Архив журнала


«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№4 (79) 2013
2013 г.
The modern theory of language
Modalities of perception and associative structure of word meaning
There is analyzed the influence of the leading modality of perception on the associative structure of word meaning. There is stated the direct depen-dence of correlation of attributive and characte-rizing signs in the associative field and the leading modality.
Key words: ассоциативное поле; значение слова; модальность восприятия; определительная плоскость; характеризующая плоскость; associative field; word meaning; modality of perception; attributive area; characterizing area
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Language rule breaking as the author’s realization of the new sign essence
There is considered the breaches of language rules as the result of the author’s perception of the changing reality that prove the new sign essence formation and break the automatism of perception of a fiction text. There is noted that the writer’s world view determines the unique combination of language means and the model of reality that doesn’t have the analogues.
Key words: художественное произведение; нарушение языковой нормы; авторское восприятие мира; новая знаковая сущность; подтекст; work of fiction; breach of language rules; author’s perception of world; new sign essence; subtext
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Hierarchic relations of juridical terms in the terminological thesaurus
There is covered the issue of building the hierarchic structure of the French terminological system of law by the method of thesaurus modeling. There is given the brief structure of juridical thesaurus created on the basis of the text analysis of the Ecological Code of France and research of lexical definitions of the explored juridical terms. There is considered the structure of fields of different levels that form the basis of thesaurus.
Key words: термин; иерархическая структура; семантическое поле; тезаурус; term; hierarchic structure; semantic field; thesaurus
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Peculiarities of demagogic behavior of a politician in the genre of election debates
There are analyzed the peculiarities of demagogic behavior on the basis of the material of election TV debates in the USA. There are found out the cases of the use of demagogic methods by presidential contenders in the USA, determined the frequency of use of particular demagogic communicative tactics and methods in politicians’ speeches.
Key words: демагог; политический дискурс; предвыборные дебаты; коммуникативное поведение; demagogue; political discourse; election debates; communicative behavior
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Self-monitoring as one of the forms of monitoring of communication
There is considered the notion “self-monitoring of communication”, found out the levels of self-monitoring, revealed and systematized the parameters of its implementation.
Key words: мониторинг; самомониторинг; модератор; уровень самомониторинга; monitoring; self-monitoring; moderator; level of self-monitoring
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Some peculiarities of focus distribution in the conceptual structure of indirect nominations
There are analyzed the semantic peculiarities of focusing of two types of conceptual elements (identifying and characterizing) in the textual indirect nominations. There are described the ways of focus distribution in the structure of the indirect nominative unit and construction.
Key words: непрямая номинация в тексте; фокусирование; когнитивная модель; распределение и тип фокуса; расщепленный фокус; indirect nomination in the text; focusing; cognitive model; distribution and type of focus; split focus
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Cognitive linguistics and discourse
Representation of the metaphysical object BÓG in the texts by Czeslaw Milosz
There are found out the ways of text representation of the metaphysical object BÓG in the texts by a modern Polish poet, essayist, the Nobel Prize laureate in the field of literature (1980) Czeslaw Milosz.
Key words: репрезентация; метафизический объект; Чеслав Милош; representation; metaphysical object; Czeslaw Milosz
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Considering the microfield of the concept “Love” “Feeling of sincere sympathy and affection” in the Russian language (by the material of the works by B.L. Pasternak)
Based on the poetic texts by B.L. Pasternak there is described the structure of the microfield of the concept “Love” “Feeling of sincere sympathy and affection”, one of the microfields of the second stage “Affection as the sense of life”. There are revealed the essential peculiarities of representation of some components of the concept’s semantics and structure; determined its important cognitive signs in the Russian language.
Key words: концепт «Любовь»; микрополе; макрополе; контекстуальные синонимы; Пастернак; влечение; периферия; concept “Love”; microfield; macrofield; contextual synonyms; Pasternak; affection; periphery
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Experience of historical and etymological description of some concepts of the engineering psychology in the German language
There is suggested the historical and etymological description of some concepts of the German term sphere of the engineering psychology – a scientific discipline that studies the objective regularities of the processes of informational interaction of a man and technical means with the aim to use them in the practice of projecting, creating and exploitation of the systems “man – machine – environment”.
Key words: описание; концепт; терминосфера; инженерная психология; description; concept; term sphere; engineer-ing psychology
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Prerequisites of humorous tone appearance in discourses of various types
There is regarded the humorous tone that appears in other types of discourse. There is proved that predisposition of this or that discourse to the “method” of humorous tone depends on a number of factors: communication situation, type of communicants’ interrelations, themes of communication, general emotional background of communication and aim of communication.
Key words: юмористический дискурс; юмо-ристическая тональность; сфера коммуникации; институциональное общение; коммуникант; humorous discourse; humorous tone; sphere of communication; institutional communication; communicant
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Principles of knowledge verbalization in the Spanish scientific and technological text
The universal construction of scientific text is composed by integration of new old and precedent knowledge. There are investigated the functions, discursive markers, the intertextuality and continuity.
Key words: научный текст; дискурс; новое знание; старое знание; прецедентное знание; интертекстуальность; дискурсивные маркеры; science text; discourse; new knowledge; old knowledge; precedent knowledge; intertextuality; discursive markers
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Comparative-historical, typological and comparative linguistics
Linguocultural peculiarities of the concept “road” / “Bahn” according to the associative experiments
In the comparative aspect there are considered the sets of associations that appear in the minds of Rus-sian and German native speakers to the stimulating words road and Bahn. In each associative field there are sorted out the semantic groups and subgroups. Two groups are common in the Russian and German parts of the experiment, but still there are some differences in the associative fields of the stimulating words road and Bahn.
Key words: свободный ассоциативный эксперимент; слово-стимул; слово-реакция; лексическое значение слова; семантическая группа; free associative experiment; stimulating word; reaction word; lexical meaning of the word; semantic group
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Use of semantic network in creating an intellectual electronic dictionary for German and Russian branch translation
There is suggested the semantic network as one of the components of the hybrid model of representation of knowledge in the intellectual electronic dictionary, which provides keeping and use of the information about grammar categories and word combinations with the required term.
Key words: современная теория языка; интеллектуальный электронный словарь; семантическая сеть; гибридная модель; лексикография; компьютерная лингвистика; modern theory of language; intellectual electronic dictionary; semantic network; hybrid model; lexicography; computer linguistics
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Some grammar peculiarities of speech in the Russian idiom of the English language
There are considered some aspects of the grammar idiomatic ethnics of the English language speech of Russian native speakers as the result of transfer of the system of morphological and semantic and syntactic models of the native linguistic culture in generation of the English expressions.
Key words: русский идиом английского языка; грамматический идиоэтнизм; речевая норма; модели речевого поведения; прагмалингвистический перенос; Russian idiom of the English language; grammar idiomatic ethnics; speech standard; models of speech behavior; pragmalinguistic transfer
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Structural and semantic peculiarities of properly emotive statements in the Russian and English media
There is characterized the use of a special type of statements (emotive) in mass media, described their peculiarities in manipulation of the opinion of the reading audience.
Key words: эмоции; эмотивные высказывания; СМИ; воздействие на читателя; emotions; emotive statements; mass media; influence on the reader
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Considering the component phrasal paradigms with the numeral “two”/”ике” in the Russian and Tatar languages
There is suggested the contrastive analysis of the phraseological units of the Russian and the Tatar languages with the numeral component “two”/”ике” on the basis of comparison of the components of phraseological units and their varieties, lexical and grammatical categories, semantics and the extent of structural and typological closeness of phraseological units with the aim to find out the integral, differential signs, their national specificity.
Key words: фразеологизм; контрастивный анализ; компонент-числительное; фразеопарадигма; словесный комплекс-прототип; межъязыковые фразеологические эквиваленты; варьирование; phraseological unit; contrastive analysis; numeral component; phrasal paradigm; verbal pro-totype complex; interlingual phraseological equiva-lents; varieties
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Вопросы ономастики
Main types of onyms that can be transferred to common nouns
There are regarded the types of proper names that can be transferred to common nouns. There is shown that anthroponyms, mythonyms, zoonyms and toponyms can be apellativized. All proper names that became common nouns are precedent.
Key words: апеллятивизация; прономинация; антропоним; мифоним; зооним; топоним; apellativization; pronomination; anthro-ponym; mythonym; zoonym; toponym
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Functional and style peculiarities of nicknames in the virtual discourse
There are described the functional and style peculiarities of nicknames that function in the virtual discourse. There is suggested the analysis of the points of view on the interpretation of the term “nickname”, found out the peculiarities of their use in the modern linguistics. Based on the analysis of the language material there are sorted out the types of nicknames of the modern virtual Russian language discourse.
Key words: никоним; виртуальный дискурс; функции никонимов; современная языковая личность; nickname; virtual discourse; functions of nicknames; modern language personality
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Peculiarities of nicknames use in fiction
There are considered the lexical and semantic groups and peculiarities of use of nicknames in works of fiction of the Tatar literature.
Key words: антропонимы; прозвища; художественный текст; anthroponyms; nicknames; fiction text
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Problems of Russian Studies
Foreign language names of diplomatic representatives in the Russian language (based on the written monuments of the XVII-XVIII centuries)
Based on the texts represented in the monuments of the international and legal character of the XVII-XVIII centuries, there is researched the appearance in the Russian language of West European terms - names of diplomatic representatives.
Key words: заимствование; фразеологическая калька; язык-источник; язык-посредник; loanword; phraseological loan translation; source language; intermediary language
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Functional and semantic category as the object of ideographic lexicography
On the basis of the example of the category of subjective modality there is suggested the author’ conception of lexicographic representations of the functional and semantic categories. There are considered the principles of ideographic scheme development, shown the structure of a dictionary entry. Special attention is paid to the specificity of a learner’s dictionary of functional and semantic categories addressed to foreign students who learn the Russian language.
Key words: лексикография; идеографическая классификация; учебный словарь; словарная статья; функционально-семантическая категория; lexicography; ideographic classification; learner’s dictionary; dictionary entry; functional and semantic category
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Metaphor as a cognitive mechanism of modeling the reality in the Russian language space of the media discourse of Ukraine
There is discussed the necessity of taking into consideration the social and political situation (actualization connected with political “bursts”) and the effecting potential of metaphors in the media discourse in the process of political reality construction.
Key words: политический дискурс Украины; метафорические модели; национальные реалии; манипуляция; political discourse of Ukraine; metapho-rical models; national realities; manipulation
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Functioning of the predicate cryptotype “controllability/uncontrollability” in the conditions of language play
Based on the texts of the modern periodicals there are considered the semantic paradoxes of the classifying category of the predicate “controllability/uncontrollability” in the conditions of language play and the reasons for them.
Key words: аномалия; контролируемость/неконтролируемость; парадокс; скрытая категория; языковая игра; abnormality; controllability/uncontrol-lability; paradox; implicit category; language play
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Genre and stylistic peculiarities of functioning of substantive participles in the New Testament
There is characterized the use of substantive participles in the New Testament. There are analyzed the texts of Greek origin and the Russian Synodal translation of the Bible. There is made the conclusion that in most cases substantive participles are used as a part of different rhetoric devices.
Key words: древнегреческий язык; Новый Завет; риторические приемы; синодальный перевод Библии; субстантивированные причастия; Old Greek language; the New Testament; rhetoric devices; Synodal translation of the Bible; substantive participles
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Semantic neoderivation in advertising and mass media texts
There is considered the semantic occasional deri-vation, its types represented in the language, and the combination of different ways of derivation in one lexical unit.
Key words: семантическая деривация; словообразовательная деривация; метонимический перенос; метафорический перенос; графодеривация; semantic derivation; word formative deriva-tion; metonymical transfer; metaphorical transfer; grapho-derivation
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Изучение языка художественных текстов
Cluster analysis in research of exoticisms of fiction texts
There is substantiated the necessity of exoticisms use in fiction texts with the aim to show the originality of the ethnic mentality of a particular nation. The cluster analysis of research of exoticisms allows representing this or that fragment of the world picture of some ethnos.
Key words: кластерный анализ; лингвокуль-турология; культура народа; художественный текст; экзотизмы; языковая картина мира; cluster analysis; linguistic culturology; nation’s culture; fiction text; exoticisms; language world picture
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Types of categorical emotive situations of craftiness (based on the classical novel)
Based on classical novels, there is covered the issue of categorization of emotive concepts in the process of communication. On the basis of the suggested criteria of types of categorical emotive situations there are analyzed the communicative situations in which craftiness becomes a dominant strategy of one of speech partners.
Key words: категориальная эмоциональная ситуация; концепт; коммуникативное поведение; вербализация; художественная коммуникация; categorical emotive situation; concept; communicative behavior; verbalization; artistic communication
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Types of meanings implicit by omission (based on fiction literature)
There is considered the interpretation of meanings-categories of assessments formed by omission in the fiction texts of the XXI century. There is made the conclusion that omission is the most important means of the meaning text structure and is the source of formation of the category of human existence and the recipient’s value orientations.
Key words: текст; категоризация; смысл; умолчание; text; categorization; meaning; omission
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Actual problems of literary criticism
Demetaphorization as a character feature of the poetics of the Russian satirical drama
There is characterized the method of demetaphorization in the domestic satirical drama of the second half of the XIX – beginning of the XX centuries. Based on the example of the plays by M.E. Saltykov-Shchedrin. A.V. Sukhovo-Kobylin, M.A. Bulgakov, N.R. Erdman there is shown that the incarnated metaphor eventually transforms into a fiction tendency.
Key words: деметафоризация; метафора; гротеск; сатира; драматургия; demetaphorization; metaphor; grotesque; satire; dramatic art
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S. Gandlevsky and A. Tarkovsky: autometadescriptive motives of the lyrics
There is considered the rapprochement of the poetic systems of S. Gandlevsky and A. Tarkovsky, in particular, thematic motives characteristic for both and having the autometadescriptive modality.
Key words: Гандлевский; Тарковский; поэ-тическое слово; автометаописание; лирический субъект; Gandlevsky; Tarkovsky; poetic word; autometadescription; lyrical subject
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Italy space structure in the works by Alexander Kushner
There are revealed the peculiarities of representation of Italy space in the poems by Alexander Kushner, analyzed the following components of the Italian topos: historic, natural, cultural and artistic. Special attention is paid to the interpretation of Italy space through the space of different types of art.
Key words: Италия; пространство; маркёр; репрезентация; искусство; Italy; space; marker; representation; art
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Model “Outer sinfulness – inner virtue” in the modern Orthodox fiction prose
Based on the creative work by a modern Russian writer, archpriest Nikolay Agafonov, there is regarded the functioning of the evolutional model “outer sinful-ness – inner virtue”, which determines the features of the themes and poetics of the modern native spiritual prose.
Key words: эволюция; грех; праведность; православие; проза; Николай Агафонов; evolution; sin; virtue; Orthodoxy; prose; Nikolay Agafonov
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Вопросы изучения русской литературы
Myth poetics of the novel “Feats of the Great Alexander” by M. Kuzmin
There are described the mythological models, motives expressed in the novel by M. Kuzmin. There are analyzed the story lines of the heroic and cosmogonical myths and the myth about Oedipus. There is made the conclusion that the poetics of myth interacts with the genres of biography, prophecy, travel forming the genre structure of the novel.
Key words: космогонический; героический мифы; мифологические мотивы; модели; мифопоэтика; cosmogonical; heroic myths; mythological motives; models; myth poetics
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“German text” in the novel by B.L. Pasternak “Doctor Zhivago”
There are thoroughly analyzed the facts of B. Pa-sternak’s reference to the German culture code and the methods of its implementation in the novel “Doctor Zhivago”.
Key words: Б. Пастернак; русско-немецкие литературные связи; «Доктор Живаго»; мотив бури; трансформация образа; B. Pasternak; Russian and German lite-rature relations; “Doctor Zhivago”; motive of storm; transformation of image
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Way of life and history in the memoirs by N.N. Berberova
There is considered the specificity of historism of N.N. Berberova: the peculiarities of the memoirs genre of the book “Italics of Mine”, the circle of themes, their coverage.
Key words: мемуары; историзм; русское зарубежье; первая волна; memoirs; historism; Russian abroad; first wave
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Man at the turn of epochs: “X” by D. Bykov as a culture philosophical novel
The novel “X” by D. Bykov is compared with a culture philosophical novel of the first half of the XX century. There are analyzed the themes of duplicity of a man at the turn of epochs, removed memory, Russian split, insufficient binary logic, images of a centaur man and palimpsest, myth of resurrection death.
Key words: культурфилософский роман; идентичность; текст; палимпсест; бинарная логика; свое-другое; culture philosophical novel; identity; text; palimpsest; binary logic; yours-other
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Topos of childhood in the modern woman’s poetry
There is considered the structural and semantic modification of topos of childhood in the modern women’s poetry. There are found out and analyzed the reasons for structural diffusion of childhood topos as the idyllic spatial and temporal continuum. Artistic representation of “children’s” topos in the modern woman’s poetry is researched in the aspect of the dynamics of the anthropological, hecultural and myth poetical types of space.
Key words: топос детства; антропологическое пространство; идиллический хронотоп; геопоэтическое пространство; гендер; topos of childhood; anthropological space; idyllic chronotop; geopoetic space; gender
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Хроника. Рецензии
Рецензия на книгу: Немецкая концептосфера: национальные и индивидуально-авторские концепты: кол. моногр. / науч. ред. В.И. Карасик. Волгоград : Парадигма, 2012. 180 с
Key words:
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Рецензия на книгу: Олянич А.В., Устинова Е.В. Цитата как вербальный инструмент манипуляции в политическом дискурсе США : моногр. Волгоград :Волгогр. ГАУ, 2012. 168 с
Key words:
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