Архив журнала


«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№4 (127) 2018
2018 г.
Педагогические науки
Linguodidactic bases of the process of students’ sociolinguistic competence formation based on the multimedia educational and methodological set
The article deals with the linguodidactic bases of the process of students’ sociolinguistic competence formation based on multimedia educational and methodological exercises. It presents the approaches and principles as well as exercises that are part of the multimedia educational and methodological set as the main means of formation of sociolinguistic competence.
Key words: социолингвистическая компетенция; комплекс методических средств; комплекс упражнений; подходы и принципы формирования социолингвистической компетенции; sociolinguistic competence; set of methodological tools; set of exercises; approaches and principles of forming sociolinguistic competence
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Use of a pragmalinguistic simulator for the formation of foreign language sociopragmatic competence of philology students
The article deals with the pragmalinguistic simulator and its role in mastering the sociopragmatic material for forming the sociopragmatic competence of philology students. It presents the definition of a simulator, describes the components of the pragmalinguistic simulator allowing primary presentation and complex training of the necessary sociopragmatic knowledge, skills and abilities.
Key words: тренажер; социопрагматическая компетенция; дрилль; обучение студентов-филологов; simulator; sociopragmatic competence; drill; training of philology students
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Formation of communicative tactics in teaching business communication in German
The article deals with business communication in German based on the formation of communicative tactics. The main tactics that are important for mastering the German language at the professional level are under consideration.
Key words: деловое общение; коммуникативная тактика; прагматическая цель; интенция; языковая реализация; межсубъектное взаимодействие; business communication; communicative tactics; pragmatic goal; intention; language implementation; inter-subject interaction
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Discourse as the object of oral receptive translation activity
For a long time, the oral text and its formal and structural characteristics were considered the object of listening in oral interpretation. From the standpoint of modern research in the field of translation studies, cognition, discourse, psychology of verbal activity the object of receptive translation activity is expanded to the concept of discourse as the combination of the process and result of the contextually conditioned activity of partners, including linguistic, paralinguistic, extralinguistic components.
Key words: устный перевод; устная рецептивная переводческая деятельность; объект устной рецептивной переводческой деятельности; дискурс; упражнения для обучения устной рецептивной переводческой деятельности; interpretation; oral receptive translation activity; object of oral receptive translation activity; discourse; exercises for training oral receptive translation activity
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Translation tasks as an exercise to improve the quality of teaching military technical translation at the initial stage
The article deals with the new format of exercises for mastering the translation skills. It presents the basic formats of dealing with the tasks that allow using them as a simulator in the process of teaching military technical translation in a military polytechnic higher school. The methods of using the translation tasks for successful training in professionally-oriented translation are described by the example of the language pair (English - Russian) and the results of the experiment on testing this type of exercises in practical classes are evaluated.
Key words: методология преподавания перевода; военно-технический перевод; преподавание устного и письменного перевода; решение переводческих задач; перевод военных терминов; methodology of teaching translation; military technical translation; teaching of interpretation and translation; solving translation tasks; translation of military terms
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Theoretical foundations of the educational module aimed at the formation of linguocultural competence within the framework of the linguistic education
The article deals with the issue of linguocultural competence formation within the framework of linguistic training in terms of the implementation of the Federal State Educational Standards of Higher Education 3++. The following criteria of the modular principle of construction of the educational program are offered: integration of axiological and culturological approaches; complementarity that allows using the opportunities of psychological and pedagogical disciplines in the course of training; variable components.
Key words: ФГОС ВО 3++; образовательная программа; модуль; лингвокультурная компетенция; лингвистическое образование; Federal State Educational Standards of Higher Education 3++; educational programme; module; linguocultural competence; linguistic education
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Implementation of the subject activity approach in the organization of the practice of future bachelors
The article deals with the essence of the subject activity approach. It substantiates the choice of technology for the organization of the practice of future teachers.
Key words: педагогическая практика; субъектно-деятельностный подход; модульно-рейтинговая технология; pedagogical practice; subject activity approach; module and rating technology
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Readiness of students of Elabuga Institute of Kazan Federal University to pass the standards of the complex “Ready for Labour and Defense”
The article deals with students’ readiness to pass the standards of the complex “Ready for Labour and Defense”. The research results allow the conclusion that it is not easy to pass the standards of the complex “Ready for Labour and Defense”; it requires not only much training, but also the attention and effort of teachers of physical education.
Key words: студент; норматив; готов к труду и обороне (ГТО); спорт; здоровье; student; standard; ready for labour and defense; sport; health
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Formation of aviation higher school cadets’ readiness for flight missions in aerobatics
The article presents the results of the pedagogical experiment aimed at the formation of cadets’ readiness for mastering the aerobatic flights in the subjects “Practical Aerodynamics” and “Aviation Training” by means of electronic educational and training facilities. It deals with the issues of pedagogical diagnostics of the levels of formation of readiness of aviation higher school cadets who study “Flight Operation and Application of Aviation Complexes”. The mathematical tools allow finding the dynamics of formation of cadets’ readiness to master flight missions.
Key words: эксперимент; образ полета; тренажеры; летное обучение; методика; диагностика; experiment; flight image; flight simulators; flight training; techniques; diagnostics
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Contents of teaching the analysis of planimetric tasks in secondary school
The article deals with planimetric tasks and their structure, which consists of three components: static, transforming and graphic. The following stages of skill development are under consideration: adaptation, orientation, stabilization. The article presents the substantial component of teaching students to analyze a planimetric task. The contents are a system of tasks designed in accordance with the structure of the skill.
Key words: планиметрическая задача; анализ условия; умение анализировать условие; методика обучения; planimetric task; condition analysis; ability to analyze the condition; teaching methods
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Regularities of socio-cultural partnership in prevention of children’s troubles
The article presents the results of the theoretical analysis and empirical research, aimed to identify the regularities of socio-cultural partnership in prevention of children’s troubles. The revealed regularities allow determining the optimal mechanisms for training specialists for implementation of socio-cultural partnership in their professional activities.
Key words: социально-культурное партнерство; закономерности социально-культурного партнерства в профилактике детского неблагополучия; socio-cultural partnership; regularities of socio-cultural partnership in prevention of children’s troubles
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Conceptual bases of formation of ecologically friendly behaviour of preschool children in the conditions of the regional innovative platform
The article deals with the issue of ecological education of preschool children in the conditions of functioning of the regional innovative platform in kindergartens. The article presents the concept of environmentally friendly behaviour, describes the conceptual foundations of its formation referring to a child living in the city, in accordance with the requirements of the Federal state educational standard of preschool education.
Key words: экологическое образование; региональная инновационная площадка; экологически сообразное поведение; Федеральный государственный образовательный стандарт; концептуальные основы; дошкольный возраст; ecological education; regional innovative platform; environmentally friendly behavior; Federal state educational standard; conceptual framework; preschool age
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Parent-child relations as a factor of cooperation between a teacher and a family bringing up a disabled child in the system of inclusive education
The article deals with the features of child-parent relations in families raising children with disabilities. It presents the analysis of the most common difficulties of parenthood, understanding and awareness of which can contribute to the process of socialization and initiative activity of teachers in involving families to prepare children for inclusive education.
Key words: инклюзивное образование; детско-родительские отношения; взаимодействие педагога с семьей в образовательном процессе; семья; воспитывающая ребенка с ОВЗ; inclusive education; parent-child relations; interaction of teachers with families in the educational process; family bringing up a disabled child
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Pedagogic support of emotional well-being of a child in a preschool educational organization
The article deals with the issue of a child’s emotional well-being in a preschool educational organization. Based on the analysis of the existing approaches to the definition of emotional well-being of preschool children and its components, it presents the targets and key areas of pedagogic support of a child’s emotional well-being in a preschool educational organization.
Key words: эмоциональное благополучие; педагогическое сопровождение; условия эмоционального благополучия дошкольника; компоненты эмоционального благополучия; emotional well-being; pedagogic support; conditions of emotional well-being of preschool children; components of emotional well-being
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Sports education in private boarding schools of Great Britain as part of the traditional elite education
Great attention to the system of education and the search for new approaches to educating the leaders of Russia’s future in 2018 are no surprise to anyone. The article presents the empirical study of the issue of sports education in private boarding schools in Great Britain as part of the traditional elite educational process.
Key words: воспитание; виды воспитания; организация жизнедеятельности; спортивное воспитание; education; types of education; organization of life; sports education
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Филологические науки
Critical analysis of the concepts of “predication” and “predicativeness” in modern linguistics
The article deals with the correlation of the terms “predication”, “predicative relation / connection”, “predicativeness”. The author describes and gives the critical analysis of the main approaches to the study of these concepts in modern linguistics. The author’s interpretation of the terms “predication” and “predicativeness” in their correlation is given in the article.
Key words: предикация; предикативность; предикативное отношение; вторично-предикативные структуры; предицируемый признак; субъектно-предикатная основа; предмет мысли; predication; predicativeness; predicative relation; secondary predicative structures; predicated sign; subject-predicate basis; subject of thought
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Political phraseological units as a means to express verbal aggression
The article deals with the varieties of political phraseological units and their role in expression of aggression in the political discourse.
Key words: политический дискурс; фразеология; вербальная агрессия; political discourse; phraseology; verbal aggression
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Theatrical metaphor: basic models and functioning spheres
The article deals with functioning of theatrical metaphors in the Russian language and its role in formation of the world picture. Namely, the types of the metaphorical model “X - THEATRE” are under consideration, the reasons for their diversity are analyzed.
Key words: метафорическая модель; театральная метафора; метафорическая картина мира; metaphorical model; theatrical metaphor; metaphorical picture of the world
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Occasional antonomasia in the communicative space of the modern language
It is noted that the process of the occasional nomination is the basis for the formation of visual and expressive means of language / speech, which allows introducing the concept of stylistic occasionalism. The article deals with the stylistic technique of occasional antonomasia, which enhances the elocution and pragmatic expressiveness of a statement, forms a certain assessment, serves as a vivid example of the creative attitude to a word.
Key words: стилистический прием; окказионализм (окказиональная номинация / лексема); стилистическая окказиональность; антономасия; окказиональная антономасия; stylistic device; occasionalism (occasional nomination / lexeme); stylistic occasionalism; antonomasia; occasional antonomasia
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Forensic linguistic expertise: issue of correlation between the wording of legislative norms and the corresponding linguistic terms and concepts
The article presents the analysis of the linguistic component of crimes, carried out by means of speech activity. The issue of adequate correlation of legislative norms with corresponding linguistic concepts is under consideration. The authors note the main tasks of the expert linguistic research within the framework of the considered issue. The set of the linguistic features of the disputed materials necessary for the subsequent law qualification is described.
Key words: Лингво-коммуникативная безопасность; судебная лингвистическая экспертиза; терроризм; linguistic and communicative security; forensic linguistic expertise; terrorism
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Technique of stylization in contemporary media texts (based on youth magazines)
The article deals with the features of stylization in modern youth magazines. The main stylization devices are described (argotism and special jargon units), as well as the magazines where this technique is used most frequently (youth mass media addressed to readers aged 14-17).
Key words: медиатекст; молодежный журнал; прием стилизации; media text; youth magazine; stylization technique
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Linguistic representation of emotional dominants of linguistic culture in modern newspapers
The article deals with the regularities of linguistic ranking of emotional experiences in modern newspaper texts, presents the analysis of the figurative symbolism underlying the meaning of emotive phraseological units. It is revealed that their inner form reflects the process of symbolization of the main components of human physical appearance. The table of frequency of emotive use in newspaper texts proves some prevalence of the language units denoting positive emotions.
Key words: эмоции; психологические доминанты; эмотивность; язык СМИ; соматический код; emotions; psychological dominants; emotiveness; mass media language; somatic code
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Jargons, common parlance and language aggression in television media
The article deals with the results of nine-month observations of the language of television media. The research identified the problem areas related to the jargonization and criminalization of language, use of coarse words and phrases, spreading the language of aggression in TV speech. It is concluded that the danger of using non-literary vocabulary, verbal violence in mass media not only negatively influences an individual, but also negatively affects the worldview of the whole society, which begins to consider cruelty as a norm.
Key words: язык СМИ; телеречь; жаргонизмы; просторечие; языковая агрессия; mass media language; TV speech; jargons; common parlance; language aggression
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Creation of a media image of a political enemy in modern Russian and American mass media: lexical and grammatical aspect
The article deals with the image of a political enemy in the Russian and American media. The authors find out and describe the main lexical and grammatical means of creating a media image of a political enemy in the Russian and American linguistic cultures in the XXI century. It presents the similarities and differences in the use of verbal means by Russian and American media senders aimed to create the image of a political enemy in the mass media of Russia and the USA.
Key words: политический враг; образ врага; медиаобраз; медиадискурс; российские и американские СМИ; лексико-грамматические средства; лингвокультура; political enemy; image of an enemy; media image; media discourse; Russian and American media; lexical and grammatical means; linguistic culture
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Comparison of the expression of the instrumental meaning in the Russian and Chinese languages from the cognitive point of view
The article deals with the expression of the instrumental meaning in the Russian and Chinese languages. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the syntactic position of the instrumental meaning expression in the two languages. The author analyzes the place of the instrumental meaning expression in the Russian and Chinese languages from the cognitive point of view and considers the features of world cognition and the way of thinking of the Russian and Chinese peoples by means of the approach based on the background and figure, and the attentional approach. According to the method of expression of the instrumental meaning, it is clear that the Russian language emphasizes the logical order of abstraction, and Chinese - the chronological sequence of the reality.
Key words: выражения инструментального значения; сопоставление; синтаксическая позиция; когнитивный анализ; expressions of instrumental meaning; comparison; syntactic position; cognitive analysis
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Nominations of the character’s songs in the epos “The Kalevala” with the seme of intellectual activity (based on the Russian and English translations)
The article deals with the lexical and syntactic nominations of one of the main characters of the Karelian-Finnish work of epic poetry “The Kalevala” by Väinämöinen in parallel translations into Russian and English. The nominations characterizing the types of the character’s songs with the seme of the intellectual activity are under consideration in the article. Based on the research, which included the formation of the metalanguage of semantic description, the characteristics of the songs of Väinämöinen in three parallel translations were proposed.
Key words: эпос «Калевала»; лексическая номинация; песенное пространство; компонентный анализ; семантическая асимметрия; метаязык; epos “The Kalevala”; lexical nomination; song space; componential analysis; semantic asymmetry; metalanguage
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Ritual nature of verbal aggression (based on German websites krautchan.net and ernstchan.com)
The article deals with such linguistic phenomenon as the ritual nature of speech aggression, which is an antagonistic verbal behavior that does not offend the addressee. In computer communication the ritual nature is verbalized by various language means - abbreviations, jargons and memetic expressions.
Key words: речевая агрессия; вербальная агрессия; перебранка; саундинг; флейминг; speech aggression; verbal aggression; squabble; sounding; flaming
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Linguistic features of dialects in Austria
The issue of determining the role of dialects and further prospects of their existence in the modern linguistic situation in Austria is still relevant and scientifically important. The article presents the experience of studying three Austrian dialects: Styria, Carinthia and Vorarlberg. Based on modern dialectological sources the phonetic, lexical and grammatical features of these dialects are under consideration. The author makes some conclusions about the prospects of their further development.
Key words: национальная вариативность немецкого языка; австрийский национальный вариант немецкого языка; австрийские диалекты; national variability of the German language; Austrian national variant of the German language; Austrian dialects
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Sentences of signifying identity in modern French
Based on the statement that the semantic structure of words and other linguistic elements is the so-called semantic triangle, it is possible to distinguish three types of sentences of identity: sentences of the nominative, signifying and denotative identity. The article deals with the sentences of signifying identity.
Key words: лексико-грамматическая синонимия; предложения тождества; опущение и замена глагола-связки; транспозиция; субъектно-объектная трансформация; lexical and grammatical synonymy; sentences of identity; omission and replacement of linking verbs; transposition; subject-object transformation
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Synergetic function of verb tenses in French in fiction text organization
The article deals with the synergetic function in the category of tense based on the French fiction discourse. The description of the properties of perception and understanding a text indicates the essential aspects of the system organization of the fiction discourse, as it establishes stable relations between the communicative activities of the recipient (reader) and the fiction text. The way the communicative work affects the reader depends on the sender’s (author’s) idea.
Key words: лингвосинергетика; глагольное время; французский художественный дискурс; linguosynergetics; verb tense; French fiction discourse
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Mutual influence of verbal and non-verbal expressive devices in video texts of French political advertising
The article deals with the verbal and non-verbal expressive devices in creolized French video texts of political advertising. The combinations and mutual influence of verbal and non-verbal expressive devices in the videos of various candidates for the presidency in France in 2017 are under consideration in the article. The rhetoric techniques are graded according to the degree of their influence on the addressee.
Key words: вербальные средства выразительности; невербальные компоненты; паралингвистические средства; видеотекст; видеоклип; креолизованный текст; политическая реклама; verbal expressive devices; nonverbal components; paralinguistic means; video text; video clip; creolized text; political advertising
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Pragmatics of selection of examination texts for reading (based on the state exam in the Russian language in Russia)
The article deals with the criteria of selection of examination texts for the state exam in the Russian language. Based on the analysis of 20 texts, the authors identify five criteria, which include the legal framework of the Ministry of education of the Russian Federation, the psychological and pedagogical features of graduates, genres of a text, the type of the auxiliary text, the relevance of the theme of the text.
Key words: экзаменационный текст; прагматика текста; ЕГЭ; контрольно-измерительный материал (КИМ); вспомогательный текст; exam text; text pragmatics; unified state exam; testing materials; auxiliary text
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Modern historical and literary lecture and scientific ideas of Y.S. Bilinkis
The article presents the author’s understanding of a modern university lecture on the history of literature, which should first of all be problem-focused rather than descriptive and factual. The works of Professor Y.S. Bilinkis are regarded as a scientific source based on this approach (namely his articles on “Woe from Wit” and “Eugene Onegin”).
Key words: лекция; Билинкис; проблемный подход; Грибоедов; Пушкин; lecture; Bilinkis; problem approach; Griboedov; Pushkin
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Structure of the author’s “I” in the lyrics by Gleb Shulpyakov and Maria Stepanova
The article deals with the subject sphere of the lyrics by G. Shulpyakov and M. Stepanova, namely the principle of polyphony, in which the speaker’s “I” falls into two dialogically connected hypostases. The author describes the potential and functions of this “optics” in the works by both authors and concludes that their poetic systems are typologically similar.
Key words: Г. Шульпяков; М. Степанова; «я» и «другой»; субъектная структура; полифония; диалогические отношения в лирике; G. Shulpyakov; M. Stepanova; “I” and “the other”; subject structure; polyphony; dialogue relations in lyrics
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Исторические науки и археология
Impact of victory in the Battle of Stalingrad on the course of World War II
The article presents the data on the losses of the Wehrmacht troops in the Battle of Stalingrad, deals with the role of the Battle of Stalingrad in disrupting the plans to attack the USSR by Turkey and Japan, the international significance of the Battle on the Volga manifested in the activation of the national liberation and anti-fascist movement around the world.
Key words: Сталинградская битва; военное искусство; военная операция; союзники Германии; 6-я армия вермахта; национальное-освободительное и антифашистское движения; международное значение Сталинградской битвы; the Battle of Stalingrad; military art; military operation; allies of Germany; the 6th army of the Wehrmacht; the national liberation and anti-fascist movement; international significance of the Battle of Stalingrad
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The Battle of Stalingrad and the issue of German patriotism
Based on the document analysis and the memories of soldiers and officers of the Wehrmacht who took part in the Battle of Stalingrad, the article is aimed to prove that the outcome of the battle is an important (if not the primary) step of the Germans to abandon their national identity and to understand the value of human life, responsibility for their actions.
Key words: Сталинградская битва; Германия; вермахт; капитуляция; патриотизм; проблема выбора; the Battle of Stalingrad; Germany; Wehrmacht; surrender; patriotism; the problem of choice
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Evacuation of children from frontline areas during the Great Patriotic War (based on the materials of the Stalingrad region)
The article deals with the features of the organization of evacuation of children in rear areas of the country after the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. It shows the role of the central and local authorities in planning and carrying out this work, describes the changes concerning the Soviet legislation in the sphere of childhood protection. Special attention is paid to the processes of saving children from war-torn Stalingrad.
Key words: дети; эвакуация; детские дома; дети-сироты; семья; Сталинград; Великая Отечественная война; children; evacuation; orphanages; orphans; family; Stalingrad; the Great Patriotic War
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Implementation of legislation on awards for mothers with many children in the Stalingrad region in 1945 - early 1950s
The article deals with the legal framework of social protection of mothers with many children and single mothers in 1943 - beginning of the 1950s. It describes the main directions of work of local authorities and the public of the Stalingrad region in this period: payment of state benefits and financial support, awarding of mothers with many children, provision of food and housing, assistance in raising children, health care.
Key words: социальная политика СССР; материнство; Сталинградская область; social policy of the USSR; motherhood; Stalingrad region
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Restoration and development of the material and technical base of the system of physical culture and sports of the Stalingrad region in 1943-1953
The article deals with the sources of financing of the Stalingrad Regional Committee for Physical Culture and Sports. It presents the analysis of the course of restoration of the sports infrastructure in Stalingrad and describes the development of the material and technical base of the Stalingrad region in the postwar period.
Key words: физическая культура; спорт; Сталинградская область; Сталинградская битва; Сталинград; материально-техническая база; physical culture; sport; Stalingrad region; the Battle of Stalingrad; Stalingrad; material and technical base
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The Battle of Stalingrad in Soviet and post-Soviet cinematography
The article deals with the films of the Soviet and post-Soviet periods devoted to the Battle of Stalingrad. It is traced how military and historical feature films reflect the transformation of the collective memory of society about the events which changed the course of the Russian and world history. The authors reveal the potential and significance of this kind of film and photo documents for preserving the historical memory and expanding its social framework.
Key words: Великая Отечественная война; Сталинградская битва; аудиовизуальные источники; игровое военно-историческое кино; историческая память; the Great Patriotic War; the Battle of Stalingrad; audiovisual sources; performance military historical cinema; historical memory
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Development of higher historical education in the Lower Volga region during the Great Patriotic War
The article continues the series of the authors’ publications on the history of the higher historical education and science in the Soviet period. The evolution of the system of the higher historical education in the Lower Volga region during the Great Patriotic War is under consideration. The role of the history faculties and departments, the historians of Saratov, Astrakhan and Volgograd universities in the development of the historical education in the region is analyzed based on various sources. Their importance in formation of the pedagogical cadres of the region is noted.
Key words: историческое образование; Саратовский государственный университет; Сталинградский педагогический институт; Астраханский педагогический институт; historical education; Saratov State University; Stalingrad Pedagogical Institute; Astrakhan Pedagogical Institute
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Stalingrad snipers in the toponymy of Volgograd
The article deals with toponymy as a form of preservation of the historical memory for the younger generation, as a means of the patriotic education. The toponymic system of Volgograd and its streets named after Stalingrad snipers are under consideration. Based on award documents, the article describes the role of snipers in the Battle of Stalingrad.
Key words: Сталинградская битва; снайперы; топоним; историческая память; the Battle of Stalingrad; snipers; place name; historical memory
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Role of the Battle of Stalingrad in development of public diplomacy and formation of friendship societies
The development of public diplomacy in XX century is connected with the attempt of the Soviet Union to emerge from the international isolation and to gain international recognition. The article deals with the activities of the all-Union society of friendship with foreign countries and foreign societies, which reached the climax of their activities during the Battle of Stalingrad, and the work of friendship societies, for which the preservation of the memory of the Battle of Stalingrad became the basis for interaction and rapprochement with other countries.
Key words: народная дипломатия; общества дружбы; Сталинградская битва; public diplomacy; friendship societies; the Battle of Stalingrad
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Development of search movement: legal and regulatory aspect
The article deals with the establishment and development of search movement in Russia through the prism of the legal and regulatory framework. Based on the step-by-step analysis of the regional and federal laws, it shows the change in the attitude of the state to the phenomenon of search movement in the Soviet period, in the 1990s and in the XXI century.
Key words: поисковое движение; поисковый отряд; Вахта Памяти; Великая Отечественная война; закон; search movement; search team; Watch of Memory; Great Patriotic War; law
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