Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№5 (90) 2014
2014 г.
СОВРЕМЕННАЯ ТЕОРИЯ ЯЗЫКА
Functioning of a term in an individual mind
There is considered the psycholinguistic approach to the research of a term as the means of individual mind approach. There are analyzed the results of the free associative experiment with marking out the strategies of term identification. There is represented the quantitative analysis and qualitative interpretation of the chain associative experiment with detection of the structure of associative fields of future specialists and non-specialists based on the professional and ordinary contexts.
Key words: термин; сознание индивида; профессиональный образ мира; испытуемые; стимул; реакция; стратегия; term; individual mind; professional image of the world; participants of the experiment; stimulus; reaction; strategy
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Functioning of manipulative statements in the modern Russian legislation
There are analyzed the constructive peculiarities of new terminological units in the Russian legislation. There is considered the issue of manipulation and manipulative potential of juridical terms. There are determined the most frequent reasons for this phenomenon, researched some typical examples of manipulative statements.
Key words: юридическая терминология; юридический дискурс; законодательный дискурс; язык права; манипуляция; манипулятивный потенциал; juridical terminology; juridical discourse; legislative discourse; language of law; manipulation; manipulative potential
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Text types of representation of indirect nomination referent
There are described some peculiarities of construction of the referent image based on the revealed possibility of direct and indirect nomination.
Key words: непрямая номинация; образ референта; конструирование; базовые и семейные категории; степени репрезентации; indirect nomination; referent image; construction; basic and family categories; levels of representation
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Experience of structure description of zooconcepts in military slang
There is given the conceptual analysis of slang words with the components - animals and birds names with the general meaning “aerotechnics”. There are analyzed various zooconcepts with the aim to reconstruct the cognitive themes.
Key words: концепт; когнитема; метафора; специальный сленг; concept; cognitive theme; metaphor; special slang
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Stickers as visual reflection of football fans’ slogans
There is described the visual reflection of football fans’ speech activity. There is regarded such a sort of street art as stickers. There is represented the typology of the “slogans of visual type”: club, personal, positional, agitation etc. There are considered some peculiarities of the phenomenon - firstly the location principle.
Key words: стикеры; футбол; кричалки; фанаты; классификация; мимикрия; stickers; football; slogans; fans; classification; mimicry
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ДИСКУРСИВНО-КОММУНИКАТИВНОЕ ОПИСАНИЕ ЯЗЫКА
Family communication: father’s role and its verbal realization
There is researched one of the main family roles - father’s role. By the authentic material there are revealed the strategies and tactics typical for this role, analyzed their verbal realization. There is emphasized the role of family speech creation as one of the factors in prevention of communicative failures and conflicts in communication between father and child.
Key words: русский язык; семейное общение; роль отца; разговорная речь; the Russian language; family communication; father’s role; spoken language
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Ecology of the marital discourse
There are described the communicative means of the emotional unison support in the marital dialogue as one of the significant issues in the modern theory of linguistic ecology of interpersonal communication.
Key words: супружеский дискурс; эмоциональность; эмотивность; коммуникация; тональность; marital discourse; emotionality; emotiveness; communication; tonality
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Politeness as the factor of interpreter’s communicative behavior
There is considered interpreter’s polite communicative behavior as a component of effective interlanguage communication. There is suggested the analysis of strategies and tactics of communicative behavior of a professional interpreter in a particular situation of intercultural and interlanguage communication.
Key words: вежливость; стратегии и тактики общения; коммуникативное поведение переводчика; межъязыковая интеракция; politeness; strategies and tactics of communication; interpreter’s communicative behavior; interlanguage interaction
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Discursive construction as theoretical knowledge
There is argued that the relationships between discourse and societal structures are often indirect and highly complicated. Proceeding from this assumption there is raised the issue of discursive world construction as part of social world construction uncovering the way our everyday world and its phenomena, as well as imaginary and fictional worlds are discursive constructs.
Key words: дискурсивное конструирование; дискурсивный мониторинг; когнитивный сценарий; discursive construction; discursive monitoring; cognitive scenario
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Tribute of memory as a speech genre: linguopragmatic aspect
As a genre of thanatological discourse, which is a component of the ritual discourse, there are characterized the funeral orations. Based on the mourning orations for the death of English and American statesmen there are thoroughly considered the structural and pragmatic signs of the genre.
Key words: надгробная речь; ритуальный дискурс; танатологический дискурс; текст; funeral oration; ritual discourse; thanatological discourse; text
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СРАВНИТЕЛЬНО-ИСТОРИЧЕСКОЕ, ТИПОЛОГИЧЕСКОЕ И СОПОСТАВИТЕЛЬНОЕ ЯЗЫКОЗНАНИЕ
Concept “modesty” in the Russian and Chinese linguistic cultures: comparative linguistic cultural analysis
There are covered the issues of the comparative linguistic culture studies, scientific and methodological aspects of linguistic cultural knowledge in the process of teaching Russian as a foreign language. The subject of research is the concept “modesty” in the Russian and the Chinese linguistic cultures, the research basis are synonymic lines and paremies in the two linguistic cultures, the results of the associative experiment.
Key words: сопоставительная лингвокультурология; русский язык как иностранный; паремия; концепт; концептуальный код; comparative linguistic culture studies; Russian as a foreign language; paremy; concept; conceptual code
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Associative properties of linguistic concepts “good” and “evil” in the Russian and French languages: free associative experiment results
There are analyzed the results of the free associative experiment of the 2010-2013 that revealed the peculiarities of associative perception of the elements of axiological paradigm by Russian and French native speakers. There are described the elements of linguistic mind with detection of the socially significant lexical contents of the axiological fragments of the concept sphere of the Russian and French ethnos.
Key words: ассоциативный эксперимент; дихотомия «добро - зло»; аксиология; тезаурус; языковая личность; associative experiment; dichotomy “good - evil”; axiology; thesaurus; language personality
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Semantics of the ergative form of the Ingush personal pronoun
There is made the attempt of semantic substantiation of the Ingush ergative. The dichotomy of the first person is interpreted in the terminals of intentionality, intensionality. The two forms of the first person, at the superficial level represented as nominative and absolutive and ergative forms of the name, are substantiated at the deep level by the conceptual category of postulation characteristic for the ergative in the synchronous section of the language.
Key words: эргатив; дейксис; «лицо говорящее»; «лицо произносящее»; интенциональность; антецедент; интенсиональность; консеквент; ergative; deixis; speaker; pronouncer; intentionality; antecedent; intensionality; consequent
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Appellatives used with proper nouns
There are considered the functions and types of common nouns that are used with proper nouns in a text. In particular, there are analyzed the ethnonyms and various complex names.
Key words: имена собственные; комплексные наименования; функции; художественный текст; proper names; complex names; functions; fiction text
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ПРОБЛЕМЫ РУСИСТИКИ
Linguistic cultural peculiarities of verbalization of the phraseological opposition “wealth - poverty” in the Don dialects
Based on the dialectal material there are considered the linguistic cultural peculiarities of implementation in linguistic mind of dialect bearers of the phraseological semantic opposition “wealth - poverty”. There is represented the linguistic cultural analysis of phrasal units that reflect all the points of people’s perception of wealth and poverty.
Key words: диалект; семантическая оппозиция; диалектная фразема; лингвокультурология; dialect; semantic opposition; dialect phrasal unit; linguistic culture
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Extra linguistic foundation of the modern Kuban dialects study: steadiness and changeability of the basic parameters
There are considered the basic parameters of formation of the extra linguistic foundations of the modern Kuban dialects study. There is substantiated the necessity of linguistic and geographical zoning of the territory of the Kuban dialect spreading with the aim to optimize the research.
Key words: кубанский диалект; лингвогеографическая зона; экстралингвистическая база изучения говоров; критерии отбора информантов; the Kuban dialect; linguistic and geographical zone; extra linguistic foundations of the dialects study; criteria of informants selection
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Names of solemn events from the point of language fashion
Based on the names of festivals, competitions, exhibitions etc. there are analyzed the tendencies of creation of peripheral onomastic units from the point of language fashion.
Key words: геортоним; рекламное имя; языковая мода; языковая игра; заимствование; аббревиация; geortonym; advertisement name; language fashion; pun; loanword; abbreviation
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Cultural connotation in semantics of fixes expressions
There is considered the cultural connotation implemented in the semantics of fixed comparisons through evaluative and figurative components of meaning.
Key words: культурная коннотация; устойчивые сравнения; коннотативное значение; языковая единица; cultural connotation; fixed comparisons; connotative meaning; linguistic unit; cultural connotation; fixed comparisons; connotative meaning; linguistic unit
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History of creation of the Academic dictionary of the Russian language as the reflection of the “totalitarian” linguistics
There is considered the history of creation of the Academic dictionary of the Russian language in the USSR of the totalitarian period. Based on the narrative approach to linguistic and historiographic description, there is traced the influence of the social paradigm on the linguistic one, which appears in a number of discursive experiences of the “totalitarian” linguistics.
Key words: «тоталитарная» лингвистика; словарь; лингвистическая парадигма; кодификация; идеология; “totalitarian” linguistics; dictionary; linguistic paradigm; codification; ideology
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Semantic changes of deviational character of the Russian language vocabulary in the XIX-XXI centuries (based on the epistolary works by A.S. Pushkin)
There are characterized some lexical and semantic changes of the Russian language in the XIX-XXI centuries. There are thoroughly considered the semantic transformations of deviational type that cover the most of the lexemes.
Key words: лексико-семантическая система языка; семантические изменения слова; семантическая структура слова; девиационные преобразования; lexical and semantic system of the language; semantic changes of a word; semantic word structure; deviational transformations
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ВОПРОСЫ ГЕРМАНИСТИКИ
Parenthetical clauses as the means of evidence expression in German mediatexts
There are analyzed the functioning peculiarities of parenthetical clauses as the expressive means for one of evidence meanings - retelling - in German mediatexts. The analysis shows that parenthetical clauses are one of the most diverse markers of retelling. There are revealed the construction types, determined their use frequency and their collocations with the conjunctive mood of indirect speech.
Key words: эвиденциальность; пересказывательность; цитатив; вводные предложения; немецкий язык; медиатекст; evidence; retelling; quotations; parenthetical clauses; the German language; mediatext
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Expressive means of relative future in indirect speech
Based on the media texts there are analyzed the grammar means of expression of relative future in the German indirect speech: Future I and Present Conjunctive, Conditionals I and Past Conjunctive, Future I and Present Indicative. There are researched the peculiarities of competition between these forms. There are described the factors that favour the choice in the indirect speech.
Key words: немецкий язык; тексты прессы; косвенная речь; относительное будущее; футур I и презенс конъюнктива; кондиционалис I и претерит конъюнктива; футур I и презенс индикатива; the German language; media texts; indirect speech; relative future; Future I and Present Conjunctive; Conditionals I and Past Conjunctive; Future I and Present Indicative
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Лингвопоэтические средства описания поступков персонажа (на материале пьесы Б. Шоу «Пигмалион»)
There are considered the linguistic and poetic means of the character’s actions description by the example of Henry Higgins’ image in the play by Bernard Shaw “Pygmalion”. There is shown that in the actions it is possible to find out the characteristic features and traits of the character. The analysis is based on the most meaningful artistic and compositional, verbal means.
Key words: лингвопоэтика; драма; образ персонажа; поступки персонажа; Генри Хиггинс; linguistic poetics; drama; character’s image; Henry Higgins
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АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ ЛИТЕРАТУРОВЕДЕНИЯ
A.A. Fet about the novel by N.G. Chernyshevsky “What is to Be Done?”: experience of commentary to commentaries
There is considered the article by A.A. Fet about the novel by N.G. Chernyshevsky “What is to Be Done?” literary attention to which is the reason for interpretation of the poet’s critical thoughts. These thoughts need additional clarifications and originate the research genre “commentary to commentaries”.
Key words: роман «Что делать?»; эстетика; поэзия; комментарий; В.П. Боткин; Вл. С. Соловьев; В. Консидеран; Ш. Фурье; novel “What is to Be Done?”; aesthetics; poetry; commentary; V.P. Botkin; V.S. Soloviov; V. Considerant; Ch. Fourier
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Death by incarnated word in the story by F. Sologub “Worm”
There are considered the peculiarities of verbal figurativeness in the story by F. Sologub “Worm”, which is based on the destructive potential of a word characterized as death by word or killing by word. By the example of transformation of the carnival word in the story “Worm” there is substantiated the thesis about anticarnival world view in carnival categories as the idea dominant of the decadent prose.
Key words: декадентская проза; словесная образность; карнавальная традиция; воплощение слова; плоть; мотив умерщвления словом; decadent prose; verbal figurativeness; carnival tradition; word incarnation; flesh; motive of killing by word
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Pro et contra of psychologism: “Notes of the Young Doctor” by M. Bulgakov
There is made the attempt of non-traditional consideration of the psychologism in the early M.A. Bulgakov’s works. Not denying the significance of the analytical origins in describing the inner world of the characters there is proved that Bulgakov’s antipsychologism includes high positive sense with extreme conditions reflected in the autobiographical stories by the writer.
Key words: литературный характер; художественный психологизм; личность; автобиографизм; психологическая модель поведения; literature character; artistic psychologism; personality; autobiography; psychological model of behavior
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Concept “anguish” in the poetic idiolect by M. Tsvetaeva
There are researched the changes in the semantic structure of the word “anguish” in the poetic idiolect by M. Tsvetaeva. In the process of the analysis there is stated that the shift in the meaning of the lexeme depend on evaluation of the poetic gift as the essential component of a personality. There is proved that Tsvetaeva’s perception of anguish is opposed to the usual.
Key words: тоска; идиолект; семантический сдвиг; поэт; anguish; idiolect; semantic shift; poet
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Image of “prodigal son” in the works by L. Panteleev about homeless children
There is considered the reflection of the archetype “prodigal son” in the works by L. Panteleev about homeless children. There is shown how the heroes, like the evangelical prodigal son, coming across the sequence of ordeals and mistakes, gradually approach the heavenly fair prototype, returning to the social and moral standard.
Key words: архетип; притча; грех; раскаяние; соборность; archetype; parable; sin; repentance; sobornost
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Image of the main character of the novel “Without Mercy” in the context of the literature characterology of Y.V. Bondarev
There is analyzed the novel by Y.V. Bondarev “Without Mercy” in the aspect of the issue of moral choice typical for the writer’s prose. There is emphasized the spiritual evolution of the novel’s main character, whose moral search are typical for Bondarev’s literature characterology.
Key words: проза Ю.В. Бондарева; роман «Без милосердия»; литературный контекст; характерология; духовные искания; нравственный выбор; prose by Y.V. Bondarev; novel “Without Mercy”; literature context; characterology; spiritual search; moral choice
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Visual apperception of space in the Russian poetry of the second half of the XX century
Within the anthropological model of age space by the example of the creative work by A. Tarkovsky and I. Lisnyanskaya there is considered the dynamics of visual apperception of the world picture of the second half of the XX century.
Key words: топос; антропологическое пространство; апперцепция; визуальное восприятие; topos; anthropologic space; apperception; visual perception; topos; anthropologic space; apperception; visual perception
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Diffusion of I and the Other: intersubjectivity in the lyrics by Aleksey Tsvetkov
There is researched the subjective structure of the lyrics by A. Tsvetkov by the example of the poems of the 1970-1980s. The statistic analysis of the expressive forms allows considering the lyrical I as the determining type of subjectivity and making the conclusion about statement of the prior positions of the Other.
Key words: Цветков; субъектная структура; интерсубъектность; «я» и «другой»; лирическое «я»; сверх-я; Tsvetkov; subject structure; intersubjectivity; I and Other; lyrical I; over-I
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Plots and motives of Chinese later prosaic tales
There is considered the specific phenomenon of the traditional Chinese culture: later prosaic tale pingshu. There is briefly described the history of pingshu and the compositional peculiarities of the tale, revealed their relations with literary, legendary and folklore sources.
Key words: Китай; сказительство; Пу Сунлин; Чэнь Шихэ; фольклорные типы и мотивы; China; tales; Pu Songling; Chen Shihe; folklore types nad motives
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ХРОНИКА. РЕЦЕНЗИИ
Рецензия на монографию А.В. Олянича, Ю.В. Реймер «Лингвосемиотика вакхического дискурса: немецко-русские параллели» (Волгоград: Волгогр. ГАУ, 2013. 180 с.)
Key words:
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Донскаягидронимия в полном объёме (рецензия на книгу:Отин Е.С. Гидронимия Дона: моногр.: в 2 т. Донецк: Юго-Восток, 2011, 2012.Т. 1: Верхний и Средний Дон. 575 с. Т. 2: Нижний Дон. 792 с.)
Key words:
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