Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№1 (76) 2013
2013 г.
The modern theory of language
About the methods of localization of global culture texts
There are given the results of the analysis of the methods of adaptation to the Russian culture of the globally spreading texts of the mass artistic culture. On the basis of the material of the lyrics of the rap-culture and fairy tale films there is revealed that the localization in the sphere of the artistic discourse is implemented at the content, value and formally linguistic levels.
Key words: глобализация; локализация; массовая художественная культура; дискурс; перевод; прецедентный текст; ценности; globalization; localization; mass artistic culture; discourse; translation; precedent-related text; values
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Strategic preferences in the matrimonial discourse: gender aspect
There are described the peculiarities of the com-municative behavior in the initiation of communication depending on the gender. On the basis of the material of the matrimonial discourse there are sorted out two main strategic lines: communicative cooperation and communicative confrontation.
Key words: коммуникативная инициатива; супружеский дискурс; коммуникативная стратегия; межгендерная коммуникация; диалог; communicative initiative; matrimonial discourse; communicative strategy; intergender com-munication; dialogue
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Strategies of refusal to communicate
Based on the practical experience, there are identified the strategies of refusal to communicate and described the tactics used for their realization.
Key words: отказ от общения; межличностная коммуникация; коммуникативный акт; стратегии отказа от общения; тактики отказа от общения; refusal to communicate; intercultural communication; communicative act; strategies of refusal to communicate; tactics of refusal to communicate
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Discourse markers as the means of realization of the cognitive concept in speech
There are summarized the research results of the cognitive organization of the discourse markers as the attributes of discourse, the means of realization of the cognitive concept in speech and as a result the means of concept knowledge access.
Key words: дискурсные маркеры; когнитивность; концепт; концептуализация; аксиология; discourse markers; cognition; concept; conceptualization; axiology
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Polyintentional valuation expressions in the linguistic didactic discourse
There are analyzed the polyintentional valuation expressions that function in the linguistic didactic discourse. There is made the conclusion about their use with the aim of substantiation of new knowledge, argumentation, making it less categorical, impro-vement of the interlocutor’s status, expressing the emotions etc.
Key words: научная коммуникация; лингводидактический дискурс; оценочные высказывания; речевое воздействие; scientific communication; linguistic didactic discourse; valuation expressions; speech impact
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To the issue of semantic shiftin international words
As the result of change in the value guidelines, semantic shifts take place in the international words. It is shown first of all at the connotative level of words, where the language emotive code may be changed.
Key words: язык; культура; оценочная коннотация; семантические сдвиги; эмотивный код языка; language; culture; valuation connotation; semantic shifts; emotive code of language
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Positive and valuation illocutive types of the class of expressives (on the basis of TV advertisements)
There is revealed the mechanism of speech impact on the recipient of positive valuation illocutive types of the class of expressives, such as gratitude, congratulation, greeting, compliment, praise and flattery.
Key words: иллокутивные типы; экспрессивы; позитивная оценка; реклама; реципиент; комп-лимент; похвала; лесть; illocutive types; expressives; positive appraisal; advertisement; recipient; compliment; praise; flattery
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Comparative-historical, typological and comparative linguistics
To the issue of specifying the term “semantic reconstruction”
There is suggested to consider the process of meaning reconstruction as a two-vector model of communication, where each of the participants possesses his/her own set of the most important communicative factors (Thesaurus, Code, Text, Motivation, Situation, etc). The latest should be taken into consideration in finding social meanings in the ancient texts and modeling the ancient meanings that were the means of encoding of these meanings at the old historic period.
Key words: семантическая реконструкция; двухвекторная модель коммуникации; смысл и значение; semantic reconstruction; two-vector model of communication; sense and meaning
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Syntactic representation of the concept “different being (sounding)” of the object in the Russian and the English languages (by the example of the structural schemes “издает звуки (звучит)”, “there is a sound”)
There is considered one of the ways of verbalization of the concept “different being (sounding) of the object” in the Russian and the English languages as the structural schemes “издает звук (звучит)” and “there is a sound”. There is given the English and the Russian illustrative speech material that demonstrates the examples of the use of the described structures.
Key words: концепт; языковая репрезентация; синтаксические средства; структурные схемы; лингвокогнитивный анализ; concept; language representation; syntac-tic means; structural schemes; linguistic cognitive analysis
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Metaphoric representation of the concept “beauty” in the English, Russian and Tatar languages
There are considered the peculiarities of metaphor as the main way of image-bearing verbalization of the concept “beauty” in the English, Russian and Tatar linguistic cultures, which contrastive description allows revealing some common and national features in the considered languages and cultures.
Key words: метафора; образ; образное средство; концепт; красота; metaphor; image; image-bearing means; concept; beauty
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Means of expressing possessive case in the Finno-Ugric languages
There is described the category of belonging in the Finno-Ugric languages, different ways of its expression (by genitive case, personal pronouns, possessive and personal possessive signs, verbs of possession, possessive constructions) and use.
Key words: притяжательность; родительный падеж; лично-притяжательное склонение; притяжательные конструкции; глаголы обладания; possessive case; genitive case; personal possessive declension; possessive constructions; verbs of possession
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Impersonal sentences with semantic meanings of modality and being in the French and the Russian languages in journalistic style texts
There is covered the issue of comparison of impersonal sentences in the French and the Russian languages in journalistic style texts; determined the structural and semantic peculiarities of impersonal sentences in both languages.
Key words: безличное предложение; недискретный (диффузный) субъект; устраненный субъект; семантическая сфера; impersonal sentence; indiscrete (diffusive) subject; eliminated subject; semantic sphere
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Formation of social and political vocabulary in the Kabardino-Circassian language in the 20-50s of the XX century (based on the material of dictionaries and mass media)
There are described the main issues of formation of social and political vocabulary. As the material there are used the first dictionaries and newspapers. There is noted the great discord in spelling of loan-words.
Key words: общественно-политическая лексика; словарь; газета; заимствования; власть; общество; государство; social and political vocabulary; dictionary; newspaper; loanwords; power; society; state
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Lexical peculiarities of the Vagaisky dialect of the Tobolsk and Irtysh dialect of the Siberian Tatars
There are considered the thematic groups through which there is attempted to find out lexical peculiarities of the investigated dialect – the Vagaisky dialect of the Tobolsk and Irtysh dialect of the Siberian Tatars.
Key words: вагайский говор; тоболо-иртышский диалект; сибирские татары; тематические группы; Vagaisky dialect; Tobolsk and Irtysh dialect; Siberian Tatars; thematic groups
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Problems of Russian Studies
Rhetorical traditions of argumentation in “Epistle about Paradise” by Vasily Kalika
There are considered the peculiarities of argu-mentation in “Epistle about Paradise” by Vasily Kalika. There is revealed the deliberate choice of reasons based on Christian sources and eyewitness evidences. The traditions of rhetoric are shown in the descriptions of a disputable issue at the beginning of each part, in arrangement of the arguments starting from the strongest to weaker ones, introduction of eyewitness accounts, strengthening of arguments in the conclusion.
Key words: Василий Калика; «Послание о рае»; система аргументации; риторика; структурный анализ; Vasily Kalika; “Epistle about Paradise”; system of argumentation; rhetoric; structure analysis
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Charter “about acceptance” as a unique variant of Peter’s petition charter
There is analyzed the charter “about acceptance” that contains Peter’s request to the doge of Venetian republic about young Russian nobles who had to study in Europe.
Key words: Россия; Венеция; дипломатическая переписка; грамота; ходатайство; стиль; речевой этикет; Russia; Venice; diplomatic correspon-dence; charter; petition; style; speech etiquette
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Peculiarities of use of communicative strategies and tactics of blame in a fiction text (on the basis of stories by V.M. Shukshin)
There are considered the communicative strategies and tactics of blame, which are the actions directed at the achievement of particular goals, and the ways of realization of valuation semantics (on the basis of stories by V.M. Shukshin), suggested the typology of communicative strategies of blame.
Key words: коммуникативная цель; коммуникативная стратегия; коммуникативная тактика; порицание; оценочность; типология; языковые средства; communicative goal; communicative strategy; communicative tactics; blame; valuation; typology; language means
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Reflection of social and cultural processes in the anthroponomic system of the Kolomensky district in the XX – beginning of the XXI centuries
There is described the anthroponomic space of the Moscow area, in particular personal names of the Kolomensky district in the XX – beginning of the XXI centuries. There is investigated the influence of social and cultural processes on formation and quantitative and qualitative changes of the names of the Kolomensky district in the given period.
Key words: антропонимическое пространство; именник; антропонимический взрыв; имя-творчество; «деревенские» и «городские» имена; христианизация именника; anthroponomic space; names; anthro-ponomic outburst; creation of names; “rural” and “urban” names; Christianization of names
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Peripheral ranks of onyms in linguocultural interpretation (based on textbooks of Russian as a foreign language)
There is considered the ethnic cultural semantics of the peripheral ranks of proper names in textbooks of Russian as a foreign language. There are analyzed the contents of learning texts and commentaries from the point of view of revealing the linguocultural potential of the given group of names. There is given the example of lexicographic description of poreyonym in linguistic culturology.
Key words: лингвокультурология; учебный текст; периферические разряды ономастики; этнокультурная семантика; лексикография; linguistic culturology; learning text; peripheral ranks of onomastics; ethnic cultural semantics; lexicography
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About some types of Don verbal dialecticisms with the meaning of labour work homonymous to literature lexemes
There are analyzed the semantic and syncretic verbal dialecticisms that mean labour work. On the basis of comparison with literary language there are considered the mechanisms of formation of such units.
Key words: донские глаголы со значением трудовой деятельности; семантические и синкретичные диалектизмы; Don verbs with the meaning of labour work; semantic and syncretic dialecticisms
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Вопросы германистики
Semantic reconstruction of the Teutonic form *saljanan (based on the material of the old German translation of the Bible)
There is covered the semantic reconstruction of the old meaning of the Teutonic form *saljanan by means of the consecutive lexicographic and contextual analysis of the Gothic and old English lexemes originating in the given form, further comparison of the received information and verification of the results according to the available historic evidence.
Key words: семантическая реконструкция; древнее значение; праформа; готский язык; древнеанглийский язык; сакральное значение; semantic reconstruction; old meaning; form; the Gothic language; the Old English language; sacral meaning
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Specificity of verbalization of peripheral arguments of frame structures of reflecting the situations in mental sphere in the linguistic mind of the German language bearers
From the positions of the complex approach there are considered the models of sentences with the mental semantics. There are found out three types of arguments to semantic predicates: basic (core) components, peripheral, additional. There is revealed the specificity and paradigm of superficial realization of peripheral arguments of situations in the mental sphere.
Key words: периферийный аргумент; фрейм; пропозиция; ситуации ментальной сферы; носитель немецкого языка; peripheral argument; frame; proposition; situations of the mental sphere; German language bearer
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German phraseological units as the means of verbalization of emotions
There is considered the issue of linguistic objectification of emotions in the German language. Based on the material of the German language, there is revealed the group of German phraseological units that verbalize different emotions – positive, negative and ambivalent.
Key words: мышление; язык; речь; эмоции; эмотиология; лексика; фразеологизм; thinking; language; speech; emotions; emotiology; vocabulary; phraseological unit
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Gender peculiarity of the linguistic cultural character type “English vicar”
There are considered the gender peculiarities of the linguistic cultural character type “English vicar” as a constituent part of its figurative characteristics, determined the gender specificity of the character type.
Key words: лингвокультурный типаж; концепт; викарий; гендер; linguistic cultural character type; concept; vicar; gender
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Hyperbola and comparison as the ways of language realization of the concept “love” in the creative work by R. Burns
There is described the hyperbola and comparison as the ways of language realization of the concept “love” on the material of the most famous poems by R. Burns. There is suggested the interpretation of the most important fragments of these works that fix the perceptive and figurative and value component of the given concept.
Key words: вербализация; индивидуально-авторский концепт; образ; гипербола; метафора; сравнение; ценностный компонент концепта; verbalization; individual author’s concept; image; hyperbola; metaphor; comparison; value component of the concept
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Actual problems of literary criticism
Energetics of name in biographic virtual formation
There is considered the phenomenon of the onomastic “play” in the virtual space of culture connected with the biography, creative life and personal originality of Varlam Shalamov and Salvador Dali. There is aroused the issue of intensification of theoretic and methodological postulates of the traditional biographic method in literature studies, widening of its heuristic potential.
Key words: биография; биографический метод; ономастика; виртуализация; вероятностная логика; судьба; характер; biography; biographic method; onomastics; virtualization; probability logic; fate; character
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To the issue of typological convergences of the Russian and the Spanish literatures: L. Andreev and M. de Unamuno in the context of the epoch of the turn of the XIX – XX centuries
There is attempted to find out the reasons for convergences of the typological type of the Russian and the Spanish literatures of the turn of the XIX – XX centuries by the example of comparison of original variants of the humanistic pre-existentialism of a psychologic type in the creative work of the founder of the movement “generation 98” Miguel de Unamuno and Leonid Andreev, the founder of the Russian expressionism.
Key words: экзистенциализм; типологические соответствия; Унамуно; Леонид Андреев; потерянное поколение; аналогия; expressionism; typological accordance; Unamuno; Leonid Andreev; lost generation; analogy
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Landscape in the novel by F.M. Dostoevsky “Crime and Punishment” as potential allusion on “The Divine Comedy” by Dante
There is illustrated the functional resemblance of the landscape in “The Divine Comedy” by Dante Alighieri and “Crime and Punishment” by F.M. Dostoevsky. There is traced the idea of a devilish town in the implication of the Russian novel through frequent repetition of the morpheme “non-” in the words of different parts of speech.
Key words: «Божественная комедия»; «Преступление и наказание»; пейзаж; образ; аллюзия; “The Divine Comedy”; “Crime and Punishment”; landscape; image; allusion
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Influence of social and political situation in China on humorous texts (by the example of the Chinese humorous genre “xiangsheng”)
There are described the main historical stages of formation of the Chinese variety humorous genre “xiangsheng”. There are revealed the linguostylistic peculiarities of humorous texts at each stage. There is traced the correlation of social and political situation in China and the character of humorous texts of the “xiangsheng” genre.
Key words: китайский юмористический жанр «сяншэн»; юмор; цензура; коммунизм с китайской спецификой; лингвокультура; Chinese humorous genre “xiangsheng”; humour; censorship; communism with Chinese specificity; linguistic culture
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Ethnic culture of the people of the North Caucasus in literary works of the domestic press
There are analyzed the genres of fiction included into the magazines “Smena” and “Peoples’ Friendship”. There are found out the new ways of reflection of the national culture in mass media.
Key words: литературные традиции; интеграционные связи; журналистика; национальная культура; literature traditions; integration relations; journalism; national culture
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Вопросы изучения русской литературы
Spiritual and religious essence of searching of Olga Ilyinskaya, the character of the novel by I.A. Goncharov “Oblomov”
There are revealed the reasons for spiritual crisis of Olga Ilyinskaya, the character of the novel by I.A. Goncharov “Oblomov”. There is emphasized that the character’s searching is caused by inner reasons in spite of the literature tradition to determine her actions and emotional experiences by social factors.
Key words: И.А. Гончаров; Ольга Ильинская; Штольц; роман; героиня; тоска; православие; I.A. Goncharov; Olga Ilyinskaya; Stoltz; novel; character; melancholy; orthodoxy
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Centre, border and explosion: semiotic and semantic territory of the novel by A. Belyi “Petersburg”
There is considered the semiotic structure of the relations of the main characters of the novel “Petersburg”. Based on the novel, there is analyzed the role and the mechanism of such notions as “centre”, “border”, “periphery”, “explosion”
Key words: семиосфера; нелинейность; взрыв; граница; центр; периферия; semiosphere; non-linearity; explosion; centre; periphery
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Occurrence as a factor of conflict escalation in the prose by V.P. Krapivin
There is characterized the role of occurrence in development of synthetic unity of personal and interpersonal conflicts in the works by V.P. Krapivin. This phenomenon is considered from two sides: 1) the case that transforms into fatality that implies high concept, 2) the way of expressing freedom of the author’s voice in all (fantastic and realistic) plans of narration.
Key words: В.П. Крапивин; психология конфликта; случай; фантастика; проза; герой-под-росток; V.P. Krapivin psychology of conflict; occurrence; fantasy; prose; teenager character
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Symbolic meaning of Arcana Taro in the novel by Boris Poplavsky “Apollo Bezobrazov”
There is considered the symbolic meaning of the cards Taro in the novel by Boris Poplavsky “Apollo Bezobrazov”. First of all there is traced the connection with the unique alphabet of cards with the images of the main characters of the novel.
Key words: проза Поплавского; карты Таро; мотив; образ героя; русская эмиграция; prose by Poplavsky; cards of Taro; motive; character’s image; Russian emigration
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Considering the issue of paternity in the image of head of state in women’s prose of the end of XX – beginning of XXI centuries
There is considered the realization of the idea of paternity in the image of head of state. Family models are projected on social relations. There is proved that woman authors analyze the reasons for crisis of paternity idea and emphasize the premises of transformation of the model “Father” into the model “Antifather” (false father).
Key words: идея отцовства; лидер государства; кризис отцовства; гендерные стереотипы; женская проза; Отец; Антиотец; idea of fatherhood; head of state; crisis of fatherhood; gender stereotypes; woman’s prose; Father; Antifather
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Вопросы изучения зарубежной литературы
Main principles of the comedies by L. Tieck
There are covered the main aspects of the comedies by L. Tieck, among which it is necessary to emphasize the great role of the category of the marvelous, the method of “scene on the scene” and the tendency for mockery. There is shown how the traditions of Aristophan, Shakespeare and other playwrights are interpreted in Tieck’s comedies in the light of romantic aesthetics that determines their innovatory nature.
Key words: Тик; комедия; драма; ирония; пародия; йенский романтизм; Tieck; comedy; drama; irony; parody; Jena romanticism
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Possible worlds in the modern French fiction (based on the works by E. Schmitt)
There are considered the main points of the theory of possible worlds in the modern French linguistic school, as well as its use in the interpretation and the analysis of the prosaic works by Eric-Emmanuel Schmitt as one of the representatives of the French literature of the XXI century.
Key words: возможные миры; полиреферентность; мысленное перенесение; текстовый мир; possible worlds; polyreference; mental transformation; text world
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Metaphysical poetry and transpersonal experience (based on the creative work by I.A. Fainfeld)
There is characterized the metaphysical poetry, the constituent part of which is transpersonal experience. As the examples of the Russian metaphysical poetry there is quoted F.I. Tutchev, A.A. Blok, O.E. Mandelshtam. There is proved that the creative work by a famous Far Eastern poet I.A. Fainfeld continues the traditions of metaphysical poetry.
Key words: метафизическое; метафизическая поэзия; трансперсональное; трансперсональный опыт; русская поэзия; сознание; образ; мотив; традиция; metaphysical; metaphysical poetry; trans-personal; transpersonal experience; Russian poetry; consciousness; image; motive; tradition
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Научная жизнь. Хроника
Иван Григорьевич Долгачёв (1913 – 1999): к столетию со дня рождения
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На XIII конференции поволжских ономатологов
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VI Международная конференция Российской коммуникативной ассоциации «Коммуникация в изменяющемся мире» (Красноярск, Сибирский федеральный университет, 27–29 сентября 2012 г.)
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Рецензия на радиопередачу о русском языке и культуре «Слово правит миром» (Радио «Русский мир»)
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