Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№6 (50) 2010
2010 г.
СОВРЕМЕННАЯ ТЕОРИЯ ЯЗЫКА
To differentiation of the notions exoglossia and exoglossic linguistic situation
There are differentiated the notions of exoglossia as a metaglossic parameter of language evolution and exoglossic linguistic situation as a functioning type of a particular language or language form. There are also extended some certain points of sociolinguistic typology.
Key words: metaglossic parameter of language evolution; exoglossia; exoglossic linguistic situation; functional unbalance of linguistic situation components
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To the question of ethnospecific concept research methods
There are stated the peculiarities of ethnospecific concepts and suggested the complex methodology of their analysis. There are given the results of conceptual analysis on the example of ethnospecific concept Gemütlichkeit.
Key words: ethnospecific concept; conceptual analysis methodology
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Semantic metalanguage and defining vocabulary
There is described the problem of semantic metalanguage making, analyzed the area of vocabulary explaining and researched the characteristics of defining vocabulary in the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.
Key words: semantic metalanguage; definition; defining vocabulary
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To the question of category correlations emotionality, emotiveness, expressiveness
There are analyzed the various approaches offered in scientific literature to interpretation and correlation of such categories as emotionality, emotiveness, expressiveness. In conclusion there is suggested the authors interpretation of the analyzed problem.
Key words: category; emotionality; emotiveness; expressiveness; emphasis
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Cognitive model wealth in the modern mediatext space: value conflict
There is considered the conceptual analysis of the national model wealth performed in the modern mediatext. Double-level semantic context of the model wealth is represented with the help of the language and compositional components of the mediatext, as well as cultural and historical information. The author states axiological conflict between the traditional conceptions and materialistic ideology constructs.
Key words: concept "wealth"; ethnic model of the world; mediatext; values; representation
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Trick is a terminological designation of the comic
There are regarded the tricks in satirical narrative texts by A.Trushkin and M.Zadornov that realize the following pragmatic aims in subjective and assessing attitude to the represented or authors self-expression; readers value orientation.
Key words: trick; expressive emotional and assessing component; presupposition; subjective and assessing relations; artistic devices
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Concept good orator in ordinary linguistic consciousness and rhetorical training
There is revealed the possibility of defining experiment use. Experimental methodology is illustrated by the concept good orator description. Experiment results made it possible to reveal the most important traits of a good orator for ordinary consciousness - the ability to influence on people and achieve the aim.
Key words: ordinary consciousness; concept; defining experiment; cognitive interpretation; brightness index; cognitive sign
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Juridical discourse genres: formats, scripts, texts
There is regarded the genre organization of juridical discourse - genre formats of legal subjects interaction (as the correlation of situational, standard and value and speech elements), scripts (as the change of situational changes directed at compliance with the norms) and texts (as the form of juridical discourse situation). There are suggested the criteria of juridical discourse genres classification.
Key words: juridical discourse; speech genre; genre format; juridical discourse scripts; juridical texts
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СРАВНИТЕЛЬНО-ИСТОРИЧЕСКОЕ, ТИПОЛОГИЧЕСКОЕ И СОПОСТАВИТЕЛЬНОЕ ЯЗЫКОЗНАНИЕ
Figurative representation of abstract subject emotional state in the Russian, Czech and English languages
There are regarded the phraseological units of the semantic field condition in the Russian, Czech and English languages. The description of the units is given from the positions of the semantic analysis in combination with the linguistic and culturological research elements.
Key words: comparative linguistics; semantic analysis; closely related and non-closely related languages; phraseology; emotional state; linguistic culturology
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The peculiarities of somebody elses speech transferring in the Slavonic text of the Gospel in comparison with the ancient Greek text
There are researched the constructions with somebody elses speech in the Old Slavonic and Old Russian texts of the Gospel, described the main ways of somebody elses speech introduction, shown the regularities of verb form translation and stylistic peculiarities of the Slavonic text of the Gospel in the area of somebody elses speech transferring in comparison with the Greek original.
Key words: somebody else's speech; the Old Russian language; the Old Slavonic language; the Gospel
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Ellipsis as one of modification types of phraseological units of literature origin (based on German and Russian Internet publications)
There is considered the ellipsis as one of widespread modification types of phraseological units of literature origin. There is analyzed the ellipsis use with the purpose of speech economy, for making deceived expectation effect, for strengthening the emotional and assessing function of a phraseological unit, as well as euphemistic function.
Key words: phraseological unit of literature origin; phraseological unit modification; occasional transformation; ellipsis
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Accentual distribution and character of speech perception
There are investigated the rhythmic parameters of sounding speech. The speech rhythm is considered as one of the indicators of emotionality expression in speech. The rhythmic parameters of speech are characterized by the length of the rhythmic groups, the number of accentual syllables in the rhythmic group, the tendencies of their arrangement.
Key words: sounding speech; rhythmic parameters; rhythmic group; accentual syllable; accentual distribution
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The Russian and French phraseological unit originality in the ethnic and cultural vein
The linguistic and cultural specificity of phraseological units is shown in its figurative base (inner form), study of which contributes to the culture codes (meanings) revelation, explaining the conduct and perception models of the world around both in a separately concerned linguistic society and in comparison with others.
Key words: linguistic culturology; culture code; phraseological unit inner form; ethnic and cultural specificity of a phraseological unit; linguistic world picture
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About the quantitative aspectuality meaning realization in the Ingush language
There are regarded the following types of quantitative aspectuality: iteration, habituation, multiplication, usuality, rarity. There are described the grammatical and lexico-grammatical means of expression of the mentioned meanings in the Ingush language. The grammatical means of the quantitative aspectuality actualization are analytical and synthetical verb forms, lexical and grammatical means are iterative and semelfactive verbs.
Key words: aspectuality; action multiplicity; iterative; rarity; habituation; usuality
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ПРОБЛЕМЫ РУСИСТИКИ
Speech realization of phraseological meaning in lexical reflection
There are described the peculiarities of speech realization of phraseological meaning in phraseological context, methods of lexicographic description of phraseological unit communicative and pragmatic characteristics. There are given the examples of lexicographic notion of phraseological unit meaning in authors text illustrations.
Key words: training phraseography; communication oriented dictionary; phraseological meaning; text illustrations
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Hyperbolization discursive conditionality in social and political journalism and advertising
There are shown the essence, terminology, functioning of the improbable speech figures. Hyperbola is analyzed as a dominant means of improbability making in newspaper discourse in its social and political journalism and advertising varieties. There are specified the intentional prerequisites of improbable exaggeration method use connected with social rating expression and advertising offer.
Key words: hyperbola; hyperbolization; improbable speech figures; newspaper discourse; function; communicative tactics
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Locality category in Russian linguistic world picture
There is researched the locality category involvement into the Russian linguistic culture, considered the different methods of the given semantics actualization with the use of broad language material, revealed the connection of locality category with other functional and semantic categories. There is the conclusion made about the place of locality category in Russian linguistic world picture.
Key words: category; locality; Russian; linguistic world picture; linguistic culture
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Psychological and linguistic parameters of a supporting speech act
There is analyzed the supporting speech act and its varieties. There are shown the types of communicative situations where there is reflected the given speech act, their structure, the peculiarities of linguistic realization of supporting intention.
Key words: speech act; intention; support; communicative situation; language means
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The principals of word semantics modeling in a text
There are revealed the possibilities and conditions of word text semantics modeling process, substantiated the theoretical principles and mechanisms of text resource involvement into the word semantics development, made the conclusion that organizing its informational space in two directions a text forms the new meaning of its units.
Key words: modeling; text semantics; text structure zoning; informational zones and tiers of a text; informational centre; generalized meaning level
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Representants of concept happiness in the prose by Victoria Tokareva
There are regarded the representants of the concept happiness based on the Victoria Tokarevas cycle Love Terror.
Key words: representants; concept; lexeme; linguistic and culturological approach; lexical and semantic variant (LSV)
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Categorial structure of the concept woman in regional linguistic world picture
There is considered the concept woman in Voronezh dialect speakers consciousness. There are analyzed the dialect means of concept objectification, revealed their cognitive signs, described the categorial structure. Based on the findings there are defined the conceptualization peculiarities of idea about a woman in the regional linguistic world picture.
Key words: cognitive linguistics; concept; cognitive sign; categorial concept structure; regional linguistic world picture
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ВОПРОСЫ ГЕРМАНИСТИКИ
Explication of comprehension methods of involuntary memory in component structure and secondary nomination unit semantics in the German language
There are researched the formal and semantic characteristics of verb collocations in the German language representing involuntary memory that makes it possible to find out the interpretation methods of the given operations and their participants reflected in the lexical and semantic language system.
Key words: verb collocations; semantics; components; thematic code; series; somatisms
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Sociolinguistic review of business blogging (based on the English language)
There is given the business blogging discourse analysis that takes on social significance and forms business reality. There are classified the new phenomena in business blogging and made the conclusion about widening its functions in the world. To categorize business blogs the author applies his methodology of headline analysis defining the basic strategies of blog name as well as its hypertext status and functional and style specificity.
Key words: blog; discourse; business; function; sociolinguistic analysis
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Concept Ordnung in German philosophic discourse
There is described the ethnospecific concept Ordnung in German linguistic culture on the example of German philosophers works of XVIII - XIX centuries. There are offered the conceptual and figurative concept components typical for the mentioned period. Great attention is paid to the value component on the basis of the analysis of synonymous nouns and adjectives in microcontextual concept field.
Key words: concept; Ordnung; philosophic discourse; conceptual metaphor; conceptual sign; value component of the concept; figurative component of the concept; conceptual component of the concept; affinity metaphor
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Culinary language realities in pragmalinguistic aspect (based on Charles Dickens works)
There is regarded the realization of authors pragmatic problem with the help of language realities with the semantics food. There are also demonstrated some aspects of English world picture (based on Charles Dickens works). As a result there are revealed five functional features of the mentioned realities that reflect English linguistic personality.
Key words: language realities; semantics; national character; literature text; functions; pragmatics
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ПРОБЛЕМЫ ОНОМАСТИКИ
Anthroponyms as a means of national culture expressing
There is shown that anthroponyms are an important means of national culture reflecting that expresses itself in naming official formula structure, in choice of vocative and qualitative forms, in the whole of peoples anthroponymy.
Key words: anthroponym; linguistic culture; vocative formula; personal name; surname; nickname
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Functional and semantic originality of hydromyms in printed matters of the region happening at different times
There is considered the regional toponymy based on the material of geographical names with the meaning expanse of water, reservoir. There is suggested the field approach to characterizing functional and semantic unity of language units at different synchronous profiles of the period from the end XIX - beginning XXI centuries in Russian literature language development taking into account the system relations of proprietary vocabulary in the frame of the assignable segment of model-based field structure.
Key words: toponymic vocabulary; language of region; functional and semantic field; segment structure; synchronous and diachronic processes
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Microtoponymical realities: ethnolinguistic aspect (based on the material of the Transkama, Republic of Tatarstan)
The objects of the analysis are microtoponyms from Ural and Altaic, Altaic, Finno-Ugric, Iranian, Turkic, Mongolian, Arabic and Persian and Russian languages. There is emphasized that the Tatar onomastics consisting of ethnolinguistic strata in aggregate form an integrated linguistic world picture.
Key words: microtoponymical realities; ethnolinguistic strata; world picture; ethnic perception
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Notes to oronymy study of Republic of Kalmykia
There are considered the different oronym categories, given the lists of oronym names of Kalmyk and Russian origin, noted the connection between oronym system and traditional Kalmyk sector - cattlebreeding.
Key words: toponymy; oronymy; onyms; oronyms; hydrooronyms
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Semantic transformations of oikonyms in modern regional mass media publications texts
There is stated the problem of population aggregate names functioning in modern regional mass media publications texts. There is revealed the specificity of particular semantic transformations of oikonyms.
Key words: lexical semantics; onomastics; oikonym; particular semantic transformations
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The relations author - addressee in nickname nomination (based on school nicknames material)
There is shown that school nicknames have three important characteristics: gender, status and emotional and estimating. There is also proved the universal character of school nicknames.
Key words: anthroponym; nickname; naming subject; addressee; direct nomination; indirect nomination; motivational model
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АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ ЛИТЕРАТУРОВЕДЕНИЯ
«Всему пора, всему свой миг» about the point of life period division in Pushkins lyrics
The motive of life cyclicity marked the transition from lyceum to Petersburg periods of Pushkins lyrics. It reflected the poets vision of his lifes historicism and the dialectics of soul. The deed is always associated with premonition, reminiscence and [or] oblivion. Playing the role of catharsis they not only inherit time deed but at every age time run through it.
Key words: elegiac epistle; age change historicism; satiety as catharsis; reminiscence as catharsis
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Falsification of death in the poem by A.S.Pushkin My Will to Friends
There is the attempt taken to differentiate the terms lyric hero and lyric subject. In analyzing the attitude of A.S.Pushkins lyrical subject to death in the poem My Will to Friends there are revealed some peculiarities of authors behavior typical for further poets creative work.
Key words: lyric subject; death; poet; creative work
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Petersburg - Petrograd - Leningrad (Notes about artistic city by A.Blok, V.Brusov, A.Beliy, A.Akhmatova)
Artistic Petersburg by A.Akhmatova took in the features of the city represented in the earlier literature, that is why one can remember the events of The Petersburg Story by A.S.Pushkin, Twelve by A.Blok, Petersburg by A.Beliy. Petersburg by A.Akhmatova is a strong polyphonic resonant space with different historical events.
Key words: Petersburg; artistic city; boom; horseman; revolution
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Playing space in the prosaic cycle by L.D.Zinovieva-Annibal Tragic menagerie
There is revealed the specificity of playing space implementation in the prose by L.D.Zinovieva-Annibal that lies both in settlement by child character of unchildish forest space and in the characters involvement into the traditional childhood subculture by means of surrounding reality transformation.
Key words: locus; subject situation; symbolic function of a subject; individual myth
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Conflict system in the novel Nanny from Moscow by I.S.Shmelev
There are considered the spiritual and moral conflicts in the novel by I.S.Shmelev Nanny from Moscow that in many respects allows to comprehend the nationality problem in the authors interpretation.
Key words: nationality; orthodox culture; spiritual and moral conflict; society; epoch
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The motive of literary and biographical feeble-mindedness in Velimir Khlebnikovs works
The creative work of poet Velimir Khlebnikov is regarded from the point of view of feeble-mindedness. There are revealed the basic features of this phenomenon and analyzed their interpretation in the biography of the futurist writer. There is the conclusion made that the feeble-mindedness motive is one of the main in Velimir Khlebnikovs works
Key words: Velimir Khlebnikov; cube-futurism; jester image; laugh; futurism; feeble-mindedness
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This sinister and squalid Paris in the novel by G.Gazdanov Night Ways
There is represented the central figure of G.Gazdanovs novel Night Ways - polyphonic image of Paris - and its basic artistic incarnations.
Key words: G.Gazdanov; novel "Night Ways"; Paris; chronotop; artistic image; Babylon; Russian emigrant
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Artistic interpretation of the village theme in the novel by M.Y.Karpov The Refractory
There is regarded the poetics of the novel The Refractory by M.Y.Karpov (1898 - 1937) whose prose hasnt been republished since the middle of the 1930s. Special attention is paid to the principals of artistic interpretation of the village theme of the 1920s. There is shown the process of transformation of spiritual essence of Russian peasant consciousness as a consequence of village revolutionary reforms.
Key words: forgotten novel; post-October village; peasant consciousness transformation
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N.V.Herbel as the interpreter of George Crabbes poem fragments
There is for the first time carried out the comparative analysis of the original texts of George Crabbes poem fragments The Village (1783) and The Parish Register (1807) and their Russian translations made in the second half of the 1850s by N.V.Herbel. There are also analyzed the word-for-word translations of Crabbes poem fragments made by A.V.Druzhinin in the middle of the 1850s that in many respects became the basis of N.V.Herbels further interpretations.
Key words: George Crabbe; Russian and English literature and historical and cultural relations; artistic translation; reception; comparative linguistics; tradition
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To the question of the song poetry authorship
In the song poetry there are several types of the synthetic text making: from single authors (a singer is the author of both the music and the poetic text) to anonymous (a group creates the song collectively). There is an attempt taken to work out the method (authorized text centrism) of authorship identification in the systems of the mixed semiosis from the literature study point of view.
Key words: authorship; song poetry; synthetic text; subtexts; form generative intention; authorized text centrism
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Image of author of prosaic narrative texts of the 1990-2000s
There is described the image of author of prosaic narrative texts created at the turn of XX-XIX centuries. On the one part the authors image is still perceived as a system image, on the other part there is the transformation taking place that is connected with authors mind defocusing (A.Genis), authors death (S.Bart), with the fact that the author was brought down from the pedestal long ago (K.Stepanyan).
Key words: narrator; texts of the turn of centuries
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НАУЧНАЯ ЖИЗНЬ. РЕЦЕНЗИИ
Пространство смысла (Рецензия на книгу: Кривонос В.Ш. Гоголь: Проблемы творчества и интерпретации. - Самара: СГПУ , 2009. - 420 с.)
Key words:
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