Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№2 (66) 2012
2012 г.
СОВРЕМЕННАЯ ТЕОРИЯ ЯЗЫКА
Discursive peculiarities of argumentation in a fiction text (based on the French language)
On the basis of the French language, there is given the analysis of some semantic and syntactic peculiarities of argumentation in a fiction text.
Key words: argumentation; fiction text; subjunctive; indicative; expressive syntax
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Sociocultural component in complex (polycode) collective texts: way of description
There is covered the issue of description of sociocultural component as the result of cognitive and discursive activity of collective subjects - complex (polycode) texts. The sociocultural component is represented by verbal and non-verbal codes as the ways of worlds conceptualization and categorization by collective subject.
Key words: sociocultural component; complex (polycode) "collective" text; verbal and visual text; verbal and non-verbal codes
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Emotive and pragmatic potential of a word in evangelical parables
There is shown the realization of emotive and pragmatic potential of an evangelical word, revealed the dominating emotions, which are in the contexts of evangelical parables, and have influence both on the personages of the parable contexts and on a potential reader.
Key words: evangelical parables; emotiveness; emotive and pragmatic potential; emotives-qualifiers; communicative and emotional situation; dominating emotions
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Verbal mask-role and its functions
There is described such model of verbal behaviour as mask-role, with the help of which the level of contextual discord is reduced and, depending on the motives of its use, acquires different functions.
Key words: personality; verbal behaviour; mask-role; contextualization
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Handwriting qualities in the system of writing
There are considered such qualities of handwriting as individuality and steadiness. These qualities appear in the reverse; individuality may cause communicative barriers in the process of written correlation, and steadiness makes it possible to find out the written on the basis of graphic signs identification. This is the phenomenon of handwriting in the system of writing.
Key words: handwriting; writing; speech; graphic sign; individuality and steadiness as the quality of writing
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The levels of linguistic research of anaphony
There is analyzed the anaphony at three levels of linguistic research (language units, text and language as a system of subsystems). As the objective criteria of anaphony, there is regarded the basic/key word or the element and its sound repetitions.
Key words: anaphony; sound repetition; basic word; key element; verbal background
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Lexical devices of emotive inclusions into business communication
There are regarded the peculiarities of business communication at the modern stage of its development. There is investigated the emotive inclusions into the rational nature of business communication. There are given the lexical devices of emotive inclusions into oral and written business communication in the Russian and English languages.
Key words: business communication; emotiveness; emotive inclusions; lexical devices
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Interpretative depth of meaning of allegoric expressions in paremiology
There is defined the interpretative depth of the meaning of allegoric expressions in paremiology, marked out the main varieties of the logic type of interpretations of paremies. There is suggested the notion of the macrofield Person, which is performed by a considerable number of paremies, as a whole forming the allegoric portrait of a person.
Key words: allegory; interpretation; proverbs; paremiology; linguistic culture
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Ways of realization of confessionary intention in the genre of a diary
There are considered the peculiarities of realization of confessionary intention in the genre of diaries, which is classified as a statement confession. There is sorted out a number of character types of such a statement confession - from the position of subject orientation, general emotional orientation, achievement of a desired goal, as well as general temporal orientation.
Key words: diary; confession; confessionary intention; literature genre; ways of realization
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Value features of character type Chinese healer in paremies, anecdotes and respondents mind
There is analyzed the value aspect of the linguistic and cultural character type Chinese healer. There is determined the general assessment of the attitude to the character type from the position of average people. There is proved that the Chinese character type of the traditional culture is regarded in different ways in the sources of folk arts and in modern native speakers mind.
Key words: linguistic culture; character type; concept; healer; traditional medicine
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Issue of childrens bilingualism
There is covered the issue of childrens learning bilingualism. The priority goal of foreign languages teaching at the early stage is development of childs communicative competence by means of new linguistic and cultural code mastering. The specificity of this stage of foreign language learning concerns the motivation, learning conditions, level of native language involvement, consciousness, tutors position, as well as the forms and ways of education.
Key words: bilingualism; enculturation; communicative behavior; artificial bilingual; learning bilingualism
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СРАВНИТЕЛЬНО-ИСТОРИЧЕСКОЕ, ТИПОЛОГИЧЕСКОЕ И СОПОСТАВИТЕЛЬНОЕ ЯЗЫКОЗНАНИЕ
Linguistic and axiological specificity of German concept sphere
There are suggested the results of comparison of linguistic and axiological characteristics of the German and Russian concept spheres. The given characteristics are stated, based on the analysis of conceptualization of the notion of social norm in the Russian and German languages. There are compared the value components of linguistic and cultural concepts, correlated with such structural elements of the norm as base and sanction.
Key words: values; norms; concepts; laws; rules; world picture
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Figurative and perceptional component of expressing gratitude in Kalmyk, English and Russian linguistic cultures
There are regarded the combinatory characteristics of expressing gratitude in the Kalmyk, English and Russian languages. The analysis of objectification means of the concept gratitude shows that the ways of expressing gratitude in the suggested linguistic cultures have both some similarities and considerable differences at the linguistic and paralinguistic levels.
Key words: concept; linguistic culture; gratitude; figurative and perceptional component; combinatory power
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Tatar - Russian and Russian - Tatar ideographic dictionaries of the XIX century: ideology and macrostructure
Tatar - Russian and Russian - Tatar ideographic dictionaries are regarded as the product of Russian reality and its reflection. The rubricators of dictionaries are compared on the basis of thematic filling.
Key words: Tatar - Russian; Russian - Tatar ideographic dictionaries; XIX century
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Specificity of paradigmatic relations of complex nominations of a person in the Russian and German languages
There are analyzed the relations between wordformative types of complex nominations of a person in the Russian and German languages. In the compared languages there is noted the homonymy, synonymy and antonymy of word-derivational types of complex words, as well as stylistic marking of items with affixes in the German language.
Key words: word-derivational homonymy; synonymy and antonymy; complex nominations of a person
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Considering the issue of non-obvious extremist orientation in journalism
The significance of the phenomenon of extremism in the modern political life determines the communicative value of the concept Extremism, affective and valuation, motivational and volitional in character. Special attention should be paid to the texts, where extremism is not noticeable directly. There is analyzed the newspaper publication, which includes non-obvious extremist orientation.
Key words: juristically oriented linguistic culture; macro-concept; effecting function; informational function; affective and valuation
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Roots and crowns: concept as a gene of metaphors (by the material of the Russian, Polish, Bulgarian and English languages)
There are considered the issues of cognitive modeling (based on the material of Slavic metaphoric models).
Key words: metaphors; model; basic model; concept; frame; evolution
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Riddle about the mill as the result of Russian-Byelorussian-Ukrainian contact parallels (on the material of the Russian folklore tradition in Lithuania)
There are considered the possible origins of figurativeness in one of the riddles about the mill fixed among the Russian old residential population of Lithuania. There is traced the influence of the Ukrainian, Byelorussian, general Russian folk traditions, complicated by the specificity of local conditions. There is analyzed the mechanism of the borrowed riddle inclusion into the repertory.
Key words: riddle; surroundings of other ethnic group; Russian old residents of Lithuania; contact parallels
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Loanwords in Czech and Russian heteronyms
There is covered one of the processes of proper names origins - borrowings. There is considered the geography of loanwords in Czech and Russian heteronomy.
Key words: onomastics; heteronyms; loanword; loan translation; adaptation
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Gender peculiarities of euphemisms forming as the factors of politeness realization in the language of Chinese womens printed media
There is considered the realization of the principle of politeness in the language of Chinese womens printed media with the use of euphemisms. Special attention is paid to revealing the main thematic groups of euphemisms, suggested their typology on the basis of spheres of use.
Key words: euphemism; principle of politeness; gender linguistics; the Chinese language
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Modern dialogical communication and issues of typology of dialogical discourses
There is characterized the essence of dialoguing as one of the basic communicative categories, determined the place of dialogical communication in the modern communicative space, discussed the issues of the typology of dialogical discourses.
Key words: dialogue; dialoguing; dialogical communication; dialogical discourse; types of dialogical discourses
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Names of international and legal document in agreements between Russia and Greeks in the X century
Based on the texts represented in the X century in Russian chronicles, there is researched the vocabulary of international and legal nature, meaning the notion agreement and the related notions. Along with the existing interpretations in the history of science, there is suggested the authors interpretation of the contents of the lexemes under consideration.
Key words: chronicle; loanword; loan translation; Grecism; Old Slavism; synonym
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Connotation of imperative: notion and expressive means
There is defined the functional and semantic status of connotation of imperative on the lexical and morphological and syntactic levels of the modern Russian language. There is given the classification of the components of connotative matrix of motive; described the expressive means and sphere of meaning nuances of imperative expression.
Key words: semantics of assessment; connotation; imperative; expression
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Construction N1 + N2 and its expressive potential in advertising texts
The combination noun with article + noun without article is characterized by a high productivity in the modern French language, that explains high scientific interest to this construction. There are considered the variants of nomination of the construction, investigated the status of the determining component. The use of adjectivized nouns for signs enlarges the expressive potential of the language.
Key words: nominal construction without preposition; adjectivization of a noun; means of signs expressing; advertising text; expressive means of the language
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Intra-model variance of phraseological units
There is analyzed the variance of phraseological units in the form of conceptions of wide and narrow approaches. There are analyzed the lexical and grammatical transformations, which do not break the semantic structure of phraseological units in the English and Russian languages. There is revealed the dependence of structural and semantic characteristics of phraseological units in intra-model variance.
Key words: intra-model variance; semantic invariance; denotative meaning; connotative meaning
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Oxymoronym as a word-derivational form of verbalization of contextual meaning (by the example of Zlobro)
There is considered the contextual notion as a special type of mental formation, sorted out some peculiarities of its verbal form - oxymoronym. There is shown that the semantics of oxymoronym is summative, i.e. derivable, but not summary. Such type of word derivation becomes more popular, the frequency of oxymoronyms use is increased.
Key words: dual notion; contextual notion; oxymoron; oxymoronym; blending; emotive nomination
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Fair plays a jewel: idea of fairness in the English paremiology
Based on the material of English proverbs, there is researched the verbalization of the idea of fairness. There is made the conclusion about the prevalence of positive forms of judgements about fairness upon the negative ones, identification of fairness and honesty, presence of paremical units, which give the notion of equity, compensating the rigorism of common legislation
Key words: idea of fairness; linguistic culturology; proverb; ethnic consciousness
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Universal and ethnospecific characteristics of heroic image in the British national world picture
There is analyzed the image-bearing component of the linguistic cultural character type hero in the British national consciousness. There are considered the universal components, as well as revealed the ethnospecific concepts of heroic behavior. There is investigated the dynamics of transformation of the concepts in the aspect of diachrony.
Key words: linguistic cultural character type; concept; image-bearing component; diachrony; perinuclear zone; close periphery; long periphery; hero; heroism
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Borrowings as the way of enriching the vocabulary of the German language (by the example of the thematic group education)
Based on the material of the modern German language, there are revealed the ways of enriching its vocabulary in such a socially important sphere as the system of school and higher school education. There is suggested the description of borrowings as a productive model of enriching the German lexical fund.
Key words: neologism; borrowing; word formation; model; grammar gender; lexeme
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Specificity of advertising discourse (on the material of the German language)
There are described the peculiarities of the language of advertisement. On the basis of the material of German printed texts, there is regarded the connection of advertising texts and spoken language, role of neologisms, use of various stylistic figures in the advertising discourse.
Key words: advertisement; discourse; neologisms; Anglo-Americanisms; phraseological units; stylistic figures
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Stylistic convergence as the means of hyperbolic effect in the English advertising texts
There are suggested the results of stylistic convergence research, which is used in advertising texts with the purpose of hyperbolic effect making and attracting attention to the advertised goods or services.
Key words: "woman's glossy" magazines; advertising text; stylistic convergence; hyperbolic effect
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Linguistic framework of exoglossic theory
There is substantiated the phenomenon of exoglossy in the sociolinguistic, contact and structural and functional aspects, noted the linguistic specialization of exoglossic theory, taking into account the extension of description framework of borrowing nature, described the levels and instruments of the given theory.
Key words: borrowing; language development; exoglossy; endoglossy; metaglossic parametrology
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Austrian dialecticisms as the means of speech portrayal of a fiction work character
Key words:
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Historic aspect of negation in the Old English language
There is researched one of the complex phenomena of the English language - negation. There are regarded the cases of negation use in the syntactic structure of a sentence in the Old English period so as to sort out some morphological, lexical means of the given aspect in the Old English language and analyze the cases of its use.
Key words: negation; the Old English language; polynegative; optional negation; compulsory negation
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АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ ЛИТЕРАТУРОВЕДЕНИЯ
Metaplot poet vs monarch in Boris Godunov by A.S. Pushkin
There is considered one of the metaplots of A.S.Pushkins creative work poet VS monarch and its various realizations in the text of the historical tragedy Boris Goduniv: 1) true poet VS true monarch, 2) true poet VS self-constituted monarch, 3) self-constituted poet VS self-constituted monarch.
Key words: Pushkin; metaplot; poet; tsar; monarch; impostor
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Rhythmic system of Family Chronicles by S.T. Aksakov (analysis of the extract Good Day of Stepan Mikhailovich)
There are given the research results of the rhythmic system of Family Chronicles, which allows finding out the peculiarities of the prose style of S.T. Aksakov. There is taken into consideration the specific character of correlation and interdependence of colons in phrasal components and phrases, phrases in paragraphs, in particular: correlation of colons in syllable amount, peculiarities of distribution and interaction of in-phrase and inter-phrase beginnings and endings - stressed and unstressed; there is also determined the role of syntactic means in texts rhythmic structure.
Key words: rhythm; colon; phrase component; phrase; beginning; ending; syllable division
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ВОПРОСЫ ИЗУЧЕНИЯ СОВРЕМЕННОЙ ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ
Trinity of truth - verity - justice in the artistic axiology of V.G. Rasputin
There is analyzed the imagery system of the works by V.G. Rasputin in the light of the main behavioral models of literature characters and in the aspect of general issues of Christian morality
Key words: character; patrimonial consciousness; individuality; righteousness
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Peculiarities of editing composition in the novels by M.A. Bulgakov White Guard and Master and Margarita
There is described the influence of cinematographic aesthetics on the creative thinking of M.A. Bulgakov, vividly expressed in the principles of construction of his works. Editing becomes the main method of plot and compositional organization in the novels White Guard and Master and Margarita.
Key words: cinematography; editing; editing composition; novel
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The Sin of Zakhar Prilepin: semantics of the title in the context of the main characters image
There is analyzed the title of the book by Z.Prilepin The Sin in respect to the main character, which is regarded as the antagonist and at the same time the bearer of the sin; described the key fragments of the book, where the given contradiction is revealed the most vividly.
Key words: sin; issue of sinfulness; image of a character; semantics of the title; dialecticism; dramaturgic line; philosophic sense
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Floristic images in the Russian and Chinese poetry of the first third of the XX century
There is regarded the image of bamboo in the Russian and Chinese poetry of the first third of the XX century, described the motives similar in both cultures.
Key words: symbol; image; bamboo; poetry
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НАУЧНАЯ ЖИЗНЬ. ХРОНИКА
У истоков слова народного. К 100-летию профессора Л.М. О рлова (1912-2001)
Key words:
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Искрометная, красивая, талантливая профессор Вероника Николаевна Телия (1930-2011)
Key words:
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