Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№2 (56) 2011
2011 г.
СОВРЕМЕННАЯ ТЕОРИЯ ЯЗЫКА
Reflection as a system organizing factor of lexicon
Reflection is regarded as a lexical and word-formative phenomenon. Derivative homonyms, polysemantemes, synonyms, antonyms, conversions isomorphically or homomorphically reproduce structural and semantic characteristics of derivative units, duplicating, as if reflecting them in their own semantic structures. As a result reflection becomes a strong factor of orderliness and systematization of lexicon.
Key words: reflection; reflected homonymy; reflected polysemy; reflected synonymy; reflected antonymy; reflected conversion
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Autobiographical text: speech strategy as the aspect of language personality realization
There is researched the language personality of a biographical texts author, especially its motivational level. There is analysed the choice of speech strategies as the aspect of realization of the motivational level of the authors language personality. As the basic speech strategies used in the book by J.Welch Jack: Straight From The Gut there are considered the strategies of directing at the receiver and creating the authors image which not only demonstrate special features of a particular language personality but also reflect cultural values of American society.
Key words: language personality; artistic image; autobiographical discourse; speech strategies; motivational level of a language personality
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Confession as a genre and an intention
There are regarded the issues of a confession as one of the genres of religious discourse which contains its distinguishers and main peculiarities. It is considered reasonable to speak not only about the confession genre but also about the presence of different types of confessionary intention in texts that is to some extent wider than a confession. There is revealed and described the number of types of confessionary intention realization in narrative texts.
Key words: religious discourse; genre; confession; confessionary intention; ways of realization
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Reasons for appearance of tautological expressions in speech
There are shown the main reasons for the appearance of tautological expressions in a persons speech. There are revealed four main reasons for which speakers use tautology in speech. In compliance with it, tautological expressions are divided into four groups. There ar
Key words: tautology; speaker; reasons for use; speech mistake; speech intention
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Precedent potential of paroimias as the object of semantic research
There is researched the issue of paroimia status that combines the properties of language and speech units. Discourse aspect of research of paroimia semantics touches upon the issues of describing the inner form of folk aphorisms and the aspect of contextual meaning.
Key words: paroimia; text; discourse; inner form; cognitive structure of a proverb
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Linguistic characteristics of a medical document Medical Report
There is suggested the analysis of a medical document Medical Report. There are analysed the linguistic devices included in it, determined the main linguistic signs of a document as a form of written medical discourse. Discourse, use and understanding of MR terminology depends on the professional and communicative competence of a doctor.
Key words: medical report; medical document; term; medical discourse
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Informational component of documentation management: verbalization of conceptual structure
There is suggested the research analysis of conceptual and terminological apparatus of the informational component of the professional sphere documentation management. The informational component is regarded as a complicated conceptual object that includes three parts: document information, informational resources and informational environment.
Key words: term; terminological system; information; document; documentation management
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ПРОБЛЕМЫ КОГНИТИВНОЙ ЛИНГВИСТИКИ
Perception phenomenon in the light of the linguistic world picture
There is shown the generalized experience of the research of perception phenomenon by means of the English and German linguistic world pictures. The author relies upon the proposition that the interpretation of sensory perception as the phenomenon of mental nature makes the language an important source of information for revealing the essence of perception phenomenon.
Key words: perception; cognitive linguistics; linguistic world picture
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Chinese healer as a linguistic cultural character type
There is analysed the linguistic and cultural character type Chinese healer. There are ascertained the conceptual, figurative and value characteristics of this character type. It is proved that the generalized recognizable personality of a representative of the traditional Chinese medicine has cultural specificity and gets ambivalent assessment in the minds of the modern bearers of the Chinese culture.
Key words: linguistic culture; character type; concept; healer; traditional medicine
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Brief description of the main points of a poetic text cognitive research
There are covered the theoretical issues connected with the development of the cognitive approach to the artistic and poetic text. The poetic world picture is considered as the mental basis for poetic creativity where special knowledge is organized. There is determined the field of knowledge, main elements of conceptualization and basic structural elements of the poetic world picture, suggested the level typology of artistic concepts.
Key words: poetic world picture; artistic concept; cognitive poetics
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СРАВНИТЕЛЬНО-ИСТОРИЧЕСКОЕ, ТИПОЛОГИЧЕСКОЕ И СОПОСТАВИТЕЛЬНОЕ ЯЗЫКОЗНАНИЕ
Complementarity as a cognitive sign of the category of the tragic (based on the German and Russian languages)
The tragic as a polyprofile cognitive structure, a unit of the mental lexicon Memory, along with the comic and absurd, is an element of self-organizing system - paradox. The behaviour of such a system may be described with the help of dynamic unsteady variables - sequence parameters. One of the variable characteristics of the tragic is complementarity (to ordinary consciousness, culture, language), that is expressed in fixed models, social and language practice.
Key words: the tragic; category; sequence parameter; complementarity; language means
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Geortonyms: establishment, tendencies of development and spheres of influence
There is shown the establishment of geortonyms, tendencies of development and spheres of influence in the onomastic field and outside its limits.
Key words: onomastics; geortonyms; nomination model; pseudo-geortonyms; onomasiological sign; transonimization; deonimization
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Intersemiotic translation in the intercultural aspect: statement of the issue
There is regarded the wide approach to the interpretation of the notion of intersemiotic translation in the intercultural aspect and suggested the main directions of interdisciplinary analysis of screening as a type of intersemiotic translation. There are marked out the basic principles of linguistic and semiotic research of screen text as a syncretic semiotic system.
Key words: intersemiotic translation; screen text; linguistic semiotics; screening; intercultural communication
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ПРОБЛЕМЫ РУСИСТИКИ
Symbols of the Cross-worshiping week in the Russian cultural linguistic tradition
There is characterized the notion of the forth week of the Lent fixed in the verbal, text and subject action codes of the Russian folk culture. There is marked out the two-way influence of the language, folklore and customs: as a result of the review of the name Crossworshiping / Midcross week superstitions and forbids appear; under the influence of the folklore lexical facts acquire new motivation.
Key words: verbal code; motivation; folk culture; subject action code; semantics; folk calendar; ethnolinguistics
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Formation of speech and genre competence: age dynamics
There are analysed the research results of revealing the main regularities of individual speech and genre competence formation in the ontogenesis. There is considered the genre originality of childrens speech and shown the genre forms peculiar to a particular stage of language personality development.
Key words: speech and genre competence; discourse; speech genre; ontogenesis
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Pronominal adverbs of local semantics in a language and speech
There are described the pronominal (non-derivative) adverbs as deictic elements of the language. There is researched their outer and inner form, different aspects of locality semantics realized in them; revealed some peculiarities (including national and mental) of the suggested words usage in speech.
Key words: pronominal (non-derivative) adverbs; locality; semantics; deictic; language; speech
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Active word-formative processes in the language of modern journalism
There is regarded the urgent issue of newspaper word formation, analysed the most efficient word-formative models, language mechanisms of their forming. There is also considered the occasional word creation and abbreviations in press. The language of journalism is researched from the position of the cognitive linguistics.
Key words: journalism; language; word formation; word-formative model; expressivity; occasionalism; abbreviation
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Semantics and functioning of communicative elements in the structure of the stories by A.P.Chekhov of 1890s
There is considered the silence and inserted story of a character as the elements of represented communication and analysed their role in the activization of compositional relations of the story and readers perception.
Key words: communication; silence; inserted story; composition; structure; semantics; functioning
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Language situation in the Murmansk region: urgent problems
There are suggested the most urgent problems of the language situation in the Murmansk region, communicative resources of the languages functioning in the region, basic language needs and the needs of the region people in the field of the language education.
Key words: language situation; language needs; communicative resource of the language; language functioning
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Lexical organization of the Russian literature tale in the period of the genre formation (1750 - 1820 ss)
The object of the research is the vocabulary peculiarity of the Russian literature tale in the first period of the genre development. Lexical units are considered from the point of view of the origin, sphere of use, their stylistic properties. The lexical organization of tales is analysed with its genre varieties: poetic tale-novella and prosaic works of the genre - literature versions and folk tale rendering.
Key words: language development; vocabulary; literature tale; genre; style
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Phraseological units of the word combination type in the Old Russian language
There is described the special type of phraseological units in the Old Russian language where there is no subordinating connection between the components of a fixed word combination. Phraseological units of the word combination type in the Old Russian language are formed with different phraseological models and correspond to structurally different combinations of words.
Key words: Old Russian language; phraseological unit; phraseological model; structural unit
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ВОПРОСЫ ГЕРМАНИСТИКИ
Transpositional potentialities of the German verb sein
There is regarded the status of the German verb sein. There are researched the peculiarities of its transposition, as well as functioning of the derivatives in the philosophic context.
Key words: transposition; sein; to be; das Sein; existence
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German modal particles as the means of speech communication optimization
There is suggested the essentially new consideration of the issues of the German modal particles from the position of the deictic theory. There is substantiated the linguistic status and pragmatic specificity of modal particles. There is explained the role of particles as the means of speech communication optimization.
Key words: modal particles; pragmatics; deictic; communication; presupposition; ellipsis
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Names of rulers *þeuđanaz and *đruhtīnaz in the Teutonic language (the experience of semantic reconstruction)
There are suggested the results of semantic reconstruction of three rulers names: þiudans king, Old English ðeoden ruler and dryhten/drihten ruler, king, lord, prince, which are the derivatives of the signs of social peoples groups *þiudo, *druxtiz. There is taken the attempt to reconstruct the meanings of Teutonic *þeuđanaz и *đruhtīnaz.
Key words: semantic reconstruction; etymological analysis; context; parent form
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Structural analysis of telescope neologisms in the modern English language
There are systematized and analysed the structural models of the English telescope neologisms in the printed and Internet publications. The telescopy is considered as a productive way of compressive word formation which not only enlarges the vocabulary but also forms some new word-formative elements.
Key words: compressive word formation; telescopy; telescope neologism; word-formative model
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Functioning of the verbs with the deictic function in the texts of scientific communication in the English language
There is regarded the functioning in the scientific texts of some English verbs which realize the function of the deictic indication. The analysis of such verbs was carried out on the material of authentic linguistic English texts. In the course of the research there was revealed the limited list of verbs able to function in the scientific communication as deictic elements.
Key words: deictic elements; verb; scientific text; antecedent; absolute deictic; partial deictic
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Chronotop of a fiction text for children and cognitive foundations of constructing it (based on the English language)
There is researched the category of chronotop of childs fiction texts at the intersection of two sciences - text linguistics and cognitive linguistics. The mentioned category is shown in the aspect of its cognitive and referential nature.
Key words: child's text; chronotop; referential chain; cognitive; text construction
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АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ ЛИТЕРАТУРОВЕДЕНИЯ
Considering the traditions of E.A.Baratynsky at N.S.Gumilev
There is considered the issue of Baratynskys traditions in the lyric poetry by Gumilev succeeding the principles of poetics and aesthetics of early Russian romanticists.
Key words: "master's poets"; drama; aesthetics of the reality; the ideal
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Laundry (future): about the source of the image in the libretto by Anna Akhmatova to the ballet The Thirteenth Year
There is suggested the critical review of the existing hypotheses that explain the image laundry (future) in the libretto by Anna Akhmatova to the ballet The Thirteenth Year based on the Poem Without a Hero. Besides, there is suggested the explanation of the image referring both to particular reality of the times depicted in the libretto and to cultural context of the epoch, its semiosphere.
Key words: Akhmatova; "Poem Without a Hero"; "Centrifuga"; futurism
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Telegraph as a universal phenomenon in the literature of Russian avant-garde (futuristic vector of development)
There is shown the functioning of the universal phenomenon telegraph in the poetry of the Russian avant-garde of the 1920s (futuristic vector of development). By the examples from the poetic texts there is shown the frequency and vision validity of appealing to this universal phenomenon, as well as different interpretations of its qualification as civilization or culture universal phenomenon in the literature of the avant-garde.
Key words: universal phenomenon; telegraph; avantgarde; futurism
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The memoirs of emigrant writers about the Russian history
There are researched the memoirs of emigrant writers (I.Bunin, Z.Gippius, A.Kuprina, B.Zaitseva) about the historic events of the far and the recent past. The key events of the modern history for memoirists - the revolution of 1917, Civil War in Russia, emigration - are comprehended by the memoirists through the comparison with the Tartar invasion, Time of Trouble; there is emphasized the uncontrollable, spontaneous, destructive character of these crisis epochs.
Key words: memoirs; Russian abroad; comprehension of history and modern times
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Epic thinking in the prose of 1930 - 1950s: mythical and poetic aspect
There is analysed the realization of the epic thinking peculiar for the culture of the 1930-1950s in the myth poetics of the Russian epic prose in the mentioned period. Mythical and poetic characteristics in this type of prose depend on the epic properties and purposes of the text. Mythical and poetic system of the narration is revealed in the recreation of the world picture, epic plot, compositional peculiarities, the final neomyth.
Key words: myth poetics; epic prose; epic thinking; neomyth; final; symbol
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Petersburg as seen by Brodsky: new myth or tradition?
There is researched the issue of Dostoevskys tradition in the creative work of I.Brodsky on the material of Petersburg text.
Key words: text; tradition; image; the principle of double; Brodsky; Dostoevsky; Petersburg
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Synthesis of the vivid and poetic origins in the urbanism lyric poetry by Leonid Martynov
For the first time there is analysed the urbanism lyric poetry by Leonid Martynov from the point of view of the syncretism of poetry and painting, characteristic for futurism of the beginning of the XX century. L.Martynov depicts a city as an integral image of the contemporary world. There is shown that the poets poems to a considerable degree have something in common with the picturesque canvases of the urbanist artists (M.Dobuzhinsky, A.Vasnetsov). There are minutely characterized the following types of landscapes: Moscow (where the city is presented as a personified image); cosmic (show the urbanized image of the Earth); night (show the stereometry of the world); omsk (connected with close sense of history and dynamics of life).
Key words: synthesis; urbanist landscape; futurism; metaphors; painting; cosmism; collage
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The poetics of the plot of A.Doronins novel Shadows of the Bells
There are considered the issues of plot construction of a fiction text. On the material of the novel by A.Doronin Shadows of the Bells there are shown the peculiarities of the plot structure, the role of outof- plot elements in the structure of the text.
Key words: plot; plot construction; out-of-plot elements; descriptions; author's digressions; insert episodes
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Considering the issue of the Buddhist literature of the Kalmyk people in the XX - begginning of the XXI centuries
There is revealed the meaning and place of the Buddhist literature in the book and literary tradition of the Kalmyk people in the XX - begginning of the XXI centuries. There is determined the content of the Buddhist written sources in the Tibetan, Oyrat, Kalmyk and Russian languages popular among the Kalmyk people in the mentioned period, determined the authors.
Key words: Buddhism; literature; canonical works; Oyrat illuminator Zaya-pandita; translation
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Intertextuality in the form of parody in the novel Flight to Canada by I. Reed
Reeds experiments with literary forms showed up that a literary work isnt realitys image but its parody.
Key words: afro-american literature; "Flight to Canada"; postmodernism; parody; slave narratives
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НАУЧНАЯ ЖИЗНЬ. РЕЦЕНЗИИ
Памяти профессора Юрия Викторовича Федосова
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Памяти профессора Давида Наумовича Медриша
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Обучение иностранных студентов в ВГПУ: состояние, проблемы, перспективы развития
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На XII Международной научной конференции «Ономастика Поволжья» в Казани
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Новый частотный словарь русской языковой личности (Баишева З.В. Частотные словари судебных выступлений А.Ф. Кони. Уфа, 2009)
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Рецензия на книгу Саенко Н.Р. «Нигитология культуры (опыт построения)» (Волгоград: Изд-во ВГПУ «Перемена», 2010. 218 с.)
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