Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№5 (49) 2010
2010 г.
СОВРЕМЕННАЯ ТЕОРИЯ ЯЗЫКА
The Russian linguistic and cultural concept joy (in dictionary entries and associative dictionary)
Based on the materials from dictionary entries and associative dictionary there is regarded the description of the concept joy in Russian linguistic culture. There are revealed the associative, figurative and value characteristics of this concept, as well as its ethnic cultural specificity in Russian linguistic culture.
Key words: concept; linguistic culture; dictionary entry; structure; image; value; association
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Scenario as concept dynamics representation method
There is regarded the dynamics of nominative concept field as a component of a narrative text. There is set the terminal translational tendency to the French and English languages, that make scenario a dynamic cognitive structure. There is the scenario nominative field modeling realized.
Key words: concept; dynamics; scenario; modeling; nominative field
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Linguistic and cultural type English pirate: definition and stereotypes
There are regarded the conceptual, figurative and value characteristics of the linguistic and cultural type English pirate. There are characterized the stereotype pirates characteristics (maritime banditry), their leisure-time, appearance, typical attributes. There are found the ambivalent valuation pirates characteristics in modern consciousness.
Key words: linguistic and cultural type; concept; pirate
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Implication and subtext: terms and notions
There is connection between the notions implicit meaning and subtext in a narrative text. Implicit meanings are emotional and mental forms based on implicit knowledge acquired and kept in memory until some certain moment. Through narrative categorization on the basis of these meanings in a narrative text the reader comes to the conscious (sometimes easily verbalized, more often hardly verbalized) conclusion - notion of subtext.
Key words: implication; subtext; categorization; text projection; inference; implicature
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Interiorisation discourse realization particular cases
There are analysed the non-typical cases of interiorisation discourse realization that is regarded as character inner speech model performed by a narrative texts author. Showing the role of the so called quasiobjects in interiorisation discourse the author comes to the conclusion that communication with yourself is often masked by communication with other objects.
Key words: interiorisation discourse; improper direct speech; interiorisation discourse scale; interiorisation discourse extent; interiorisation discourse object; interiorisation discourse subject
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Sociolinguistic aspect of informative and regulatory texts learning: methods and means of authoritative and subordinating relations realization
On the basis of French informative and regulatory texts there is regarded the notion of language as social power instrument and analyzed the language and speech means and methods of authoritative and subordinating relations realization.
Key words: sociolinguistics; discourse power; informative and regulatory text; language means
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Linguistic interdisciplinary terms: conceptual parameters and functional qualities
There is revealed the functional and conceptual and definitional specificity of linguistic interdisciplinary terms. There is given the assessment of linguistic anthropocentric paradigm. There are analyzed the results of associative and definitional experiment to terminological competence setting.
Key words: linguistics; interdisciplinary terms; anthropocentrism; associative and definitional experiment
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To the question of formation of emotive stimulating expressions functional and communicative field
There are regarded the peculiarities of field organization of emotive stimulating expressions from the functional and communicative point of view. The centre and periphery differentiation criteria in systemic unification modeling are the following: 1) specialization / non-specialization for expressing stimulating intention; 2) their monofuncionality / polyfunctionality; 3) contextual non-conditionality / conditionality.
Key words: emotive stimulating expressions; intention; perlocutive effect; functional and communicative field
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Mentative expressions pragmatics in the advertising communication
There are shown the pragmatic advantages of mentative expressions usage in advertising communication. There is revealed the nature of mentative expressions and their production method. There is also taken the attempt to make a scheme of unsubstantiated argument to the listeners mental model.
Key words: mental model; mentative; modality; advertisement; linguistic portrait
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About the assertive speech intention components
There are given the examples of speech acts in Jane Austens works, given its classification by speech intentions components quantity.
Key words: assertive speech acts; persuasive intention; communicative intention; informative intention
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Ethnic and inocultural factors role in phraseological semantics formation of discourse fields ones own and strange
There is shown the difference between ethnic cultural and inocultural discourse fields and revealed the discourse potential of phraseological semantics in opposition formation ones own / strange. There is regarded the definition of intercultural discourse field as the field where connection between phrase semantics and own and strange culture elements are shown.
Key words: ethnic cultural; inocultural; intercultural discourse field; phraseological semantics
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Text modality role in cultural concept love formation (based on lyric cycles of Gaius Valerius Catullus and Dante Alighieri)
There is regarded the problem of poetic cycle modality research. There is given the definition of poetic cycle as a special variety of a narrative text, analysed the language means of subjective authors modality realization in lyric cycles of Catullus and Dante, defined the text modality role in authors concept love formation in every cycle, traced the transformation of authors to cultural concept.
Key words: poetic cycle; cyclic form; text modality; subjective modality; author's concept; cultural concept
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Semantic support of structural type V-N1-N2 phraseological units
There are described the peculiarities of phraseological units formation under the conditions of associative experiment. By example of several phraseological units there is singled out semantic support, marked its nominal significance in linguistics. There are drawn the conclusions about the influence of variety, transformation and reduction of semantic support and other components on phraseological units.
Key words: phraseological unit; Russian language mind; semantic support; associative pair; variety; transformation
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Linguistic and cultural metaconceptualization of psychological science
There is described the science metaconcept as a mental unit conditional on culture and objectified in language. There is confirmed that linguistic and cultural bearers value treatment to scientific research results indicates at metaconcept of respective science in their minds. There are singled out six basic markers of value treatment to psychological science in everyday communication.
Key words: metaconcept; value treatment; science; psychology; scientific term
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Category Quality as thinking category (Characteristic - Sign - Quality)
There are regarded the logic and philosophy aspects of category Quality, traced this phenomenons way from formal logic to cognitive science, researched the adjective as a specific category representing cognitive models of characteristics, signs, qualities.
Key words: category; category "quality - characteristic - sign"; treatment
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To the notions of intercultural linguistics and intercultural pragmatics
There are revealed the notions of intercultural linguistics and intercultural pragmatics in the context of intercultural communication general theory; regarded one of the basic methods in intercultural communication pragmatic component research, systematized the specific principles and communication maxims from the position of their realization in intercultural discourse, marked out a number of pragmatic principles specially relevant in intercultural communication conditions.
Key words: intercultural communication; pragmatics; communication maxims; discourse
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Verbalization of subjects inner state mimic expression in Russian and English linguistic culture
There are characterized the semantic peculiarities of expressing language means of persons inner state mimic expression in the Russian and English languages. Special attention is paid to verbs semantic structure consideration.
Key words: verb semantics; semantic analysis; structure; mimic expression language means; linguistic culture
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Self-presentation communicative strategy realization in Russian and German introduction notices
There is regarded the self-presentation communicative strategy realization based on Russian and German introduction notice texts. There are marked out the vocabulary peculiarities of introduction notice texts in the compared languages.
Key words: communicative strategy; communicative tactics; self-presentation; assessment; metaphor
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Presence functions peculiarities in Communicative from the strategic approach position
There is regarded the Presence from the angle of discourse approach to language and speech facts making possible to research grammar form tactic use in different ways of discourse organization taking into account speakers intentions and communicative purposes. There are analyzed particular speech tactics realized with Presence in Communicative based on the Russian and French languages.
Key words: Presence; ways of discourse organization; Communicative; strategies; tactics
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Hemeronim linguistic status (based on Russian and British mass media)
There is defined the mass media titles position in onomastic language subsystem. There are marked out hemeronims characteristics letting them refer to onomastic vocabulary as well as define their peripheral position in onomastic space.
Key words: hemeronim; onomastic space; artificial and natural nominations; onomastic periphery
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Phrase formation as a problem of theory derivatology (based on the Russian and Chinese languages)
There are regarded the questions of comparative phrase formation that have been systemically developed neither in Russian nor in Chinese linguistics. There is an attempt taken to comprehend the essence of such processes of phrase formation as primary and secondary transposition in structural peculiarities of Russian and Chinese phrases.
Key words: phrase formation; transposition; phrase formation base; phrase scheme
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Animal names use in Karachai and Balkar languages toponymy
Based on rich factual material there is shown that lexis referring to domestic animals names takes a significant place on toponym system formation. In domestic animals names there is often used
Key words: toponymy; toponymical line; motivation; subsystem; system; name motivation
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ПРОБЛЕМЫ РУСИСТИКИ
Attributive combinatory power of nouns man and woman in linguistic and cognitive aspect (in the Russian language)
Based on the Russian fiction of XVIII - XIX centuries and modern mass media there are defined the functioning peculiarities of nouns man and woman with attributes; from linguistic and cognitive approach there are revealed characteristics of mans and womans image of XIX century. There are analyzed more than 3500 combinations with nouns man and woman.
Key words: attributive combinatory power; linguistic and cognitive approach; gender; nouns; man; woman
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Politeness category role in writing genre of business communication
There is researched politeness considered in communicative and pragmatic aspect as an important category controlling communication process. Based on regulated and unregulated business letters and instructions there are analyzed the realization peculiarities of communicative category politeness in written genres of Russian business communication. There is the conclusion made about the role of politeness in modern official communication sphere.
Key words: communicative and pragmatic approach; official and business style; politeness category
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Word semantics in childrens speech
There are described the peculiarities of word learning by children. There is marked out that semantic aspect of childrens speech is developed gradually and is closely connected with childs cognitive experience. For quite a long period of time children notice in subject and item notions only substantial word components and the most important semantic signs they rely on in nomination process.
Key words: word semantics; meaning widening; modification; nomination; children's speech
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Sirconstant situation marks in Russian folk signs system
There are regarded the semantic complication ways of paremiological items with the help of sirconstant complications. On the basis of text analysis of Russian folk signs there is suggested the semantic classification of proposal circumstances, revealed the most productive models of the mentioned phenomenon in Russian paremies.
Key words: sentence semantic structure; situation sirconstant signs; folk sign
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Semantic motivation and its role in phraseological unit image potential formation
There is investigated the semantic motivation in phraseology. Phraseological unit is regarded as a motivated language unit which meaning formation and image potential are influenced by various language means.
Key words: phraseological unit; phraseological meaning; motivation; image
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Peculiarities of complex syntactic whole system formation with nominative identification
Complex syntactic whole systems with identification make three semantic varieties of denotative, significant and nominative identification. The first ones establish denotation identity to itself, the second define notion essence with the help of a similar notion, the third define names identity with the same denotation. The article deals with complex syntactic whole with nominative identification.
Key words: complex syntactic whole; identifying relations; nomination; language code
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Context as a communication style hybridization factor
There is regarded the problem of situational context consideration as a communication style hybridization factor in one and the same discourse field.
Key words: context; communication style; direct / indirect communication
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Historical evolution of foreign words dictionary types
Foreign words dictionaries are an actively developing and the most variable type of lexicographical editions contributing more exact explanation of semantics and better understanding of word etymology that in its turn broadens knowledge of language and world.
Key words: language; the English language; vocabulary; adoptions; semantics; foreign words dictionary; lexicography; edition
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ВОПРОСЫ ГЕРМАНИСТИКИ
Modern English language changes in the example of online diaries
There are analyzed the last tendencies in modern English language development and formation used in the Internet as a whole and online diaries in particular. The research is based on real users from different social, age and gender groups which allows to make comparative analysis and find out dominant ways of actual processes in the modern English language used for virtual communication.
Key words: Internet; virtual sphere; online communication
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Board game concepts in English linguistic culture
There are regarded the board game concepts (chess in particular) in English linguistic culture. There are revealed the extra fields of the given concepts, their usage as metaphors in the English newspapers The Times, Times online, The Sunday Times, investigated the frequency of lexical meanings of the mentioned concepts.
Key words: concept; extra field; board games; figurative meaning
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Colour name as a psycholinguistic means of authors mental representation categorization of reality fragments in landscape description in Oscar Wildes works
There is given the semantic and cognitive analysis of the concept colour name as a psycholinguistic means of authors mental representation categorization of reality fragments in landscape description in works by Oscar Wilde with the purpose of revealing the peculiarities of authors individual colour world picture.
Key words: colour name; world picture; psychological detail; image; symbolic meaning
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Request speech intention persuasive component expressive means (based on the works by Henry Rider Haggard, beginning of XX century)
There are considered and analyzed language means stimulating request intention in speech acts taken from works by Henry Rider Haggard of the beginning of XX century.
Key words: speech intention; request; persuasive; intensifier
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АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ ЛИТЕРАТУРОВЕДЕНИЯ
Literature dialog between Ekaterina II and G.R.Derzhavin about monarchy and nobility relations (Tale about tsarevitch Khlor and Derzhavins poetry cycle about Felitsa)
Outwardly opposing his sybaritic life to Ekaterinas modesty and diligence Derzhavin praises her for refusal from despotism, respect and leniency. Besides, Derzhavin appears in ode to be not a professional court hymn singer but a free noble. He invests the ode with a frame of a friendly message to tsarina about his own epicurean life he is obliged to the addressee.
Key words: playful and gallant tale; ode as a friendly message; free dialog with tsarina; leniency; noble poet
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Genre structure and artistic consciousness structures (based on the novel by F.M.Dostoevsky Poor People)
Genre structure is defined not only by tradition and writers choice but also by his world perception peculiarities, individual creative mind structures. The analysis of this cooperation includes the narrative, psychological, rhetorical, genre situation analysis. F.M.Dostoevsky chose for himself the novel structure and already in the first novel Poor people, having changed the traditional epistolary novel structure, started to create metamorphic novel elements, his own genre, defining his creative work in 1860 - 1870 years.
Key words: mind; genre; perception of the world; novel; epopee; character; plot; metamorphosis
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Chekhov new perusal (post-modernist Chekhov learning problems)
There are analyzed modern Chekhov scholars works, end of XX - beginning of XXI centuries, revealed advantages and mistakes.
Key words: Chekhov; postmodernism; field man; freedom of thought; modern times
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Orthodox world-view in philosophical mystical work by Vsevolod Soloviov (novels The Magi and The Great Rosicrucian)
There are considered the novels by V.Soloviov (1849 - 1903) The Magi and The Great Rosicrucian, analyzed the collision and antithesis of orthodox and gnostic conception of the world and man in the example of main characters fate and secondary personages.
Key words: historical novel; XVIII century; orthodoxy; freemasonry; gnosticism; humanism; Christian values; pretersensual knowledge
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Concept sphere life realization methods and means in the prose by I.A.Bunin
There is suggested the analysis of the concept sphere life in the prose by I.A.Bunin. There is regarded the writers conceptual world picture, as well as linguistic interpretation, concept representation methods and means.
Key words: concept; concept sphere; conceptual world picture; life; linguistic culturology
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Sophia cosmogony and eschatology in Silver Age poetry
Sophistic meanings are inseparable from cosmic and eschatological connotations that are fully realized in the Silver Age poetry.
Key words: sophistic cosmos; world perception; archaists; modernists; poetic apocalyptica
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Space in space in The Poem without a hero by A.A. Akhmatova
Petersburg attracted many poets not only from the urbanist point of view but also as a city that took in a number of legends and events and faced great social changes. Petersburg is a mythical city that has certain stages of existence. It is in A.Akhmatovas representation that the city received its completion having taken in the features of other Petersburgs represented in earlier literature works from A.S.Pushkin to A.Blok.
Key words: artistic space; Petersburg; "The Poem without a Hero"; topos
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Spiritual poetry in pilgrim works XIX - beginning of XX centuries: plot preference
There are considered the spiritual poetry plots performed by pilgrims in Russia. The certain plots preference reasons are connected with the functions performed by pilgrims in the Russian society.
Key words: spiritual poetry; pilgrims; Russian culture; spiritual poetry plots
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P.P.Muratovs drama in the authors essay context
There is shown the connection between drama and essay by P.P.Muratov. Essay is considered in the aspect of authors views on art in the XX century. There is accentuated that cultural, philosophical and aesthetic authors preferences explicit in his comedies let find out new substantial stratums.
Key words: P.P.Muratov; essay; drama; culture and philosophy; aesthetics
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Back light of new world-view on the Universe of Walt Whitman
There is suggested to look at the universe picture created by W.Whitman in Leaves of Grass from the position of the latest science conception about the nature and world as a whole. The conclusion the author comes to is as follows: in the light of the new world-view Whitmans artistic world has broadened, began to sparkle with new colours, became clearer to the reader, and perhaps more authoritative, having shown its corrective scientific function.
Key words: artistic world; chaos; cosmos; open system; new world-view
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НАУЧНАЯ ЖИЗНЬ. РЕЦЕНЗИИ
На международной конференции в Екатеринбурге
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Рецензия на монографию В.И. Ш аховского «Лингвистическая теория эмоций» (М., 2008. 416 с.)
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Рецензия на роман- воспоминание В.Б. С мирнова «Житие святого Глеба» (Волгоград: Издатель, 2008. 416 с.)
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Рецензия на «Собрание сочинений в двух томах» М.К. А гашиной (Волгоград: Изд-во Волгогр. ин-та экономики, социологии и права, 2009)
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Рецензия на сборник научных трудов «Современная политическая лингвистика: проблемы, концепции, перспективы» (Волгоград: Изд-во ВГ ПУ «Перемена», 2009 г. 353 с.)
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