; solution of a communicative problem; written statement
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The technology of using the service biathlon training system as an effective mechanism for enhancing the professional level of internal affairs officers
The article presents the analysis of the technologies of professional training of employees of the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation depending on the set of mechanisms used to improve the level of physical and fire training, including the skills of competent use of weapons, high psychological stability and an increased level of development of physical abilities.
Key words: огневая подготовка; физическая подготовка; психологическая подготовка; служебный биатлон; тренировочный процесс; оружие; стрелок; fire training; physical training; psychological training; service biathlon; training process; weapon; shooter
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Specificities of constructing information and competence problems in the process of teaching mathematics to future process engineers
The article explores the possibility of using case studies presented in the form of information and skill-based tasks in teaching mathematics to future process engineers. The author claims that solving the given problem helps to form the ability to analyze and evaluate the processes and phenomena that constitute the chemical and technological process.
Key words: инженерное образование; кейс-технология; математическое моделирование; химико-технологический процесс; информационно-компетентностные задачи; engineering education; case technology; mathematical modeling; chemical and technological process; information and skill-based tasks
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Formation of mediative competence
The article describes the current state of mediation in education. The author considers the concept of mediative competence as one of the methods of constructive resolution of disputes and conflict management in the field of education. The knowledge and skills that a teacher should possess in order to carry out mediative activities in the pedagogical process are specified.
Key words: медиация; медиативная компетентность; будущий педагог; конфликт; mediation; mediative competence; future teacher; conflict management
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Learning to use motion verbs in various styles of speech
The article describes movement verbs as units of learning and their implementation in textbooks and teaching aids for teaching Russian as a foreign language according to the conditions and stage of study. The author observes that using motion verbs in various styles causes difficulties for foreign students. On the basis of the identified specificities of the verbs of movement in functional styles, systems of exercises that help facilitate the assimilation of their use are presented.
Key words: этап обучения; функциональные стили; глаголы движения; преподавание РКИ; упражнения; задания; learning stage; functional styles; verbs of movement; teaching Russian as a foreign language; exercises; tasks
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Филологические науки
Linguistics of Emotions as Science of the Future
The article presents the analysis of the modern stage of development oflinguistics of emotions and Professor V. I. Shakhovsky’s scientific contribution to this field of knowledge. It is noted that, from its inception to date, emotions in science have been looked upon as a cognitively complicated object of research, and emotiology has been considered to be an area of research closely related to the solution of
Key words: эмоция; эмотиология; волгоградская школа лингвистики эмоций; приоритетное направление; новые достижения; перспективы развития; будущее эмотиологии; emotion; emotiology; Volgograd school of linguistics of emotions; priority direction; new achievements; development prospects; future of emotiology
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Emotivity as a method of entering the space of interpersonal communication
The article deals with emotivity as a universal method designed to guide and correct the speech interaction of interlocutors seeking to achieve the effectiveness of interpersonal communication. The effectiveness of the methodological orientation of emotivity is illustrated by examples from artistic communication (literature, painting, music).
Key words: эмотивность; актуальные и виртуальные эмотивы; индивидуальная информационная система (ИИС); индивидуальная концептуальная система (ИКС); невербальные и вербальные компоненты; коммуникативно-эмоциональная личность (КЭЛ); обыденная vs художественная коммуникация; emotiveness; actual and virtual emotions; individual information system; individual conceptual system; non-verbal and verbal components; communicative emotional personality; ordinary vs. artistic communication
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Emotive syntax: typology of phraseological syntactic models
The article deals with the nature of phraseologization in syntax as applied to emotive syntactic models of the Russian language. The author proposes to apply the principles of classification of lexical phraseological units, highlighted by V.V. Vinogradov, to syntactic phraseological constructions and, accordingly, to distinguish syntactic phraseological fusions, syntactic phraseological units and syntactic phraseological combinations.
Key words: эмотивный синтаксис; фразеологизация; синтаксическая фразеология; синтаксическая модель; синтаксические фразеологические сращения; синтаксические фразеологические единства; синтаксические фразеологические сочетания; emotive syntax; phraseologization; syntactic phraseology; syntactic model; syntactic phraseological fusions; syntactic phraseological units; syntactic phraseological combinations
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Theory of Emotions as an Interdisciplinary Concept for the Study of Speech Process
The article considers the theory of emotions from the perspective of psychology, neurophysiology and linguistics. The author substantiates the idea of the theory of emotions as one of the constituent parts of the interdisciplinary concept of speech process.
Key words: речевая деятельность; теория эмоций; междисциплинарность; speech process; theory of emotions; interdisciplinarity
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Cognitive activity of the reader as a condition for successful interpretation
The article looks upon interpretation as a purposefulcognitive activity placing emphasison the significance of interpretation in the modern scientific paradigm. The author points out the conditions for the successful interpretation of a literary text, including the cognitive activity of the interpreter, semantic increments of the artistic word and specific features of the artistic reproduction of emotions.
Key words: диалогизм; интерпретация; интенциональность; когнитивная деятельность; когнитивная активность; имплицитные смыслы; эмотивная семантика; dialogism; interpretation; intentionality; cognitive activity; cognitive activity; implicit meanings; emotive semantics
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Functional features of pauses in foreign language speech, implemented in a state of emotional stress (experimental study)
The article presents the research results of an experimental study aimed at identifying vegetative and linguistic correlates in unprepared dialogical speech of students in a foreign language. The types of pauses are considered (a pause revealing the meaning, a false repetition pause, a correcting repetition pause), implemented in a state of emotional stress. Their structural, semantic and functional features are analyzed.
Key words: эмоциональное напряжение; пауза; диалог; иностранный язык; emotional stress; pause; dialogue; foreign language
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Mediastilistics and emotive linguistics
The article raises the problem of language digitalization. The author identifies the reasons for the transformation of the modern literary language and describes the key moments in the history of the digital age affecting the modern literary language. The problem of the place and role of emotive linguistics in Internet communication is considered.
Key words: язык; дигитализация; медийный язык; медиакультура; медиастилистика; language; digitalization; media language; media culture; mediastyle
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Communicative risks of using emotiogenic headlines in Russian media political discourse
The article explores the news format based on the technology of ridicule used in modern Russian media political discourse. The author presents the results of the news analysis carried out with the psycholinguistic theory of dominant scenarios to identify ways and means of emotional and speech impact on the target audience. As a result of the research, the communicative risks of using emotiogenic media texts were determined.
Key words: новостной медиаполитический дискурс; коммуникация; доминантные сценарии; речевое воздействие; эмоциогенность; news media political discourse; communication; dominant scenarios; speech influence; emotiogenicity
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The communicative category of destructiveness: the interdiscursive aspect
The article considers the ways the communicative category of destructiveness is implemented in personal and institutional discourses. The author analyses the destructive strategies and tactics in various types of discourse. It is concluded that the communicative category of destructiveness is interdiscursive in its essence and manifests itself most clearly in peripheral discursive genres.
Key words: коммуникативная категория; деструктивность; дискурс; интердискурсивность; жанр; communicative category; destructiveness; discourse; interdiscursiveness; genre
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Selfie as emotive performative practice in network communications
The article explores the communicative and functional status of the selfie discourse as a performative phenomenon which is viewed as a semiotic object with a set of performative properties implemented in network communications with certain pragmatic attitudes to social self-presentation.
Key words: аутопрезентация; дигитальная коммуникация; селфи-дискурс; инфосфера; перформативность; самопрезентация; самопредъявление; самоподача; сетевое общество; self presentation; digital communication; selfie discourse; infosphere; performativity; network society
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Positive communicator: key features and typical behaviour
The paper is part of a broader research aimed at the study of constituent features and mechanisms of positive communication. Its goal is to create a verbal portrait of a positive communicator in the Russian sociocultural context and to outline the peculiarities of positive human interaction. The research shows that the key features ascribed to a positive communicator by respondents of a survey carried out in the process of investigation are optimism, empathy, activism, leadership, ingenuity, inner harmony and intellect.
Key words: позитивная коммуникация; конститутивные признаки; дихотомии; позитивная личность; конгруэнтность; positive communication; constituent features; dichotomies; positive personality; congruency
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Positive communication in social networks: development trends
The article deals with the issues of emotive linguoecology as applied to the communicative space of social networks. The authors examine the examples of text messages characterized by a positive tone appearing on the general background of negative content in social networks, which can be perceived as a definite tendency to restore the emotional-ecological balance in the virtual communication of Internet users. Positive communication is postulated as a significant component of the harmonization of a person’s physical and spiritual health and as a condition for the betterment of the nation as a whole.
Key words: эмотивная лингвоэкология; виртуальная коммуникация; научающая коммуникация; митигация; коммуникативное пространство; позитивное общение; emotive lingvoecology; virtual communication; teaching communication; mitigation; communicative space; positive communication
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The images of grievance in Russian lexis and phraseology
The article considers the reflection of the concept of grievance in the Russian language picture of the world. The authors explore the ways of conceptualizing emotions in vocabulary and phraseology. A semantic analysis of the main forms of the lexeme “grievance” is carried out. The ways of the naive understanding of the concept of grievance are described.
Key words: эмоции; обида; лексика; фразеология; семантика; emotions; grievance; vocabulary; phraseology; semantics
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The semantics of the word "pity"
The article presents the semantic analysis of the word “pity”. It is shown that, in addition to the traditionally distinguished value of prototypical pity denoted by the lexeme “pity”, there exists another meaning of the lexeme under study. The author claims that “pity” denotes a complex feeling in which there are elements of a condescending or contemptuous attitude towards shortcomings, limitations, etc. of the object to which the subject experiences this feeling.
Key words: семантика; лексикология; полисемия; предикаты эмоционального отношения; semantics; lexicology; polysemy; predicates of an emotional relationship
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Proper name as an emotive phenomenon
The article deals with the theory of emotivity developed by V. I. Shakhovsky which is applied to the analysis of Russian anthroponyms. The author shows that proper names are able to connote acquiring additional expressive and evaluative meanings. The author specifies that personal names have three forms: full (official), short (used by family members) and diminutive-augmentative or meliorative-pejorative. It is claimed that V. I. Shakhovsky’s method can be applied to the analysis of other types of proper names (toponyms, ergonyms, etc.).
Key words: оним; коннотация; эмотив; эмосема; дериват; краткое имя; мелиоратив; пейоратив; proper name; onym; connotation; emotive; ecosystem; derivative; short name; ameliorative; pejorative
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Linguistic necrophilia in modern Russian public discourse
The article considers a variety of speech aggression which is not reflected in the definitions of this phenomenon proposed by different authors. The author proves there is a kind of speech aggression which represents an extreme case of negative emotionality and is characterized by hatred of the object of evaluation and the desire to destroy it. To denote this phenomenon, the term "linguistic necrophilia" is proposed.
Key words: речевая / языковая агрессия; экстремальная негативная эмоциональность; лингвонекрофилия; speech aggression; extreme negative emotionality; linguistic necrophilia
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Empathy as a linguo-ecological factor in the medical profession
The article looks upon the doctor’s need for empathy as a linguistic and ecological factor in the relationship "doctor ↔ patient". The author considers the problem of establishing the required psychological contact with the patient by the doctor as well as building the most acceptable relationship with him on the basis of clinical and linguoecological aspects of activity, which is confirmed by the results of patient interviewing and linguistic analysis of television programs.
Key words: эмпатия врача; толерантность; эмотивная лингвоэкология; коммуникативное пространство «врач ↔ пациент»; терапевтический эффект; коммуникация «врач ↔ пациент»; doctor's empathy; tolerance; emotive linguoecology; doctor-patient patient communication space; therapeutic effect; doctor-patient communication
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Language policy of France in the aspect of linguoecology
The article analyses the France’s language policy which has recently acquired a new object for language regulation, namely the migration crisis. In the conditions of a changing situation in the world and against the background of growing discontent of the country, the French authorities are forced to introduce via mass communication the new eco-friendly units of the lexicon associated with the life of immigrants.
Key words: глобализация; языковая политика; экология языка; креатема; иммигранты; globalization; language policy; language ecology; converted language unit; immigrants
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Meanings of the “dream” in Russian poetry of the end of the XVIII - the first third of the XIX
The article deals with Russian sentimentalism. The author looks upon the poetic “dream” which at first leads away from the illusory earthly life, but, having received cognitive functions, returns to life again. The author claims the idea of the flight of the “dream” in romanticism connects the poet with other national poetic chronotopes. The same logic is used in Anacreonticswhere the poet realizes the “native” nature as a national spiritual “soil”. Departure from life and inclusion into it suggest each other.
Key words: мечта; поэзия; бегство от мира; самообман; познание; родовое гнездо; национальная почва; dream; poetry; flight from the world; self-deception; cognition; ancestral home; national spirituality
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Reflection of the situation of "crime and punishment" in the story "Calf" by B.P. Ekimov
The article presents the analysis of the material of the story"Calf" by B.P. Ekimov. The author considers the attitude of adults and children to the violation of moral standards of life and overcoming sin as a path to divine unity.
Key words: преступление; наказание; образ ребенка; символика; crime; punishment; image of a child; symbolism
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The topology of the fictional space in "Bakluzhinsky cycle” by E. Lukin
The article explores the topology of the fictional Suslovsky region, the key assumption of the “Baklyuzhinsky Cycle” by E. Lukin, a science fiction writer from Volgograd. In the process of studying geographic images, the author tracesa tendency towards their neomythologization. It is concluded that the chronotope of a literaty work is subordinated to the goals of satire.
Key words: пространство; топос; Лукин; мифологизация; Баклужинский цикл; space; literary topos; Lukin; mythologization; Bakluzhinsky Cycle
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Исторические науки и археология
The Jewish Settlement in the Don Land and their integration into the business elite of the city of Rostov-on-Don in the 19th century
The article explores the circumstances that led to the settlement of the Jewish people in the Province of the Don Cossack Host. The author explains the reasons for their high business activity and success in the field of entrepreneurship. Special attention is paid to the mental and spiritual foundations of the Jewish nation which have made it the most entrepreneurial people on earth.
Key words: евреи; менталитет; предпринимательство; деловая элита; Область Войска Донского; деловой мир России; Jews; mentality; entrepreneurship; business elite; Don Cossack Host; business world of Russia
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Travelling and its glorification in the student subculture of the Trans-Urals of the middle of the XIX - beginning of the XX centuries
The article presents the analysis of children's passion for travel based on the materials from the Trans-Urals of the middle of the XIX - early XX centuries. The author shows that lack of schools, which led to the students’ regular long-distance trips, as well as reading adventure literature, aroused students’ keen interest in travel, broadened their mind and liberated their consciousness. On the other hand, it is pointed out that one-sided emancipation provoked deviant offenses.
Key words: впечатление; литература; подросток; путешествие; приключение; ученик; школа; impression; literature; teenager; travel; adventure; student; school
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“The food issue” in the system of priorities solved by the provincial administration and city self-government during the First World War (illustrated by the case of the Astrakhan province)
The article explores the joint work of the provincial administration and city government of Astrakhan during the First World War and the extreme difficulties the two governing bodies faced due to their opposing political views. A number of episodes of their joint work to solve the "food issue" are analysed. The conclusion is made about the lack of coherence in the work of the provincial authorities and city self-government, despite a number of successful outcomes in the city authorities’ combating the food crisis.
Key words: Первая мировая война; Астраханская губерния; губернская администрация; городское общественное управление; И.Н. Соколовский; П.С. Кравченко; World War I; Astrakhan Province; provincial administration; city public administration; I. N. Sokolovsky; P. S. Kravchenko
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Orthodoxy in the structure of the religious landscape of modern Volgograd
The article considers the organizations of modern Orthodoxy, represented in the religious landscape of modern Volgograd. The author analyses the degree of influence of different Orthodox currents on the social and religious life of the city. Their development prospects are forecasted.
Key words: православные организации; Русская православная церковь; старообрядчество; Российская православная автономная церковь; Православная церковь Божией Матери Державной; Orthodox organizations; Russian Orthodox Church; Old Believers; Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church; Orthodox Church of the Reigning Icon of the Mother of God
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Хроника и рецензии
Научный подвиг русского немца: к 90-летию избрания Макса Фасмера иностранным членом-корреспондентом АН СССР, 60-летию выхода в свет его «Этимологического словаря русского языка» на немецком языке и 45-летию публикации русского перевода, осуществленного О.Н. Трубачёвым
Key words:
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