Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№5 (59) 2011
2011 г.
СОВРЕМЕННАЯ ТЕОРИЯ ЯЗЫКА
Autonomination in corporate languages of the youth: form and content
There is researched the autonomination in corporate languages of the youth. There are revealed the possibilities of linguistic implementation of the idea through personal self-identification in the Internet nickname.
Key words: youth subculture; corporate languages; autonomination; Internet nickname
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Language policy: definition and characteristics
There is analyzed the definition of the language policy. There are given the different definitions of the notion, suggested the main characteristics of the language policy of France regarding the French language, sorted out in accordance with its purposes. There are described the stages of language policy realization.
Key words: language policy; language status; language structure; regional language; sociolinguistics
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Administrative discourse: institutional characteristics
There are considered the signs of administrative discourse as a special variety of institutional communication. There are ascertained three main characteristic features of administrative discourse: 1) legitimacy of communication of its participants (administrator - subordinate); 2) authoritative and subordinating communication character; 3) functional structure of this communication is planning, organization, motivation, control, assessment.
Key words: institutional discourse; administrative discourse; sender of administrative discourse; business discourse
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A testimonial in different types of discourse
There are considered the peculiarities of the speech genre testimonial in different types of discourse of institutional communication, and suggested the classification of testimonials by functional sign on the basis of 410 examples in the Russian, English and French languages.
Key words: discourse; speech genre; business communication
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Crime happening: signs and presentation
Crime happening is regarded as the correlation of the reference, model and narrative happenings. There are analyzed the signs of the reference and model happenings and their realization in accordance with the logic of narrative scheme in the discourse of legal proceedings.
Key words: reference happening; model happening; narrative happening; crime
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Language algorithms in the light of culture history
There are described the reasons for preformants of Indo-European root use. There are put forward some hypotheses regarding this phenomenon.
Key words: preformants; taboo; semantic rules
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Syntactic anomalies as the means of semantic self-organization of the language
There are researched the regularities of the origin and functioning of syntactic anomalies in the English language. There are enumerated the main types of discovered syntactic anomalies and described the ways of solving semantic contradictions in meaning structures of syntactic anomalies.
Key words: syntactic anomalies; self-organization of meanings system; linguistic synergy; semantic modifications
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Peculiarities of early sermons of mendicant orders
There are analyzed the Franciscan and Dominican tendencies of a sermon at the initial stage of its existence. It reveals the specific peculiarities of each of the mentioned directions, which are determined by goals and objectives set by the orders, as well as a creative method by some separate preachers. As a result, there appears the general context and some sort of prehistory of the Italian medieval sermon.
Key words: Italian literature of the Middle Ages; poetics of sermon; mendicant orders
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Receptive aspect of a phonetic accent
There is regarded the receptive aspect of bilinguals phonetic accent. There is suggested the review of theoretical literature on this range of problems, analyzed the experiment results in perception of separate words that contain the realizations of the English consonants by English and Russian auditors.
Key words: accent; receptive accent; perception; auditors; consonants
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СРАВНИТЕЛЬНО-ИСТОРИЧЕСКОЕ, ТИПОЛОГИЧЕСКОЕ И СОПОСТАВИТЕЛЬНОЕ ЯЗЫКОЗНАНИЕ
Nominations of emotions and nominations of colour in fiction texts
Based on the materials of Russian and German fiction texts there is discussed the issue of combinatory power of nominations of emotions and colourlexemes. There are revealed their compatible possibilities and ethnic cultural specificity in the Russian and German languages.
Key words: concept; concept sphere; emotion; colourlexeme; epithet; combinatory power; connotation
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Earth as a linguistic cultural concept of the mental world of the Kalmyk
There is characterized one of the basic concepts of Kalmyk linguistic culture - Earth. There are revealed its conceptual, figurative and value signs; stated the high value status of the concept for Kalmyk world picture.
Key words: concept; linguistic culture; value; assessment
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Russian proverbs at the background of Estonian ones: considering the concept of thematic linguistic and culturological dictionary
There is shown the issue of bilingual lexicographical representation of proverbs in linguistic and culturological aspect. According to the authors conception, ethnic and cultural specificity of proverbs is reflected by means of their thematic classification, signs of similarities and differences of figurative structures and commenting of culture-determined components
Key words: proverb; bilingual lexicography; thematic dictionary; interlingual equivalent; linguistic and culturological commentary
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Nicknames in school communication: communicative, pragmatic and motivational models
On the basis of the analysis of Russian and American nicknames, there are sorted out the communicative, pragmatic and motivational models. There is made the conclusion about the universality of the considered nicknames in school communication.
Key words: nickname; communicative and pragmatic model; motivational model; naming subject; addressee
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Discursive and communicative approach to modeling of translation process
There are described some separate models of translation and the main points of the authors discursive and communicative translation model, according to which linguistic peculiarities and discursive characteristics of the initial text, main points and constitutive signs of discourse, functions, typical properties and communicative strategies determine translation methods, form translation microstrategies at the text level and translation macrostrategies at the discourse and communication level.
Key words: discursive and communicative translation model; translation strategy; translation model; institutional discourse; interdiscursiveness; communicative strategy
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ПРОБЛЕМЫ РУСИСТИКИ
Communicative ideal in the Russian language world picture
There is regarded the notion language world picture and analyzed some experimental data in research of the Russian communicative ideal peculiarities, which appears as a mental (cognitive) image of the ideal interlocutor in the linguistic mind of a Russian person.
Key words: world picture; language world picture; cognitive world picture; concept; psycholinguistic experiment
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Damaged forest nominating in dialects of the Volgograd region (linguistic and geographic research and information technologies)
There are characterized the modern possibilities of information technologies in dialect material processing. By the example of two maps, made in the Internet project Lexical atlas of the Volgograd region, there is shown the possibility of complex linguistic and geographical research of the regional vocabulary.
Key words: dialectology; linguistic geography; dialect; dialect word; dialect map; network information technologies; electronic educational resource
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Components of nominative situation from the position of toponyms derivation (on the material of the Russian toponyms of Eastern Zabaikalie)
There are shown the derivational processes, which followed the formation of the Russian toponymy of Zabaikalsky Krai. Onomasiologic approach allowed sorting out the main components of the nominative situation realized through the process of toponyms formation and reflecting the main elements of the language world picture.
Key words: onomasiologic; toponyms system; nominative situation; language world picture
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Combinatory power as the factor of actualization of lexical meaning of the word
Combinatory power of the word is its ability to unite with particular words to fulfill this or that meaning task. One of the functions of combinatory power is actualization of lexical meaning of the word, which causes the dynamics of lexical meaning development, favours the variation of semantic components of the meaning, appearance of new actual meanings and forming new lexical meanings.
Key words: combinatory power; lexical meaning; context; actualization; actual meaning
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Formal, verbal and semantic and motivational levels of newspaper microcontext (by the example of reviews)
There are considered the cases of simultaneous popularity of the ways of figurative and metaphorical speech in the context of publication genre modifications. There is suggested the notion elocutionary and marked newspaper microcontext; there is given the formal and structural classification, semantic and pragmatic interpretation of fragments of newspaper film reviews.
Key words: elocution; microcontext; pragmatics; newspaper text; journalistic genre; review
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Metonomasia: notion and concept
There are given the research results of the term and notion of metonomasia in the domestic and foreign scientific tradition. On the basis of the research results, there is suggested the optimal definition of the linguistic term metonomasia, conceptual and terminiligocal differentiations of metonomasia method and metonomative mistakes.
Key words: metonomasia; renaming; substitution; stylistic term; notion; metonomative mistake; synonyms
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Poets language personality in the regional space of verbal and artistic world picture
Comparison is one of the main sources of language world picture study due to two reasons. Firstly, biplanning of semantics of comparative structures of different types contains the information about evident and concealed relations between the compared phenomena of discourse. Secondly, the research of regularities of comparisons use and perception is a necessary element of study of language personality specificity of an author and a reader as the subjects of regional linguistic culture.
Key words: language personality; world picture; regional component; comparison
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ВОПРОСЫ ГЕРМАНИСТИКИ
Aspect characteristics of participles in the German and Russian languages (comparative aspect)
There is given the characteristics of aspect meanings of participles in the German and Russian languages. There is compared the aspect semantics of participles of perfective and imperfective aspect in the Russian language and participles of the German language. There is attempted to trace whether the aspect semantics of participles remains the same in translating it from German into Russian.
Key words: aspects; type; grammar category; participle; ways of action
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Synergy of the comic (based on the material of the modern German language)
There is put forward the hypothesis that the comic is one of the projections of the self-organizing creative form of paradoxical (language) thinking, which appears at the edge of the unconscious and the conscious.
Key words: the comic; fractal; language sign; concept; frame; category
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The structure and semantics of the frame lesson (based on the material of the German language)
On the basis of the material of the German language there is sorted out the structural organization and semantics of the frame Lesson. There is ascertained the character of correlations of subframes that form the given frame. There is determined its conceptual component.
Key words: structure; frame; subframe; slot; subslot; terminal; model; cognitive
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Adeterminated space as the marker of unreal essence of fairy-tale universe
There is substantiated the unreal essence of fairytale world, described the specificity of its spatial organization, determined the peculiarities of explication of spatial relations.
Key words: fairy-tale universe; chronotop; adeterminated space; local marker
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Figurative and appraisal characteristics of the character type English pirate in the modern fiction
There are considered the figurative and appraisal characteristics of the linguistic and cultural character type English pirate in the modern fiction. There are analyzed the characteristics of pirates behaviour, their appearance, typical attributes. There are determined the ambivalent appraisal characteristics of pirates in the fiction literature.
Key words: linguistic and cultural character type; concept; pirate
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Concepts of Russian classical writers of the XIX century in the Anglo- American linguistic culture (on the material of mass media texts)
There are regarded the verbal realization peculiarities of concepts of Russian classical writers of the XIX century in the texts of English mass media. There is suggested the stylistic classification of the means of appealing to writers concepts.
Key words: linguistic and cultural concept; allusion; derivative; discourse; linguistic mind
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Specificity of political foreignness display in the political discourse of Great Britain
There are suggested the peculiarities of representation of political foreignness category in the British political discourse, taking into account nationally and culturally conditioned aspects of the British political system. In this context there are sorted out and analyzed the most typical nationally marked cases of political foreignness explication in the political discourse of Great Britain.
Key words: political foreignness; British political discourse; national and cultural peculiarities; opposition parties; Conservatives; Labourists; Liberal Democrats
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Considering the issue of origin of some ethnonyms in the English slang
There is shown the ethnonymic vocabulary in the modern English slang, attempted to analyze ethnonyms in the light of history.
Key words: English slang; ethnonyms; ethnic nicknames; nominations
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ПРОБЛЕМЫ РОМАНИСТИКИ
Neologisms in the system of French Canadian invective vocabulary: language and speech status
There are described the peculiarities of interjection invectives of the French language in Canada, the main reasons and ways of invective neologisms formation, their speech and language status. The attention is paid to the issue of transition of lexical occasionalisms to the system of language.
Key words: invective; interjection invective; curse; the French language in Canada; neologisms; occasionalisms; euphemisms; language norm
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Lexical unit Discrimination as the means of influence on social consciousness in the texts of French mass media (social linguistic aspect)
There is regarded the realization of influence potential of the lexical unit Discrimination in the texts of the leading French mass media, oriented at different social groups in the aspect of historically established attitude of the French towards equality. The analysis is held taking into consideration not only the national mentality of French people, but also the system of social values of the readers contingent of a particular publication.
Key words: persuasive communication; consciousness manipulation; total social subject of influence; speech influence potential of vocabulary; author's communicative and pragmatic purpose
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АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ ЛИТЕРАТУРОВЕДЕНИЯ
Sea in the poetic world model by Lomonosov (considering the issue of the baroque classicism phenomenon)
In the odic poetry by Lomonosov and his followers, by ways of mutual assimilation to land sea becomes from the field of Russian victories over enemies to the object of these victories, and the Russian Tsar - to the new sea sovereign. Embodying rivers, man-made turned by will of the monarch, the ode makes the waters its vassals, companions and heralds. In the end moisture becomes implicitly the inner state of the Empire and the world as a whole, providing its eternal dynamism.
Key words: metonymical shift; embodiment of water; subjugation of sea; junction with sea; allegory
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Functioning of Gumilevs myth in the Russian literature of XX-XXI centuries
There are sorted out the main stages of Gumilevs myth functioning in the Russian literature. There are traced the peculiarities of each stage and regarded the most typical texts for them. There are determined the regularities of Gumilevs myth transformation.
Key words: Gumilev; myth; mythologizing; biographical; functioning
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About mystical walks in the poems of Anna Akhmatova
Considering mystical walks in the poems by A.A.Akhmatova, the author analyzes the peculiarities of space organization of walks, which are at the verge of real and unreal worlds, and also notices something in common with the poetic texts by M.Y.Lermontov and M.Kuzmin.
Key words: space; movement; dynamic aspect; mirror; duality
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The image of Germany in B.Pasternaks perception and interpretation (based on the letters of 1905-1906)
There are thoroughly analyzed the letters of B.Pasternak from Berlin (1905-1906); researched the image of Germany reflected in the letters and later realized in the works by Pasternak.
Key words: B.Pasternak; letters; trip to Berlin; image of Germany; perception and interpretation
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The issue of portrait characteristics in the prose of A.Platonov
There are analyzed the peculiarities of portrait painting in Andrey Platonovs prose. The issue of the authors methods of personages appearance portraying is considered in the context of general theoretical and methodological issues of portrait study in literature.
Key words: Andrey Platonov; portrait in literature; portrait of a personage
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Chinese theme in the creative work of M.A.Bulgakov: considering the issue of foreign culture elements in the Russian literature of 1920s
There are researched the foreign culture elements in the Russian literature of 1920s. In the wide historical and cultural context there is regarded the Chinese theme in the creative work of M.A.Bulgakov, analyzed the image of the Chinese, their ideological and artistic essence.
Key words: M.A.Bulgakov; figurative system; foreign culture elements; Chinese (the Chinese); mentality
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Semantics of the category of the tragic in the creative work of M.A.Sholokhov: dialogue with the tradition and polemics with socialist realism
There are suggested the peculiarities of the tragic category evolution in the prose of M.A.Sholokhov, which combines specifically historical and universal semantics. It is the last one that stipulates the insolubility of the tragic conflict between the character and the society, nevertheless enriching the moral potential of the character and forming the catharsis situation for readers.
Key words: category; the tragic; socialist realism; catharsis; conflict; character; prose
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Intelligentsia in the age of scientific and technological revolution (in the works by I.Grekova, 1960s)
On the basis of the works by I.Grekova of 1960s there is regarded the definition intelligentsia and its variety intellectual technician; revealed the connection of intellectual characters with the prototypes, representatives of scientific and technological intelligentsia of the age of scientific and technological revolution.
Key words: I.Grekova; E.S.Ventsel; intellectual; technician; scientific and technological revolution; prototype
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Views of V.V.Bianki on childrens literature as creative self-reflection
There are analyzed the views of a famous Russian writer V.V.Bianki on childrens literature, which allows more accurate estimation of the writers creative work. Nowadays there is a strong tradition to consider the writers works as scientific and fiction, to which he objected. The analysis of the writers articles and diaries, in which he states his views persistently and logically, allows dispelling the fixed stereotypes in the interpretation of his works, which has both theoretical and practical meaning.
Key words: children's literature; children's reading; V.V.Bianki; children's writers; educational literature; scientific and fiction literature for children
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НАУЧНАЯ ЖИЗНЬ. РЕЦЕНЗИИ
Животрепещущее слово бытия. (Рецензия на книгу: Алефиренко Н.Ф. «Живое» слово: проблемы функциональной лексикологии. М.: Флинта: Наука, 2009. 344 с.).
Key words:
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РЕЦЕНЗИЯ НА МОНОГРАФИЮ В.С. КАРТАВЕНКО «СТАНОВЛЕНИЕ РУССКОЙ ТОПОНИМИЧЕСКОЙ СИСТЕМЫ : ПРОБЛЕМЫ ИСТОРИКО -ЛИНГВИСТИЧЕСКОГО ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ » (Смоленск: Изд-во СмолГУ , 2009 - 2010)
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Новое издание о донском диалекте (Рецензия на книгу: Кудряшова Р.И. Донские казачьи говоры Волгоградской области: тексты и задания: учеб.-метод. пособие. Волгоград : Изд-во ВГПУ «Перемена», 2010. 120 с.)
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ПОЛЬСКИЕ ЭТНОЛИНГВИСТЫ В ПОИСКАХ ЯЗЫКОВОЙ КАРТИНЫ МИРА СЛАВЯН (Рецензия на книгу: Etnolingwistyka i lekstkografia: междунар. науч. сб. / науч. ред. проф. Войцех Хлебда. Ополе, 2010. 248 с.)
Key words:
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Рецензия на книгу: Мадиева Г.Б., Супрун В.И. Теоретические основы ономастики: учеб. пособие. Алматы: Изд-во «Арыс»; Волгоград: Изд-во ВГПУ «Перемена», 2011. 280 с.
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