Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№6 (70) 2012
2012 г.
с о в р е м е н н а я т е о р и я я з ы к а
Communicative initiative: theoretical approaches
There are analyzed the works of the Russian and foreign scientists regarding the research issue of communicative initiative as an interparadigm notion. There is determined the circle of problematic issues that require linguistic analysis for clarifying the status characteristics of the initiative in communication.
Key words: initiative; discourse; communicative strategies; intergender communication; communicative leadership
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Prosodic and syntactic means of emotive disseminations into business communication
There are covered the peculiarities of business communication at the modern stage of its development. There is researched the emotive dissemination into the rational base of business communication. There are given the prosodic and syntactic means of emotive disseminations into oral and written business communication in the Russian and English languages.
Key words: business communication; emotiveness; emotive disseminations; prosodic and syntactic means
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Structural models of a symbol in a poetic text
There are considered the urgent issues of linguistic culturology
Key words: binomial symbol; monomial symbol; the signified; signifier; denotatum; invariant model; speech variant
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Phraseological neologism vs occasional variant of language phraseological unit vs occasional phraseological unit
There are described the peculiarities of the processes of occasional phraseology and neologisms; revealed the criteria of language level choice for the unit; found out the activity level of transformation processes of phraseological units in such unrelated languages as Russian, English, Turkish, French.
Key words:
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Intonation interference and language corrosion in early bilingualism
There are considered the issues of early bilingualism, in particular the prosody of speech of Russian and German speaking children, characterized by the importation of the intonation parameters from the Russian and German languages. There is substantiated that in the conditions of interference (bilingualism) the norms of the languages are diluted, and the intonation formation is indefinite.
Key words: early bilingualism; prosodic interference; language attrition; speech prosody of bilinguals
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Functions and semantics of parcelled construction in the language of advertisement
There are considered the main functions of parcelling in the language of advertisement, as well as the influence of different structures on the semantics of parcelled advertising texts. The main conclusion is that the pragmatic orientation of parceling at the spoken language helps to realize the main function of any advertising text
Key words: graphic design; sign; nominative style; parcelled constructions; pragmatic function; advertising message; syntax
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К О Г Н И Т И В Н А Я Л И Н Г В И С Т И К А И Д И С К У Р С И В Н О Е О П И С А Н И Е Я З Ы К А
Mythological concept as the variety of linguistic cultural concept
There is regarded the mythological concept as the type of linguistic cultural concept, which is characterized by the three-part structure with a well-developed figurative one, and the necessary value component
Key words: mythological concept; linguistic cultural concept; mythological concept sphere; mytholexeme; lexical meaning; fairy tale discourse
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Peculiarities of phraseological objectification of foreign culture concepts
There are characterized the phraseological means of verbalization of foreign culture concepts in the Russian language; there is defined the foreign culture concept, described the informational and interpretational structural parts of the mentioned concepts, and stated the level of objectification.
Key words: foreign culture concept; phrase; objectification
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Verbalization peculiarities of the figurative component of the concept city
There is considered the figurative component of the concept closely connected with the issue of perception. The images that are sorted out in the process of figurative component modeling are classified by the perception types. There is proved that the verbalization means of the figurative component of the concept city have their own specificity depending on the source of the material.
Key words: concept; image; monomodality; polymodality; verbalization
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Political world picture and political communication discourse
There are suggested different interpretations of the relations between the notions political discourse and political communication, their connection with the conceptual and language world picture.
Key words: political communication; political discourse; language and conceptual world picture; concept
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Concept equipment in the Russian military discourse of the XIX century
There is covered the fragment of the conceptual space of the Russian military discourse
Key words: concept; discourse; discursiveness; diachronic communication
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Dramaturgic text and dramaturgic discourse: considering the correlation of the notions
There are considered the issues connected with the research of different aspects of the dramaturgic discourse. There is revealed its ethnocultural significance conditioned by the characteristic examples of cultural and social conventions and stereotypes that determine peoples speech behavior. There is made the attempt to differentiate the notions discourse and text in correlation with the terms dramatic, dramaturgic and theatrical
Key words: discourse; text; dramaturgic discourse; dramaturgic text; dramatic; dramaturgic; theatrical
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Fiction functions of the interiorized discourse
There are described the fiction functions typical for the interiorized discourse, i.e. the ones that are directed at the message of the work of fiction: symbolic function, function of images psychologizing, removal of the author out of the narration, detailed description and simultaneous integrity of the image, intimating and individualization of the narration, as well as the function of convergence of the form and the content.
Key words: interiorized discourse; inner speech; stream of consciousness; inner monologue; sensory image; verbal image
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Fragment of a modern womans speech portrait (by the material of the qualitative and quantitative analysis of constructions complicating simple sentences structure)
With the use of mathematical statistics methods, there is made the attempt to approach the fragment of collective speech portrait of a modern woman at the level of syntactic constructions complicating simple sentences structure
Key words: language personality; speech portrait; gender linguistics
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Rudeness as the sign of callousness
There are determined the main components of the lexeme rudeness and considered one of them
Key words: rudeness; callousness; violation of ethics; unethical speech act; maxims of politeness; "appearance damage"; impolite emotions
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П Р О Б Л Е М Ы Р У С И С Т И К И
Representation ways of the images of happiness: their structures and properties (by the example of the poetic images of happiness of the XVIII
There are analyzed the peculiarities of representation ways of the image of happiness in the poetic discourse. There are defined the types of cognitive correlation of the images, main cognitive signs peculiar to each of them, expressed the representation specificity of the images of happiness in the poetic texts.
Key words: image; correlation; structure; properties; reflection; representation
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Up and down as principal images of geographic space (in geographic vocabulary of Don dialects)
There is considered the role of local geographic terms in forming the language world picture. There is proved that the images of the highest and the lowest points of landscape and their nominations form the basis of dialect speakers world view, and particular features of natural environment promote the development of more detailed meanings in general geographic terms and the transformation of commonly used non-term nominations into geographic appellatives.
Key words: lexical group; geographic appellative; semantic amplitude; semantic shift; area
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Structural and semantic classification of verbal phraseological units of the Don dialect meaning and characterizing labour activity
Stable verbal combinations of the Don dialect, which mean and characterize labour activity, are analyzed from the point of the oppositions steadiness
Key words: Don dialectal phraseology; characteristics of the labour process
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Lexical representation of relational meanings in regional toponymy: anthropocentric aspect (by the material of the Vladimir region toponyms)
There are regarded the peculiarities of lexical representation of relational meanings in regional toponymy. Gender, national, social, religious relational meanings are considered relevant. There is developed the system of semantic fields characterizing the views on the correlation between a person and the world around; found out the main regional peculiarities of world perception reflection and self-identification in the world within the anthropocentric approach.
Key words: toponymy; lexical representation; relational meanings; anthropocentric approach; semantic field; nominative model; topobase; language world picture
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ВОПРОСЫ ГЕРМАНИСТИКИ
Actualization of the communicative strategy of a politicians positive image creation in political memoirs (based on the memoirs by B. Clinton and B. Obama)
There are characterized the language means of realization of communicative strategy of politicians positive image creation in the memoirs by B. Clinton and B. Obama. In particular, there are analyzed such tactics of the given strategy actualization as the positive self-presentation, intimization, integration, identity of the addresser to the addressee, self-justification and appeal to the authority.
Key words: addresser; addressee; image; communicative strategy; communicative tactics
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Concept offence in the English language (lexicographical aspect)
There is regarded the concept offence in the English lexicographic sources. There is given the etymological analysis, investigated the synonyms of the main nominants of the lexeme offence.
Key words: concept; offence; etymological analysis; synonymic line; semantic sign
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Concepts love, freedom, honour/ dignity in the creative work by R. Burns
There is described the metaphor as the realization means of the concepts love, freedom, honour/dignity on the basis of the material of the most famous poems by R. Burns. There is suggested the interpretation of the most important fragments of these works showing the figurative and value components of the given concepts.
Key words: verbalization; individual author's concept; world picture; image; metaphor; comparison; value; evaluation
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Compositional and lexical and grammatical peculiarities of priestly prayers on clock (by the example of the German Catholic prayers)
On the basis of the material of the German language there is analyzed the special type of a Catholic praying text
Key words: prayer; Book of Hours; composition; lexical and grammatical variation
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Articulatory variants in the modern German language
There is analyzed the language situation in German language countries
Key words: aural perception; phonetic peculiarities; allophonic variation; suprasegmental characteristics
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Lexical structure of the subframes school institution of education and school educational process (based on the German language)
On the basis of the German language there are characterized the lexical units of the subframes school institution of education and school educational process included into the frame School.
Key words: frame; concept; term; linguistic culture; ethnocultural specificity; structure; lexicographic mark; semantics
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П Р О Б Л Е М Ы Л И Т Е Р А Т У Р Ы И Ф О Л Ь К Л О Р А
Typology of fiction in a literary fairy tale
There are considered some traditionally sorted types of fiction in philology; suggested the original typology of fiction represented in the texts of literary fairy tales; described the specificity of fiction effect achieved as a result of authors use of multilayer fiction.
Key words: fiction; heuristic and manipulative fiction; primary and secondary (fictitious) fiction; artistic effect
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Image of investigator as a new type of detective in the novel by F.M. Dostoevsky Crime and Punishment
There are revealed the innovating peculiarities in the plot structure on the basis of the detective in the novel by F.M. Dostoevsky Crime and Punishment. The main attention is concentrated upon the image of the investigator as a new type of detective, exceeding the usual scheme of a detective novel.
Key words: detective genre; detective formation; image of the investigator; plot intrigue; laws of the detective genre; innovating in the plot structure
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Orthodox metaphysics in the poetry by A.K. Tolstoy: sea code as an artistic phenomenon
There is described the sea code of the non-sea message in the religious and philosophic poetry by A.K. Tolstoy. Inner world of a person is revealed through psychological and religious and philosophic parallels with the image of the sea element. Metaphors of the sea elements connect the contemplative and the metaphysical origins in the poetic reflection of A.K. Tolstoy
Key words: religious and philosophic poetry; image; motive; psychological parallelism
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Menippea satire in the works by V.V. Mayakovsky (by the example of the tragedy Vladimir Mayakovsky)
The tragedy Vladimir Mayakovsky is considered in the dialogic (communicative) paradigm which makes it possible to define this work as a menippea.
Key words: menippea; dialogic paradigm; diatribe; soliloquium; genre syncretism
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Don stories by I. Sazanov in the journal context of the Russian Richness
There is revealed the specific character of the Cossack issue coverage in the journal Russian Richness at the beginning of the XX century: mobilization, punitive squads in the image of Kryukov, Dubovsky and other authors. In the context of journal traditions there is given the analysis of the Don stories by I. Sazanov.
Key words: tradition; the Cossacks; Don literature; journal policy; image; theme
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П Р О Б Л Е М Ы С О В Р Е М Е Н Н О Й Р У С С К О Й Л И Т Е Р А Т У Р Ы
The modern prose of V. Makanin in the big period of culture
There are considered the poetics peculiarities of the works by V.S. Makanin that combine the traditions of realistic writing with the elements of post-modernism.
Key words: period; beauty; V.S. Makanin; prose; the Caucasus; L.N. Tolstoy
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Issue of realization of gender stereotypes in works of fiction by women authors at the end of the XX
There is considered the realization of gender stereotypes in womens prose. There is substantiated that womenwriters are creators and interpreters of gender-role stereotypes. These gender-role stereotypes influence readers subconsciousness.
Key words: gender stereotypes; gender-role stereotypes; masculinity; femininity; women's prose
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Story of archpriest Nikolay Agafonov Hermit Against the Will in the context of modern Orthodox fiction literature
There are investigated the issues and poetics of the work by a modern writer archpriest Nikolay Agafonov Hermit Against the Will considered in the context of the modern Orthodox prose. The main theme of the phenomenon is the issue of spiritual evolution of a person revealed in the light of a number of models: disbelief
Key words: Orthodoxy; prose; story; evolution; Nikolay Agafonov
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Peculiarities of adults and children worlds conflicts in the trilogy novel by V.P. Krapivin Dovecote at the Yellow Glade
There are considered the rational and emotional aspects of the interpersonal conflict between a teenager and adult world in the works by V.P. Krapivin. The analysis of the conflict helps not only to understand the motives of this confrontation, but also to find out the aspects of the initiation, finding moral guidelines by the main characters.
Key words: fiction world by V.P. Krapivin; teenager character; psychology of the conflict; subjectivity; personal approach
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Symbols of a tram in the poetry of the XX century for children
The discrepancy of a tram image embodying the faith in progress but causing the fear to be defeated by a soulless machine is regarded in the childrens poems by such poets as O. Mandelshtam, S. Marshak, I. Irtenyev, M. Yasnov, M. Boroditskaya.
Key words: children's poetry; tram; image; the Silver Age; Mandelshtam
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Space of the Russian literature in the poetry by Elena Schwarz
There is made the attempt to analyze the space model of the Russian literature in the aspect of traditions by the example of the poems by Elena Schwarz. The interpretation of Petersburgs myth in the modern postmodernist poetry and the biographical myth by N.V. Gogol are considered the most thoroughly.
Key words: poetry; space; myth poetics; Elena Schwarz; Gogol; Petersburg
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В О П Р О С Ы И З У Ч Е Н И Я З А Р У Б Е Ж Н О Й Л И Т Е Р А Т У Р Ы
Oxford dictionary of quotations as the quintessence of the national poetry of Great Britain
Study of the Oxford quotation dictionaries published at different periods makes it possible to find out the place of poetry in the British culture at different periods, as well as allows sorting out the number of poetic works forming the vertical context of the English language discourse.
Key words: background knowledge; national poetry of Great Britain; quotations
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Image of a tree in the Russian and the Chinese poetry of the first third of the XX century
There is given the comparative analysis of fiction semantics of one of the key floristic images
Key words: image; floristic study; comparative linguistics; communicative code
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Chinese comic genre xiangsheng
There is described the development and the varieties, found out the constituent signs of the Chinese comic genre xiangsheng. There are analyzed the main mechanisms of comic effect creating in the researched genre: ridiculing the dialect differences, hieroglyphic humour, tone play, allusion use.
Key words: Chinese comic genre xiangsheng; humour; comic effect; linguistic culture
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НАУЧНАЯ ЖИЗНЬ. РЕЦЕНЗИИ
Рецензия на книгу: Межличностная коммуникация: теория и жизнь / О.И. Матьяш, В.М. Погольша, Н.В. Казаринова [и др.]; науч. ред. О.И. Матьяш. СП б. : Речь, 2011. 560 с.
Key words:
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Статистический метод в ономастике (Рецензия на книгу: Дьячков В.Л., Трофимова Е.В. Русское наречение в четырёх веках социальной истории страны : моногр. Тамбов: Изд-во ТГУ , 2011. 268 с.)
Key words:
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