Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№10 (54) 2010
2010 г.
СОВРЕМЕННАЯ ТЕОРИЯ ЯЗЫКА
Journalistic discourse as a typical discourse of mass culture
There are regarded the transformations of the modern journalistic discourse. There is defined the dependence between the state of the information society and temporal means of information giving widely spread in mass media. With the use of semiotic approach there are marked out the sign words of the mass culture. There is also considered the question of expansion of loan words in the journalistic discourse.
Key words: journalistic discourse; mass communication; semiotics; vocabulary; mass media; informational society
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Peculiarity of diplomatic discourse as a form of communication
There are described the structural and communicative peculiarities of diplomatic discourse, revealed the likeness and differences of this type of discourse practice and scientific communication.
Key words: diplomatic discourse; professional communication; structure
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Regulating character of kinaesthetic actions in the verbal communication system
There is given the regulating characteristic of kinaesthetic actions in the process of a dialogue that determines the content of kinaesthetic communication, intention and illocutionary partners opportunities on conditions that they are included into the verbal system of communication.
Key words: communication; kinaesthetic actions; kinaesthetic; illocution; intentionality; regularity; touch
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Ontology and jargon functioning
There is given the concept of jargons playing nature as the basis of the given language phenomenon existence; there is noted that the popularity of jargons use is provided by a number of social and language functions.
Key words: jargon; general jargon; language play; kriptolalija; substandard
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Style and sense in a narrative text
The connection of style as a selection and combination of language means and the sense of a text left nonverbalized is shown in nominative sequences that connect style units - means of different text hierarchy levels and is finished in the genre of a work of art.
Key words: text; nominative sequence; units of style; sense; conceptual unity
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Fractality as the main characteristics of the Bondiana discourse
Based on the material of Bondiana (novels and film scripts about James Bond) the discourse is analysed from the position of fractal paradigm. There is defined the structure of discourse-fractal that is
Key words: discourse; fractal; fractal semiotics; fractal discourse; referent quantification; conceptual quantification
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Linguistic signs of communicative accuracy of application instructions of medical products
There are regarded the linguistic signs of communicative accuracy of application instructions of medical products. There is discussed the dependence of text semantic content understanding of medical products on their communicative accuracy. There is the conclusion made about the necessity of various linguistic means use for its ensuring depending on the addressee type (specialist in the field of medicine and pharmacy and consumer).
Key words: text of application instruction of medical products (medicinal instruction); communicative accuracy; linguistic signs of communicative accuracy; adequate perception and understanding of information in a text; medical and pharmaceutical text
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ПРОБЛЕМЫ КОГНИТИВНОЙ ЛИНГВИСТИКИ
Metaphoric understanding of cognitive concepts in the terms of frame semantics
There is described the frame method of metaphoric understanding of cognitive concepts of the English language consciousness sphere (mind, memory, idea, problem). Frame approach to language categorization allows revealing not single metaphoric relations but the whole complex of knowledge associated with the concept to find out new methods of cognitive concepts understanding.
Key words: frame; categorization; cognitive concept; metaphor
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Lexical and syntactical coordination: cognitive and structural and semantic aspects (based on the attributive word combination)
There are analyzed the different types of lexical and syntactical coordination between the substance and sign in the attributive word combination from the cognitive and structure semantic points of view.
Key words: cognitive; structural and semantic aspects; lexical and syntactical coordination; substance; sign; attributive word combination
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Propositional interpretation of subject and ways of representation of situational subjectivity category
There is substantiated the necessity of propositional interpretation of a sentence subject, considered the cases of situational reference of subject name, as well as the category of names with obvious event connotations.
Key words: proposition; sentence semantics; subject; nominalization; propositional vocabulary
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СРАВНИТЕЛЬНО-ИСТОРИЧЕСКОЕ, ТИПОЛОГИЧЕСКОЕ И СОПОСТАВИТЕЛЬНОЕ ЯЗЫКОЗНАНИЕ
Concept science in the German and Russian linguistic cultures
There are described the constitutive signs of the linguistic and cultural concept science fixed in the linguistic mind of German and Russian people: conceptual, figurative and value. There are used the methods of conceptual, component analysis and comparison.
Key words: concept; constitutive signs: conceptual; figurative and value
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Basic stylistic figures in the speech genres of sports reportage (based on German and Russian printed media)
Based on the Russian and German languages material there are considered the cognitive and functional characteristics of a metaphor and metonymy in the speech genre sports reportage. There is given the range of spheres and sources of metaphors and the models of metonymic transitions.
Key words: speech genre; sports reportage; stylistic function; pragmatics; metaphor; metonymy
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Anthropocentric parameters of humor discourse (based on the material of Russian and French anecdotes)
There are considered the anthropocentric peculiarities of a Russian and French anecdote as a variety of humor discourse. There are analysed the portrait characteristics of a person reflected in the anecdote text.
Key words: anthropocentrism; humor discourse; anecdote; referent; superficial portrait; situational portrait; fragment portrait
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System description of professional argots (based on the argots of French farmers)
There is tested the model of polyconstant analysis of French farmers argot. The methodology of professional argots description allows revealing the peculiarities of lexical periphery of the language and lays the foundation for comparative analysis of different professional patois. The research algorithm of passwords includes five components: size, mechanisms of argot vocabulary formation, semantic dominants, synonymy, figurativeness.
Key words: professional argot; argot word formation; argot receptive concept; synonymic row; tropological space
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Communicative effect in bilingual communication: clarifying of a notion
There is regarded the character of communicative effects produced by texts of different genres and styles in the conditions of bilingual (translated) communication. There is suggested considering the communicative effect as a derivative of the text function and as the way of the authors communicative intention realization. There is substantiated the impossibility of full coincidence of communicative effects produced by the original and translated versions.
Key words: communicative effect; communicative intention; text function; scientific text; newspaper and journal informational text; public speech; advertisement; narrative text
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The peculiarities of confirmative mood marker functioning in the modern Korean language
There is researched the confirmative mood and its expressing devices in the modern Korean language. There is considered the notion of mood in the Korean language, marked out its characteristics, analyzed the ji ending functioning as the indicator of the given category, traced its relationship with the other categories in the modern Korean language.
Key words: confirmative mood; the Korean language; finite endings; final predication forms; objective setting category; addressee category
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National and cultural specificity of official naming of the Kazakhs
There are shown the peculiarities of transformation of the Russian naming model used in the Kazakh anthroponomical system. In the sovereign Kazakhstan in the conditions of the modern linguistic situation due to the new language policy there takes place the revival of the national and traditional ways of naming. One of the displays of ethnic identity is the abolition of the Russian model of surnames and patronymics forming that leads to the parallel functioning of several naming forms in the Kazakhs documents.
Key words: anthroponomical system; official naming formula; surname; name and patronymic; national culture; naming tradition
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Modifying meaning of the voice affixes -дыр- // -дир-, -дур- // -дюр- in the Karachai-Balkar language
There is researched one of the most productive affixes of word formation displaying non-voice meaning in the system of impelling voice. There is considered the semantic classification of productive and derivative bases, peculiarities of voice forms and lexical units, combination of word-formative and voice meanings in particular bases.
Key words: affix allomorph; impersonal action; impelling meaning; double-subject meaning; desemantization of meaning; inner category and non transposition affix; modifying meaning
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ПРОБЛЕМЫ РУСИСТИКИ
Phraseological anthropocentrism in the system of language and speech
The problem of phraseological anthropocentrism is regarded as one of the topical ones. There are analysed the phraseological aspects of a linguistic individual: phraseological lexical individual is the maker of existing phraseological units, creative phraseological individual is the maker of new phraseological forms. The image of phraseological lexical individual is revealed in the context of the notion phraseological world picture. The appearance of new phraseological units is the result of axiological personality cognition.
Key words: anthropocentric paradigm; linguistic individual; phraseological lexical individual; phraseological world picture; creative phraseological individual
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Verbs with attributive valency from the position of cognitive and discourse approach
There is marked out the group of verbs with attributive valency that are considered from the position of cognitive and discourse approach. On the basis of the verb cognition analysis there is reconstructed the cognitive model of their semantics defined on the mental level as a certain assessment situation. Depending on the realization on the linguistic level the model components are subdivided into implicit and explicit (assessment subject), explicit (assessment object, assessment result) and implicit (assessment aspect, assessment scale, assessment basis).
Key words: verb; valency; attribute; cognitive linguistics; assessment situation
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Syntactic person as a multiple-aspect category
There is analysed the syntactic person category, shown its multiple-aspect nature, given the various definitions of this category, differentiated the objective and subjective aspects, marked the predicative and non-predicative meanings, sorted out the core and peripheral expressive means.
Key words: category; syntactic person; subject; predicativity; deixis
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Functional characteristics of substantivized numerals in the Russian language
There are shown the basic styles of substantivized numerals functioning in the Russian language. On the basis of the analysis of the actual material there is proved that the numerals that acquired the subject meaning and became nouns are used in different language styles and are widely used in speech. All the arguments are supported by illustrations.
Key words: substantivization; numeral; ellipsis; usual substantivization; occasional substantivization; speech styles
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Text forming logical and semantic relations of the Russian modern narrative text
There are revealed the text forming logical and semantic relations of the Russian modern narrative text by the example of the novel by L.Oulitskaya Medea and Her Children and the novel by V.Pelevin Insect Life. The author shares the opinion of L.G.Babenko who suggests marking out contact and distant, full and partial text forming logical and semantic relations. The basic text forming relation in the analysed novels is the thematic repeat that helps the words from one thematic group to form an integrated functional and textual word paradigm.
Key words: text coherence; text forming logical and semantic relations; thematic repeat; coherence; subtext
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Names of mineral wealth deposits as a fragment of the national linguistic world picture
There are revealed the peculiarities of microtoponyms in the process of world-view formation different from other nations world-views. Microtoponyms that reflect practical activities of people from some particular region are shown as the components of the national linguistic world picture.
Key words: microtoponym; reality; national worldview; mineral wealth; native language; world picture
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Functional specificity of pragmatonyms in the works of women literature
There are suggested the basic methods of pragmatonyms use in the text of fiction by the example of Russian and English authors - representants of women literature, revealed the peculiarities of pragmatonyms functioning in the text of fiction.
Key words: women literature; pragmatonyms; product placement; advertisement names; ergonyms
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ВОПРОСЫ ГЕРМАНИСТИКИ
Concepts President and Presidency in the consciousness of American linguistic culture informants
There are analysed the concepts President and Presidency in the consciousness of American linguistic culture informants. There are given the results of the free associative experiment. There is revealed the concept structure.
Key words: concept; president; presidency; American linguistic culture; linguistic consciousness
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The concept Bodyin the English female autoreference discourse
There is introduced the notion of autoreference discourse which implies the message about ones own identity that means the discourse about oneself as about the main referent. There are regarded the characteristics of female autoreference discourse in the American and British cultures. There is defined a certain gender centre of female communicative individual - desire for prototype femininity the main concept of which is the concept Body.
Key words: discourse; concept; reference; autoreference; autoreference discourse; identity; gender
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The ancient German concept sun: based on the material of spell texts
There are marked out the conceptual signs of the ancient German concept Sun on the material of ancient spells. German spells characterize the heathen world model. There is the conclusion made about the cosmology of the given concept, as well as about theomorphous and anthropomorphous qualities of sun.
Key words: spell text; heathen world model; spell world model; solar myth; conceptual sign
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АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ ИЗУЧЕНИЯ РУССКОЙ ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ XIX в.
To the question of historical fiction of 1820
By the example of the novels by K.P.Massalsky, P.M.Zotov, E.P.Karnovich and D.L.Mordovtsev about the reign of Csarevna Sophia there is considered the fiction of XIX century as a whole range of self-sufficient texts with metatext characteristics: literature centrism, text centrism, secondary data and communicativeness. There is proved the urgency and perspectives of such an approach to historical Romance studies.
Key words: historical fiction; metatext; metatext phenomenon; inter-textuality
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Laugh word in parody ballads by M.A.Dmitriev
There are regarded the peculiarities of laugh word functioning (M.Bakhtin) in parody ballads by M.Dmitriev. There is shown that producing special laugh energy laugh word opens the opportunities for carnival dialogue of writers of two epochs.
Key words: "laugh word"; carnival word; parody; satire; dialogue
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Terrible storm at terrible night: the motive of snowstorm at L.N.Tolstois works in the context of the Russian literature of the XIX century
There is researched the one of the universal plots of the Russian literature - snowstorm rising at the creative work of P.A.Vyazemsky brilliantly developed by A.S.Pushkin and recreated by L.Tolstoi. The delivery scene of the duchess Bolkonskaya (War and Peace) and the snowstorm scene of the meeting of Anna and Vronsky at the railway station (Anna Karenina) are considered as concentrated incarnation of one of its variations - terrible storm at terrible night.
Key words: literature universals; snowstorm; s
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Semantic and syntactical variations of the poem by M.Y.Lermontov Когда волнуется желтеющая нива in the creative work of the poets of the 40-50s of the XIX century
There is characterized the influence of Lermontovs lyrics on the poets of the 40-50s of the XIX century reflected not only in the images, themes, motives, genres but also at the composition level. The poem Когда волнуется желтеющая нива written in the indicated period became an example for many authors of the middle of the century. Its construction may be called the key protoquotation that entailed a number of poetic quotations, poems-allusions. The brightest examples are in the lyrics of A.N.Maikov, N.F.Shcherbina, A.K.Tolstoi, I.S.Turgenev, A.A.Fet.
Key words: semantics; variation; period; composition; proquotation; tradition
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Word and fate of Rudin
There is researched the problem of relation between word and deed at the main character of I.S.Turgenevs novel Rudin. The plot of search for deed is built by Turgenev as a plot of search for himself that means for Rudin finding of equivalent between general word and himself. His death is really heroic because this death is in the name of future joint of word about the universal with deed with universal sense.
Key words: hero; heroic; fate; word; deed; death
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Shtolts and psychological motivations of his behaviour in the novel by I.A.Goncharov Oblomov
There is considered the novel by I.A.Goncharov Oblomov in the aspect of relationships between its two main characters - Ilya Oblomov and Andrey Shtolts. The research subject is the psychological motivation of Shtolts behaviour with the functions given by the author: general literature (means of the novels idea confirmation) and particular literature (it is a concrete mission of the main character in the novel Oblomov). There are also proved the given functions at Shtolts image.
Key words: novel's composition; novel's plot; psychological conditionality of the novel's composition
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ВОПРОСЫ ИЗУЧЕНИЯ РУССКОЙ ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ XX в.
Plot without a hero: Unknown Friend by I.A.Bunin
In the plot of I.A.Bunins Unknown Friend one of the main characters is absent but it does not change the sense as it is in the space and gaps between the chains of events, built in the inter-personage space. The image of the main character is reflected in the authors I, in the echoes of traditional genres such as novels and short stories in letters, in referring with the later texts.
Key words: author; character; auto-personage; novel in letters
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Lyrical portrait traits in the stories by I.A.Bunin Renunciation Night, Prelate
I.A.Bunin remains to be a poet in the prose writing that is no more an opening for the researchers. His prosaic texts are of lyrical origin. There are revealed the peculiarities of the lyrical portrait created by I.A.Bunin and in the small prose, in particular in the stories Renunciation Night and Prelate.
Key words: lyrical portrait; landscape; sound component; folk motives of singing and crying; icon
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Archetype of Sun in K.D.Balmonts works
There are revealed the solar primary sources of K.D.Balmonts works and the main aspects of sun comprehension of things in his creative work: sun wisdom, childs sacrament of world oblation and the connection of childs and flowers images with gospel Christianity.
Key words: archetype of sun and childhood; sun man; sun wisdom; sun yarn; image of flower
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Praying for a bowl of F.Villon in the poetic myth of O.Mandelshtam
There is regarded the motive praying for a bowl in the lyrics of O.Mandelshtam relating firstly to the comprehension of fate and creative work of F.Villon. There is described Mandelshtams creating a poetic myth about Villon. There are noted the common things of the motive praying for a bowl with the motives of the poems Hephsiman Garden and Hamlet and the novel by M.Bulgakov Master and Margarita.
Key words: poetic myth; motive; interpretation; goblet; bowl
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The phenomenon memory in the artistic system of B.Pasternak
There is described the influence of phenomenology philosophy on the creative system of B.Pasternak, analysed the category memory as one of the central ones in the philosophical and ethical poets vocabulary, trace the correlation of the notions memory, immortality, art.
Key words: B.Pasternak; memory; immortality; phenomenology; art
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The mythologem fate in Kolyma Stories by V.Shalamov
There are shown the variations of the mythologem fate in Kolyma Stories by Varlam Shalamov. The revealed regularities of the given mythologem use discover the originality of the artistic world model in this work.
Key words: mythologem; archaic and mythological layer; ambivalence; variations; archaic thinking
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The discourse creating mind in the novel by V.Makanin The portrait and around
There are regarded the conceptual problems of creative process understanding in Makanins axiology of the 80s. The ontology of creative work in the novel The portrait and around is shown in the dynamics of the dramatic transformation of profession serving classical paradigm in the despair gesture in front of the truth of the final sober self-appraisal.
Key words: Makanin; artistic mind; existence; parable; detective; court and fault
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A.Kims prose of 1980s: genres poetics
There is considered the problem of genres poetics of A.Kims prose of the 1980s. There is researched the phenomenon of intermediality shown in the authors use of the devices bringing together literature and painting (composition laws), music (polyphonic form, counterpoint). There is analysed the modification of novel form in the creative work of A.Kim, revealed the originality of its mythology.
Key words: poetics; story; novel; genre; myth; intermediality
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Philosophical and moral range of problems of Achaean cycle by G.L.Oldi
In the Achaean cycle by G.L.Oldi there is comprehended the number of philosophical and moral problems close to a modern reader. There are put the complicated philosophic questions about the human nature, moral reasons for his deeds, essence of heroism, about the qualities of a real hero.
Key words: G.L.Oldi; range of problems; ancient Greek myth; Fantasy; Heracles; Odysseus
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ПРОБЛЕМЫ ИЗУЧЕНИЯ ЗАРУБЕЖНОЙ ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ
Peculiarities of authors consciousness in the creative work diverse in terms of genre of A. Huxley
There is suggested the analysis of the integral cognitive model of the authors consciousness as a specific object based on the material of works by A.Huxley diverse in terms of genre. Narrative texts are considered as the result of aesthetic activity in which there is actualized the dominant sense and emotions arising as the result of authors cognition and reflection of the world around.
Key words: author's consciousness; cognitive model; dominant personality sense; emotive dominant
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Essay story in the Mordovian literature of the beginning of the XX century: genre and style synthesis issue
The development of the genre story in the Mordovian literature of the beginning of the XX century is marked with nonstandard episodes characterized by different types of relations between epic genres and fiction essayist. The way of genre progress appears as a line string that consists of pieces of pure form (story) and multilayer synthesizing structures (essay, essay story, sketch story) that in its turn proves the urgency of studying the issue of genres development in their change, interactions, interpenetrations.
Key words: genre; genre synthesis; in-genre variations; story; essay; literature
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Image of San Francisco in the early works by Frank Norris
There is revealed the specific nature of artistic image of San Francisco created by an American writer of the XIX century Frank Norris in his early works Blix, Moran of the Lady Letty and McTeague.
Key words: Norris; Frank; California; San Francisco; city image; XIX century; American literature
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Fantasy: genre or literary school?
There is considered the issue of the fantasy phenomenon. Researchers mainly call it a genre but it is more correct to note it as a fantastic literary school because fantasy is characterized by a special plot, composition, world picture and characters type (features characteristic of the literary school) and they are stipulated by the nature of the fantastic.
Key words: fantasy; genre; literary school; fantastic literature; subject and thematic literature field
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НАУЧНАЯ ЖИЗНЬ. РЕЦЕНЗИИ
Л.И. Баранникова - ученый, учитель
Key words:
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Рецензия на монографию С.Г. ВоркачЁва «Правды ищи: идея справедливости в русской лингвокультуре». (Волгоград : Парадигма, 2009. 190 с.)
Key words:
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СЕМЬЯИ ЧЕЛОВЕК В НАРОДНОЙ ВОЛШЕБНО Й СКАЗКЕ (Мир семейных отношений в русских народных волшебных сказках. Владивосток: Дальнаука, 2005; Мотивы тела и телесных состояний человека в русских народных волшебных сказках Сибири и Дальнего Востока. Владивосток: Дальнаука, 2009).
Key words:
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