Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№6 (81) 2013
2013 г.
The modern theory of language
Linguistic expression of optimism/ pessimism in the light of “locus of control”
There are found out the most important peculiarities of linguistic expression of optimism and pessimism in the light of a famous theory of “locus of control”. There is substantiated the methodology of determination of optimistic/pessimistic character of expression.
Key words: оптимизм; пессимизм; персонализация; локус контроля; глаголы; optimism; pessimism; personalization; locus of control; verbs
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Functional and semantic scope of a ritual space: to the issue of definitions
There are considered the notions that are often confused – ritual, rite, custom, ceremony, tradition – and determined their functional and semantic scope.
Key words: ритуал; обряд; церемония; обычай; традиция; ritual; rite; ceremony; custom; tradition
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Epimone: linguistic status, ways of formation and functioning peculiarities in the texts of Russian commercial advertisement
There are given the results of investigation of one of the most frequent rhetoric figures in the texts of Russian commercial advertisement – epimone. There are compared the definitions of the figure suggested in the domestic and foreign linguistics, found out their advantages and disadvantages.
Key words: аргумент ad nauseam; подмена тезиса; реклама; риторические фигуры; семантический повтор; эпимона; argument ad nauseam; substitution of thesis; advertisement; rhetoric figures; semantic repetition; epimone
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Evaluation as the property of terminology of the criminal law
There is considered the phenomenon of evaluation of criminal law terms as one of the properties of the juridical terminology system as a whole. By the example of a number of the Old Russian terminology elements and the groups of the modern terminological units there is described the objective necessity of the connotative element in the structure of the juridical terminology notions of the criminal law.
Key words: юридический термин; свойства термина; оценочность; терминосистема; juridical term; properties of a term; evaluation; terminology system
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Cognitive linguistics and discourse
The act of making and accomplishing a decision in the discourse of the social sphere
There is attempted to show the specific character of the act of making and accomplishing a decision in the discourse of the social sphere on the basis of the dichotomy of the signs “personality / institutionalism”. There is manifested the dominance of personality in the analyzed type of the discourse. There is illustrated the variety of the linguistic component of personality expressed by discursive formulas.
Key words: дискурс; социальная сфера; персональность; институциональность; доминантность; дискурсивные формулы; discourse; social sphere; personality; institutionalism; dominance; discursive formulas
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Linguo-cultural script “at the restaurant” in the English communicative behavior
There is considered the linguo-cultural script understood as an evaluative structured behavioral model. There is analyzed the communicative event “at the restaurant” in modern England. The model includes a logical scheme, a description of the event, its intentions consequence, a commentary of its participants behavioral norms.
Key words: коммуникативное событие; скрипт; концепт; речевой акт; коммуникативное поведение; communicative event; script; concept; speech act; communicative behavior
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Neologisms in the sports discourse: gender aspect
There are considered the gender peculiarities in the neologisms of the sports discourse. There is shown that sports neologisms reflect socially constructed system of inequality with the “masculine” prevailing. Meanwhile there is noted that the amount of gendermarked vocabulary is not that great in the whole scope of sports neologisms, which proves the aspiration of sport to equality and unity.
Key words: спортивный дискурс; неологизм; гендерный аспект; sports discourse; neologism; gender aspect
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Logical and syntactic ambiguity in the speech of a sports commentator
There are described the most frequent types of violation of logical and syntactic clarity in the speech of modern TV sports commentators.
Key words: спортивный комментарий; логико-синтаксическая ясность; логические ошибки; sports commentator; logical and syntactic clarity; logical mistakes
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Comparative-historical, typological and comparative linguistics
Internet-memes as the means of intercultural communication
There are described the Internet-memes that actively function on the Internet and are widely used as the means of intercultural communication. Internet-memes are considered as a special variety of precedent phenomena that have a cultural connotation. The possibilities of identification of speech genres that include Internet-memes are determined by the coincidence of the elements of the cultural store of the communicants, commonness of presuppositions.
Key words: интернет-коммуникация; интернет-мем; прецедентный феномен; комические речевые жанры; межкультурная коммуникация; культурные коннотации; Internet-communication; Internetmeme; precedent phenomenon; comic speech genres; intercultural communication; cultural connotations
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Issue of quality assessment of oral consecutive interpretation
There is considered one of the most debatable issues of the modern translation theory – quality assessment of interpretation that reflects a wide spectrum of research in the given sphere: starting from interpreter’s mistake investigated from the positions of ortology, deviatology, erratology, to the harmonious interpretation solution as the criterion of high-quality interpretation.
Key words: оценка качества перевода; эрратология; переводческая ошибка; гармония; устный последовательный перевод; переводческое пространство; assessment of interpretatuion quality; erratology; interpreter’s mistake; harmony; oral consecutive interpretation; interpretation space
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Peculiarities of functioning and translation into the Church Slavonic language of the infinitive constructions in the New Testament
There is described the functioning of the infinitive constructions in the New Testament. There is analyzed the text of the Greek original and the Church Slavonic translation of the Bible, researched the methods of translation of the infinitive constructions into the Church Slavonic language.
Key words: новозаветный греческий язык; церковнославянский язык; Новый Завет; церковнославянский перевод Библии; инфинитивные конструкции; the New Testament Greek language; the Church Slavonic language; the New Testament; the Church Slavonic translation of the Bible; infinitive constructions
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Pragmatic aspect of the interpretation of personal pronouns in the Ingush language
There is considered the core component of personal pronouns of the Ingush language interpreted from the point of pragmatics integrated into semantics.
Key words: когнитивное маркирование; «лицо говорящее»; «лицо произносящее»; локуторы; постулированность/приобретенность; семантический аспект; cognitive marking; “person speaking”; “person pronouncing”; locutors; postulating / obtaining; semantic aspect
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Anthroponomical space of the novels by I. Bazorkin “From the Darkness of Ages” and A. Bokov “Sons of Beka”
There is characterized the structure of the onomastic space and functioning of anthroponyms in the novels by I. Bazorkin “From the Darkness of Ages” and A. Bokov “Sons of Beka”.
Key words: антропонимическое пространство; литературная антропонимия; имя собственное; anthroponomical space; literary anthroponomy; proper noun
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The problems of intertextuality
Intertextuality: category apparatus and typology
There is specified the conceptual apparatus, analyzed the disputable issues of the theory of intertext, revealed the parameters of dividing the category of intertextuality and its main types.
Key words: интертекст; прецедентный текст; контекст; гипертекст; фигура; intertext; precedent text; context; hypertext; figure
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New era of intertextuality: globalization of intertext connections in the age of the Internet
There is considered a number of manifestations of the category of intertextuality on the Internet: formation of the global intertext continuum, quick growth of the level of text openness, dialogic interchanges of the texts by the scheme “stimulus – reaction”. There are analyzed various interpretations of the term “hypertext”, characterized the electronic hypertext as the immanent property of the Internet environment.
Key words: интертекстуальность; гипертекстуальность; интернет-коммуникация; электронный гипертекст; межтекстовые связи; диалогическая перекличка текстов; intertextuality; hypertextuality; Internet communication; electronic hypertext; intertext connections; dialogic interchange of the text
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Figures of intertext in publicism: newspaper text vs source text, expression vs standard
The category of intertextuality is researched on the basis of the modern Russian newspaper publicism. There is revealed the linguocreative potential of the method of the use of fragments of precedent texts, described the types of semantic connection of the borrowing text and the source text. There are shown the paradoxical peculiarities of the intertextual interaction connected with the use of intertext figures as the elocutive constants of the publicistic discourse.
Key words: газетный текст; фигуры интертекста; прецедентный текст; публицистика; элокуция; newspaper text; figures of intertext; precedent text; publicism; elocution
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Peculiarities of functioning of precedenttexts in Russian personal letters of the XIX-XX centuries
There are analyzed the peculiarities of precedent texts in personal letters of the Russian classical authors: sources, methods of inclusion of a precedent text into the letter and functions realized by the means of these methods. There are found out similar characteristics and differences in the use of precedent units in epistolary texts of different authors.
Key words: идиостиль; разговорная речь; прецедентный текст; фигура интертекста; эпистолярный текст; idiostyle; spoken language; precedent text; figure of intertext; epistolary text
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Use of appellative units in the function of semantic and stylistic synonyms
Research of appellative units in the functional aspect made it possible to state that they can be semantic and stylistic synonyms in relation to the dominant of a synonymic row; meanwhile they fulfil two functions– style organization of a text and differentiating. Most of such units are created with the help of intertextually marked pronomination based on rethinking of poetonym or mythonym.
Key words: апеллятивизация; прономинация; интертекстуальность; имя собственное; имя нарицательное; семантика; номинация; синоним; appellativization; pronomination; intertextuality; proper noun; common noun; semantics; nomination; synonym
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Problems of Russian Studies
Don Cossack linguistic culture in the works by B.P. Yekimov: for the writer’s anniversary
There is considered the reflection in the creative work of a modern Russian writer B.P. Yekimov of the peculiarities of the linguistic culture of Don Cossacks. There are analyzed the text fragments (textemes) full of linguistic cultural contents, reflecting the urgent significant for dialect native speakers notions about the reality. There is characterized the role of B.P. Yekimov’s creative work in the development of the dialect lexicography.
Key words: произведения Б.П. Екимова; лингвокультура; донской казачий диалект; текстема; объемный неделимый контекст; жизненные ценности; works by B.P. Yekimov; linguistic culture; Don Cossack dialect; texteme; big indivisible text; life values
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About metaphorization of spatial vocabulary in a sentence structure
There is considered the process of metaphorization of spatial vocabulary. Special attention is paid to the mechanism of occasional metaphors formation. There is given the classification of the main groups of metaphoric meanings that express the feature “direction of transference in the space”.
Key words: метафора; окказиональная метафора; коннотации; импликации; ассоциативно-семантический признак; синтагматика; metaphor; occasional metaphor; connotations; implications; associative and semantic feature; syntagmatics
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About some aspects of investigation of two-component expressions
There is considered a number of structural and functional peculiarities of two-component expressions. The author compares this type of expressions with the examined single-component ones, determines the characteristics of two-component expressions, as well as analyzes their use by the example of advertising slogans.
Key words: однокомпонентное высказывание; двухкомпонентное высказывание; грамматика; структура; предложение; single-component expression; twocomponent expression; grammar; structure; sentence
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System forming mechanism of presence in newspaper headlines
There is researched the newspaper headline as a special system – the sphere of functioning of presence. Detection of system forming mechanism of presence supposes the dynamic model of interaction of form, function and meaning of presence in a newspaper headline. Based on four languages there is analyzed the informative, compressive, inclusive and pragmatic functions realized by presence and the meanings peculiar for it.
Key words: система; заголовок; презенс; настоящее время; функция; значение; system; headline; presence; present tense; function; meaning
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Conceptualization of the social reality of the FRG by ethological metaphor
There are considered the semantic peculiarities of functioning of ethological metaphors in the German social communication through the prism of the linguocognitive approach. Usual metaphoric meanings reflect stereotyped linguocultural images that develop in the German language discursive space.
Key words: когнитивная лингвистика; политический дискурс; немецкий язык; концептуальная метафора; языковая картина мира; cognitive linguistics; political discourse; the German language; conceptual metaphor; language world picture
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Spatial aspect of a situation of cognition (by the material of verbalization of smell perception)
There is shown the language representation of one of the aspects of a situation of smell cognition by a person. The analysis of the material is carried out on the basis of the idea of linguistic forms validity by the cognitive processes of a person, which allows finding out the regularities of conceptualization of the place of smell on the basis of language formations.
Key words: когнитивная ситуация; обонятельный перцептивный канал; языковая экспликация; категория «место»; локализатор; пространственный ориентир; источник запаха; обонятельный образ; cognitive situation; olfactory perceptive channel; language explication; category “place”; localizer; spatial guideline; smell source; olfactory image
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English literary tale as the model of reality
There are described such characteristics of the model as generalization, anthropocentrism and fantastic nature. Via the comparative analysis of the means of actualization of the general modeled object in fiction worlds created by different authors there is illustrated the actualization in the text of the individual perception of reality.
Key words: модель; антропоцентричность; фантастичность; обобщенность; фикциональный мир; вымысел; нереализуемость элементов; model; anthropocentrism; fantastic nature; generalization; fiction world; invention; nonperformability of elements
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Interaction of different ways of information transmission as the means of creating an implication in the story by W. Faulkner “Wash”
There are considered the ways of information transmission that create an implication due to the structural bounds between the elements of the text. The means of implication expressing, in their turn, use similar semiotic mechanisms; ut determines the possibility of their participation in the united structure.
Key words: подтекст; импликация; аллюзия; стилистические приемы; авторский замысел; implication; allusion; stylistic devices; author’s idea
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Actual problems of literary criticism
The beaten: issue of onomastic identification (based on the Russian prose of the second half of the XX century)
There is considered the onomastics of the Russian writers of the latest decades of the XX century, regarding the reproduction of the phenomenon of the “formerness” as the basis of the images of the beaten: the participants of the White movement of the Civil War times, the hereditary aristocrats as the object of the ideological pressing, victims of the Gulag. There is found out the conditionality of their image by the objective and subjective factors: the principle of historicism and the originality of the authors’ creative individuality.
Key words: ономастика; имя и число; социально-психологическая матрица; поведенческие модели; историзм; судьба; характер; onomastics; name and number; social and psychological matrix; behavioural models; historicism; destiny; character
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Grotesque in the poetics by V. Vysotsky and V. Mayakovsky
There is attempted to trace the tradition of Mayakovsky in the creative work by Vysotsky at the level of grotesque – the method peculiar for the creative work of the both artists. Grotesque was one of the traces that connected the poetry of the bard and the heritage of the classical author.
Key words: Высоцкий; Маяковский; поэтика; гротеск; традиция; Vysotsky; Mayakovsky; poetics; grotesque; tradition
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Model of anthropomorphous space in the proletarian poetry
There is considered the model of anthropomorphous space peculiar for the proletarian poetry, and the forms of artistic representation of the suggested model.
Key words: пространство; топос; модели пространства; антропоморфное пространство; space; topos; models of space; anthropomorphous space
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“The Enchantress of Florence” by S. Rushdie and the tradition of a picaresque novel
There is analyzed the work by Salman Rushdie “The Enchantress of Florence” from the point of view of its connection with the tradition of a picaresque novel. Main attention is paid to the interpretation of the image of a trickster and the composition of the novel. The canonical features of a picaresque are regarded in comparison with the English modification of postmodernism, which makes it possible to judge about the originality of the latter one.
Key words: английский постмодернизм; плутовской роман; историографическая метапроза; трикстер; English post-modernism; picaresque novel; historiographic metaprose; trickster
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Phenomenon of imposture in the novel by E.A. Salias de Turnemir “Princess the Volodimirskaya”
There is considered one of the popular plots of the second half of the XIX century – appearance and arrest of a famous impostor Princess Tarakanova. There is researched the essence of the phenomenon of imposture, proved that in the novel by E.A. Salias de Turnemir imposture is the reaction to the events that are happening.
Key words: историческая беллетристика; авантюрно-исторический роман; Е.А. Салиас де Турнемир; феномен самозванства; княжна Тараканова; принцесса Владимирская
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Model of lyric self-determination in the poem by A.S. Pushkin “Autumn”
There is analyzed the poem by A.S. Pushkin “Autumn” from the point of implementation of the plot scheme of the cosmogonic myth; suggested to consider it as the “central myth” of Pushkin’s whole artistic system that determine the model of the poet’s lyric selfdetermination.
Key words: модель; лирический сюжет; космогонический миф; самоопределение; лирическое Я; поэзия; Пушкин; model; lyric plot; cosmogonic myth; selfdetermination; lyrical I; poetry; Pushkin
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Emotional world of the lyrics by M.Y. Lermontov of the boarding school period
The issue of “rational-emotional” in literature is a multi-level one, thus the analysis of the originality of the emotional world of Lermontov’s lyric character of the early period (1828-1830) is carried out with the achievements of the modern psychological science.
Key words: лирика; романтический герой; эмоции; чувства; поэтический язык; эмотивы; фрустрация; lyric poetry; romantic character; emotions; feelings; poetic language; emotives; frustration
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Novel by D.N. Begichev “The Kholmsky Family” in the context of literary life of the 1830s
There is considered the novel by D.N. Begichev “The Kholmsky Family” as the example of moral descriptive fiction of its time, as well as in connection with the main value guidelines of historiography of N.A. Polevoy implemented in one of the leading areas of the modern science – particular history, or the history of everyday life.
Key words: «второстепенная» проза; нравоописательная беллетристика; быт эпохи; категория повседневности; частная история; “secondary” prose; moral descriptive fiction; way of life of the epoch; category of everyday life; particular history
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Artistic originality of the biographic prose by V.S. Solovyov
There is shown that the greatest attention is paid by V.S. Solovyov to biographic books in their most important types – non-fictional, fictional, scientific.
Key words: жанр биографической прозы; беллетризованные; документальные и научные биографии; художественные особенности; композиция; художественные приемы; genre of the biographic prose; fictional; non-fictional and scientific biographies; artistic peculiarities; composition; artistic devices
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Don literary tradition in the prose by Ivan Sazanov
There are analyzed the Don literary traditions in the creative work by I.D. Sazanov. Special attention is paid to the principles of artistic realization of the issue “the Cossacks and the authority” that took the central place in the prerevolutionary Don literature.
Key words: казачество; донская литература; традиция; новаторство; the Cossacks; Don literature; tradition; innovation
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Academic Life. Reviews
Поэтика Андрея Платонова: международный взгляд
Key words:
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Рецензия на монографию С.Г. Воркачева «Anglica selecta: избранные работы по лингвоконцептологии» (Волгоград : Парадигма, 2012. 205 с.)
Key words:
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Издание к юбилею смоленского ономатолога. (Рецензия на книгу: И.А. Королева. Смоленская ономастика (к 1150-летию со дня основания города Смоленска). Смоленск: Маджента, 2012. 220 с.)
Key words:
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