Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№7 (92) 2014
2014 г.
СОВРЕМЕННАЯ ТЕОРИЯ ЯЗЫКА
Restatement of values as a deed (experience of interpretation of J.L. Borges)
The article deals with “Fragments of Apocryphal Gospel” by J.L. Borges. The text is viewed as a post-modernist commentary to the Sermon on the Mount by Jesus Christ. Main axiological orienting points of the text are singled out and commented upon - on the one hand, emphasizing the value of this life on the earth and stoic indifference to the vicissitude of fate, and on the other hand, accentuation of absurdity of being and conventionality of any evaluation.
Key words: ценности; постмодернистская позиция; интерпретация евангелия; Х.Л. Борхес; values; post-modernist position; inter-pretation of the Gospel; J.L. Borges
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Informal communication: approaches to its classification and research methods
There is represented the author’s classification of informal communication based on the factor “level of intimacy of interpersonal relations of communicants”. Informal communication is regarded as the field where there can be found nuclear and peripheral zones. There are realized the varieties of informal communication, each of them can be researched on the basis of the selected constitutive parameters.
Key words: русский язык; неофициальное общение; разговорная речь; семейное общение; дружеское общение; the Russian language; informal commu-nication; spoken language; family communication; friendly communication
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Future tense as the attribute of the text semantic field
The future tense is considered as the attribute of the text semantic field and analyzed from the point of the contents of a fiction text. There are marked out the types of tense and formed the tense contents by the example of fiction texts.
Key words: лингвистика; семантическое пространство; будущее время; текст; интерпретация; linguistics; semantic space; future tense; text; interpretation
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Use of denotative differentiation principle in summarizing of lexicographic meanings
There is suggested the method of lexicographic meanings summarizing with the use of the denotative differentiation principle, which allows defining the meanings different from each other in the seme structure and the particular denotative reference. With such an approach the quantity of some separate meanings in the lexicographic description increases notably, that is the reflection of the semantic reality.
Key words: лексикографическое описание; принцип денотативной дифференциации, семный состав, обобщение словарных дефиниций, ядерные семы; lexicographic description; denotative differentiation principle; seme structure; summarizing of word definitions; nuclear semes
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The discursive tactic of desecration: indirect forms of presentation
There is described the desecration tactic as a structural component of vindictive discourse. Indirect forms of the above mentioned tactic presentation, which make it possible for a speaker to cause moral damage to an addressee-aggressorformally keeping ethical (and in certain cases - legal) norms of communication, get enlightment.
Key words: виндиктивный дискурс; тактика поругания; косвенные формы объективации; пейоратив; мелиоратив; vindictive discourse; tactic of desecration; indirect forms of presentation; pejorative; meliorative
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Interdiscursiveness of the diplomatic discourse
There is considered the issue of interdiscursiveness of the diplomatic discourse. The expression “institutional character of the discourse” is represented as the key one, which means that there are various types of discourse that appear in different institutions. There are given the examples of interaction of the diplomatic discourse with others (political, mass media discourse, juridical and military discourses), shown the way they cross.
Key words: дипломатический дискурс; дискурс массмедиа; юридический дискурс; военный дискурс; интердискурсивность; институциональность; diplomatic discourse; mass media discourse; juridical discourse; military discourse; interdiscursiveness; institutional character
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Interdiscursiveness of the diplomatic discourse
There is considered the issue of interdiscursiveness of the diplomatic discourse. The expression “institutional character of the discourse” is represented as the key one, which means that there are various types of discourse that appear in different institutions. There are given the examples of interaction of the diplomatic discourse with others (political, mass media discourse, juridical and military discourses), shown the way they cross.
Key words: цитата; юридический дискурс; фигуры интертекста; комбинации; функции; discourse; mass media discourse; juridical discourse; military discourse; interdiscursiveness; institutional character
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Repentance as a performative speech genre
There are considered the performative characteristics of the speech genre “repentance”. The genre is considered as performative as, first of all, its concept is included into the cognitive model of the act, and second, it leads to the transformation of the value status of the speaker, and in some cases - the addressee.
Key words: речевой жанр; перформативность; раскаяние; поступок; трансформация ценностного статуса; speech genre; pereformative characteristics; repentance; act; transformation of the value status
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Reader’s reception of the texts with indefinitely expressed semantics: cognitive and discursive aspects (by the example of the “language poems” by C. Coolidge)
From the positions of the cognitive and discouse approach there are considered the peculiarities of comprehension of the experimental poetic texts with the abnormalities of the lexical and semantic collocation. The specific character of the meaning in the reading process is analyzed in the light of the theory of mental spaces and conceptual integration. The iconic character of the word order and metonymy are determined as cognitive mechanisms that provide the potential of the text interpretation.
Key words: «языковая поэзия»; ментальные пространства; концептуальная интеграция; метонимия; “language poetry”; mental spaces; conceptual integration; metonymy
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Equivalence and lacunarity of derived metaphoric verb meanings of speech activity in the English and the Russian languages
There are considered the English and Russian polysemantic verbs with the metaphoric meaning of speech activity. There is made the attempt of the interlingual correlation analysis of the verb metaphoric nomination in the English and the Russian languages.
Key words: метафора; полисемант; полисемантичные глаголы; эквивалентность; лакуна; речевая деятельность; metaphor; polysemant; polysemantic verbs; equivalence; lacuna; speech activity
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Intentionality of naming in the comparative aspect (based on the survey of Russian and American informants’ opinions)
Based on the based on the survey of Russian and American parents’ opinions there are revealed the nominative intentions of naming subjects in the situation of naming, made the conclusion about the national and cultural specificity of nominative preferences of the Russians and the Americans in choosing a name for a newborn baby.
Key words: антропоним; имянаречение; номинативные интенции; рефлексив; мотивировочный признак; anthroponym; naming; nominative intentions; reflexive; motivating sign
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Considering the issue of typology of semantic transformations from verbs with denotative sign “sound” in the English and Russian languages
There are considered the criteria of the typology of semantic transformations from the verbs with the denotative sign “sound” like Russian трещать, свистеть, English hum, crack, jerk and so on. As the basis there is considered the acoustical and articulation inner form of nomination, which is the prototype of the verbs.
Key words: фоносемантика; семиогенез; глаголы звука; семантическое пространство звука; языковая картина звучащего мира; сопоставительная лексикология; phonosemantics; semiogenesis; verbs of sound; semantic space of sound; language world picture of sound; comparative lexicology
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Complex colour indications “RED” in the modern Korean language
There are characterized the complex colour indications “RED” in the Korean language, made the attempt to classify them.
Key words: цветообозначения; корейский язык; сложные цветообозначения; классы сложных цветообозначений; красный цвет; colour indications; the Korean language; complex colour indications; classes of complex colour indications; the red colour
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“Faith” as a fundamental value of the chivalric code of behavior
There is observed the concept “faith” as a value, determined its place in the chivalric system of values from the point of view of chivalric code of behaviour; put forward the ways of representation of “faith” based on the analysis of the romance “Ivanhoe” by W. Scott.
Key words: лингвокультурный концепт; система ценностей; ценностный компонент; рыцарский кодекс поведения; вера; linguo-cultural concept; the system of values; a valuable component; chivalric code of behaviour; faith
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Syntax of the prose by E.M. Remark and its reflection in its translations into the English language (based on the novels “Im Westen nichts Neues”, “Der Weg zurück”, “Drei Kameraden”)
In the aspect of translation there is considered the syntax of the novels by E.M. Remark “Im Westen nichts Neues”, “Der Weg zurück”, “Drei Kameraden”. There is covered the stylistic potential of various sentence types. There is carried out the comparative analysis of the originals and its translations. There is determined the conformity of the syntactic constructions of the original novels that are used by translators in translations into the English language.
Key words: синтаксис; синтаксическая конструкция; роман; перевод; тип предложения; стиль; syntax; syntactic construction; novel; translation; sentence type; style
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Aspects of sentence description
There is represented the score description of a sentence - the analysis of 8 out of 12 aspects. There are considered the sentence aspects, the sequence of sentence characteristics, suggested the extension of the logical and syntactic analysis of a sentence as applied to the denotation, signification, referent and name.
Key words: функциональный; предикативный; коммуникативный; логический; семантический ти-пы предложения; functional; predicative; communicative; logical; semantic sentence types
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Formation of the signs of indirect derivative nomination based on the evaluative oxymoron
There are described the semantic peculiarities of the evaluative oxymoron, revealed and analyzed the basic signs of the meanings of the indirect derivative nomination which refer to the evaluative oxymoron.
Key words: знаки косвенно-производной номинации; фразеологические сочетания; оценочный оксюморон; signs of the indirect derivative nomination; phraseological units; evaluative oxymoron
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“Inner person” as one of the meaning of the lexeme “heart”
There is considered the meaning of the lexeme “heart” ‘inner person’. Based on the works of the Russian literature of the XVIII-XXI centuries there are determined the gender, age, toponymic, national characteristics that refer to this meaning, as well as considered the human experiences and feelings, positive and negative personal qualities as characteristic for this meaning.
Key words: семантика; лексема «сердце»; значение ‘внутренний человек’; semantics; lexeme “heart”; meaning ‘inner person’
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Figures of ambiguous speech in the genre of epigram
There is considered the functioning of the category of the ambiguous speech in the genre of epigram. There is made the classification of epigrams by the intention expressing type in the text, clarified the possible elocutive means of speech ambiguity specific for the genre, revealed the correlation of various figures and peculiarities of expressive contact of the epigram with some other genres.
Key words: эпиграмма; фигуры двусмысленной речи; элокуция; epigram; figures of ambiguous speech; elocution
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Universal and unique in the dialect world picture (by the material of the Don dialects)
By the material of the Don Cossack dialects there are considered the universal and unique values reflected in the dialect world picture, noted the conditions and reasons for formation of such values.
Key words: диалект; донские говоры; казачество; универсальные и уникальные ценности; слово и фразеологизм; диалектная картина мира; dialect; Don dialects; the Cossacks; universal and unique values; word and phraseological unit; dialect world picture
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Russian agricultural vocabulary as one of the ways of verbal expression of the theme of Motherland in the creative work by S. Yesenin
There is described the significance of the agricultural vocabulary for the theme of Motherland in the creative work by S. Yesenin. There are analyzed the language means including figurative and expressive ones, which prove the close connection of the inner state of mind of S. Yesenin with the Motherland, which essential part are the realities of the village, peasant, agricultural world that has taken the main place in the lives of Russian people from time immemorial.
Key words: тема Родины; сельскохозяйственная лексика; территориальные диалекты; фольк-лор; theme of Motherland; agricultural vocabulary; territorial dialects; folklore
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Repeated nomination as the means of expressing emotions in the works by Tatiana Tolstaya
There is analyzed the repeated nomination as the means of expressing the emotional state of the characters in the stories by Tatiana Tolstaya. There are revealed the most frequent emotions expressed by repeated nomination: disappointment, joy, excitement, fear, anger.
Key words: повторная номинация; цепочка повторной номинации; эмоция; эмоциональное состояние; коннотация; repeated nomination; chain of repeated nomination; emotion; emotional state; connotation
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“Art is created by chance, chance is created by art” (considering the role of chance in the comedies by O. Wilde)
There is characterized the role of chance in the comedies by O. Wilde, analyzed the correlation of the notions “chance”, “truth”, “fate” on the language and content levels. There is proved that the non-reasoned acts and spontaneous decisions of the characters in the plays by Oscar Wilde incarnate the philosophy of the unreal.
Key words: английская комедия; случайность; конфликт; философия нереального; English comedy; chance; conflict; philosophy of the unreal
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Status and role relations in the novel by A. Hailey “Hotel”
There are analyzed the status and role relations between hotel servants in the novel by A. Hailey “Hotel”. The social status is regarded as the complex system of meanings of the correlative inequality between the communicants.
Key words: социальный статус; статусно-ролевые отношения; престижное поведение; нормативное; драматургическое; коммуникативное действие; social status; status and role relations; prestigious behavior; normative; dramaturgic; communicative actions
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Image of a raven in the Chinese and Russian poetry
There is analyzed the image of a raven in the Chinese and Russian poetry, considered its genesis, evolution of sense, ways of artistic actualization.
Key words: художественный образ; компаративистика; хронотоп; лирика; artistic image; comparative linguistics; chronotop; lyrics
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“Pirozhki” and “poroshki”: internet poetry between folklore and literature
By the material of two popular modern internet poetry genres there are considered the peculiarities of their text production and specificity of the comic discourse. There is revealed its connection with laughter folk tradition and poetry of nonsense in literature. There is considered the role of these genres as the markers of the modern folklore and literature relations.
Key words: сетевая литература; интернет-фольклор; пирожки; порошки; однострофные иронические стихи; поэтика абсурда и нонсенса; internet poetry; netlore; «pirozhki»; «poroshki»; ironic poems; poetry of absurdity/nonsense
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Folklore personage in the Russian literature of the end of the XVIII - beginning of the XIX centuries: a brownie
There is considered the functioning of the folklore personage in the Russian literature of the end of the XVIII - beginning of the XIX centuries. There are described two tendencies in the image of a brownie: careful attitude to the tradition and mockery of superstitious beliefs. There is logically developed the idea that very often the image of a brownie in the text allows penetration of the traditional culture as a whole, which becomes the object of the artistic reflection.
Key words: домовой; фольклор; литература; Радищев; Тимофеев; Майков; Дельвиг; brownie; folklore; literature; Radishchev; Timofeev; Maikov; Delvig
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Visual and figurative dominant in the poetic axiology of M.Y. Lermontov
There is revealed the originality of the poetry of M.Y. Lermontov in the aspect of visualization of mental notions and ideas, their transformation into visualization of subjective and sensitive contents. The symbolic nature of the poetic ideology is analyzed in the light of the Christian axiology and metaphysics in correlation with the Orthodox icon painting tradition.
Key words: вербальное; визуальное; иконопись; ментальная реальность; христианская аксиология и онтология; поэтический образ; verbal; visual; icon painting; mental reality; Christian axiology and ontology; poetic image
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Considering the issue of the style of the Russian metaphysic poetry in the second half of the XIX century: the principle of iconic character in the lyrics by A.K. Tolstoy
There are considered the characteristic features of the Russian metaphysic poetry in the second half of the XIX century, in particular, the poetry by A.K. Tolstoy. In the poetic system there is researched the principle of iconic character that determine the metaphysic content of the lyrics.
Key words: религиозно-философский романтизм; метафизическая поэзия; мотив «духовного ока»; онтологический подход; religious and philosophic romanticism; metaphysic poetry; motive of “spiritual eye”; ontological approach
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Paradoxes of the fiction space in the story by A.P. Chekhov “In the Native Home”
The space images of the story “In the Native Home” are regarded in the folklore and mythological aspect. The ambivalent meanings of “steppe” and “native home” start unexpected relations forming not only the fiction space of the story but also its composition and sense. The character of the story is absorbed with the steppe and lead into a deadlock. Hopes for a better life do not come true. That makes her dramatically accept the reality.
Key words: Чехов; художественное пространство; степь; дом; родной угол; мифопоэтика; Chekhov; fiction space; steppe; home; native home; myth poetics
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ЧЕЛОВЕК И ПРИРОДА В ТВОРЧЕСТВЕ И.Д. САЗАНОВА 1920-1930-х гг
Проблема «человек и природа» рассматривается как доминанта творчества И.Д. Сазанова 1920 - 1930-х гг. Анализируется литературная специфика научно-художественных книг писателя для детей и юношества.
Key words: литература и краеведение; научно-художественная книга; образы природы; пейзажная живопись; литературная традиция
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Considering the issue of the new traditionalism in the Russian literature of the XX century (axiological aspect)
There is considered the specific character of the literary neotraditionalism as a neoclassic variety of correlation with the cultural tradition. The emphasis is placed not on some particular moments of the creative contact with the “strange word” but on the general axiological motivation of the appeal to the ancestor’s heritage.
Key words: традиция; интертекстуальность; аксиология; классическое; неклассическое; «пушкинская парадигма»; традиционализм; авангард; неотрадиционализм; tradition; intertextuality; axiology; classical; neoclassical; “Pushkin’s paradigm”; traditionalism; vanguard; neotraditionalism
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Literature traditions in the story by O. Ermakov “Variations”
There are considered the literature traditions in the story by O. Ermakov “Variations” through “dialogic relations” between the title and the epigraph.
Key words: литературные традиции; заглавие; эпиграф; Пушкин; Пастернак; Ермаков; literature traditions; title; epigraph; Pushkin; Pasternak; Ermakov
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Рецензия на монографию Л.М. Медведевой «Болезнь в культуре и культура болезни» (Волгоград: Изд-во ВолгГМУ, 2013. 252 с.)
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История и современное состояние даргинской топонимии (рецензия на монографию М.Р. Багомедова «Топонимия Дарга: структурно-семантический аспект» (Махачкала: Изд-во ДагГУ, 2013. 347 с.))
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СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ ТЕНДЕНЦИИ ОБЩЕЙ И РЕГИОНАЛЬНОЙ ОНОМАСТИКИ (заметки о конференции)
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