Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№9 (132) 2018
2018 г.
Педагогические науки
Traditions and innovations in the activity of the Russian Academy of Education: to the 75th anniversary of its formation
The article characterizes the process of the development of academic science in Russia during 75 years since its formation. The main results of the activities of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the Russian Federation, the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the USSR and the Russian Academy of Education are summarized.
Key words: АПН РСФСР; АПН СССР; Российская академия образования; the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the Russian Federation; the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the USSR; the Russian Academy of Education
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Pedagogical activity as an instrument for the reproduction of cultural-historical types
The article considers pedagogical activity as a product and instrument of reproduction of cultural and historical types. It is asserted that the pedagogical tradition and ideals of upbringing reflect the basic values that have been formed in the course of the development of these types. The author distinguishes three main types of pedagogical traditions and ideals of upbringing: socio-centric, anthropocentric and dualistic. It is shown that pedagogical activity is the main means of preserving the otherness of cultural-historical types.
Key words: культурно-исторический тип; культурный генотип; ядро культуры; архетипические педагогические представления; социоцентризм; антропоцентризм; дуализм; парадигма воспитания; cultural-historical type; cultural genotype; the core of culture; archetypal pedagogical ideals; socio-centrism; anthropocentrism; dualism; the paradigm of upbringing
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Strategic management and flexible methodologies for managing the implementation of training standards in pedagogical areas
The article deals with the problems in the field of teacher training related to the new stage in the development of the system of standardization and quality management in higher education. Special attention is paid to the unprecedented rigidity of the decisions taken by the Federal Inspectorate in Education and Science in recent months and years which requires that universities create their own effective strategies for managing educational activities and, in particular, introduce modern tools of strategic management and flexible management methodologies.
Key words: педагогическое образование; аккредитация; стратегический менеджмент; гибкие методологии управления; компетентностный подход; знаньевый подход; pedagogical education; accreditation; strategic management; flexible management methodologies; competence approach; knowledge approach
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The image and interpersonal appeal of a professional teacher today
The article is concerned with the problem of formation of an attractive image of a modern teacher as a professional specialist, a business person, and a successful personality along with increasing his general cultural and professional literacy, the expansion of his spirituality and social communication in the networked educational environment.
Key words: цифровое образование; сетевая образовательная среда; имидж специалиста-профессионала; профессионализм педагога; межличностная привлекательность; духовная сущность человека; интеркультурная коммуникабельность; самоконтроль; субъект; личность; digital education; network educational environment; professional image; professionalism of the teacher; interpersonal attraction; spiritual essence of a person; intercultural communication skills; self-control; subject; personality
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Realization of a professional orientation of training of students of pedagogical high school in a social educational network
The article deals with the necessity of formation of the teacher's experience as a subject of educational and information activity in the electronic environment. The author analyzes the peculiarities of the professional activity of the teacher in the context of the development of information technologies and the strengthening the global communication systems. Two ways of providing technological and organizational conditions for the development of such experience in training in a university are discussed. The experience of the Volgograd State Social and Pedagogical University on the implementation of these conditions is described.
Key words: информатизация образования; педагогический вуз; подготовка педагога; субъектный опыт; социальная образовательная сеть; электронный ресурс; informatization of education; pedagogical university; teacher training; subject experience; social educational network; electronic resource
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Interactive electronic textbook: the view of a student, teacher, and publisher
The article deals with a current direction of applied linguodidactical researches on the development and application of interactive electronic teaching aids addressed to students of higher education. The technology and methods of working with the interactive electronic textbook “English for Law Students” are considered. The structure and content of the textbook, the main stages of work, and methodological recommendations are described.
Key words: интерактивный электронный учебник; дистанционное обучение; языковое образование; interactive electronic textbook; distance learning; language education
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Designing the content of the course "Information Subject-Oriented Educational Environments" as an Element of Teaching Primary School Teachers
The article summarizes material on the theory and practice of designing the content of the course "Information Subject-Oriented Educational Environments". A design scheme, design activity samples (individual educational trajectories, transformation of content into a task material) are presented. The author covers the problem of considering the teacher's professional standard when designing the content of the academic discipline.
Key words: проектирование содержания курса; индивидуальные образовательные траектории; информационно-коммуникационная компетентность; трудовые функции; профессиональный стандарт педагога; course content design; individual educational trajectories; information and communication competence; labor functions; professional standard of the teacher
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Professional tasks of the teacher in the implementation of communicative activities in the electronic educational environment
The article describes a system of professional tasks the teacher can carry out to engage students in communicative activities in the electronic educational environment. The system is based on the analysis of scientific literature, normative documents and the consideration of groups of professional tasks constructed within the framework of the competence approach to the organization of higher pedagogical education. The author proposes updating the content of professional tasks to make it possible to introduce changes in the system of training future teachers.
Key words: профессиональные задачи учителя; коммуникативная деятельность; электронная образовательная среда; компетентностный подход; подготовка учителя; professional tasks of the teacher; communicative activity; electronic educational environment; competence approach; teacher training
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The educational environment of the educational organization as a factor in the development of social activity of students
The article considers the role of the educational environment of educational organizations (both schools and universities) in the formation of social activity of the students, as well as some aspects and results of camp counsellor training.
Key words: школьники; студенты; вожатые; воспитательная среда; воспитывающая среда; образовательные организации; организации отдыха детей и их оздоровления; образовательный модуль; педагогическая практика; schoolchildren; students; counselor; child training environment; educating environment; educational organizations; organising children's leisure and recreation; educational module; pedagogical practice
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The introduction of younger adolescents to reading in the context of the implementation of extra academic activity
The article describes the experience of revealing and approbation of pedagogical conditions for the organization of extracurricular activities aimed at involving students of the 5th grade in reading. The author considers younger adolescence to be an important period in the development of reading competence.
Key words: программа внеурочной деятельности; приобщение к чтению; читательская компетентность; компетенции; младшие подростки; program of extra academic activity; introduction to reading; reading competence; competence; younger adolescents
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Model of psychological and pedagogical support of emotional development of children in a modern kindergarten
The article is describes the conditions for the realization of the model of psychological and pedagogical support for the emotional development of preschool children. The author presents a model of psychological and pedagogical support of the emotional development of preschool children and the results of its experimental approbation in the kindergarten. The content and sequence of tasks accompanying the emotional development of children's activities is shown on the example of the average preschool age.
Key words: моциональное развитие; психолого-педагогическое сопровождение; структурно-функциональная модель; задачи эмоционального развития; условия сопровождения; дети дошкольного возраста; emotional development; psychological and pedagogical support; structural and functional model; tasks of emotional development; conditions of support; children of preschool age
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Preparation of students for the implementation of aesthetic education of schoolchildren in the teaching of biology
The article deals with the problem of preparing university students for the implementation of aesthetic education of secondary school pupils in the course of biological education. Stages and levels of students’ readiness of for aesthetic education are determined.
Key words: эстетическое воспитание учащихся; aesthetic education of students
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Development of a school chemical experiment in a summer camp
The article describes a school chemical workshop aimed at determining the state of the environment. The workshop is designed for 14 hours for students in grades 10-11 specializing in the field of natural science. It was revealed by the author that, when taking part in the workshop in a summer camp, students discover the chemistry of the environment from the experimental side, so they develop experimental skills in chemistry.
Key words: школьный химический эксперимент; практическая работа; практикум; school chemical experiment; practical work; workshop
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Methodology for presenting the topics "Secondary quantization" and "Quantum harmonic oscillator" in the framework of the course "Fundamentals of theoretical physics" for students of teacher training universities
The article is devoted to teaching methodology of the topics "Secondary quantization" and "Quantum Harmonic Oscillator". The importance of secondary quantization methods in the scientific and educational activities of students is revealed. The author also speculates on the importance of the problem of a harmonic oscillator. The methods for solving this problem are analyzed. The advantages of the presentation of the theme "Quantum Harmonic Oscillator" are discussed as an example illustrating the application of the method of secondary quantization.
Key words: вторичное квантование; квантовый гармонический осциллятор; secondary quantization; quantum harmonic oscillator
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Formation and evaluation of the methodological competence of bachelors in Pedagogy in modern conditions (on the example of the specialization "Biology and Chemistry")
The article is concerned with the ways and conditions for the formation of methodological competence of prospective teachers with a bachelor degree in biology and chemistry in conditions of Ammosov North-East Federal Uiversity.
Key words: федеральный государственный образовательный стандарт; профессиональный стандарт; компетентность; компетентностный подход; профессиональная компетентность; методическая компетентность; federal state educational standard; professional standard; competence; competence approach; professional competence; methodological competence
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School reform and school reform again": Walter Rathenau on the German School and Education
The article presents Walter Rathenau’s views on the future of German youth on the basis of articles published in 1910-1921. The author shows that Rathenau’s ideas are inextricably linked with the development of the German education system and its reform. The strengths and weaknesses of the German school are considered; the ways of its improvement are indicated.
Key words: Вальтер Ратенау; образование; воспитание; обучение; немецкая школа; реформа; Walter Rathenau; education; upbringing; training; German school; reform
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Psychological features of mastering writing skills in a foreign language
The article describes psychological features of aquiring writing skills in a foreign language. The features of internal and external speech are considered. The author analyzes receptive and productive types of students’ speech activity in a foreign language.
Key words: письменная компетенция; речевая деятельность; зрительный и eq речедвигательный анализаторы; содержание обучения; eq вторичный текст; eq внешняя и внутренняя речь; зрительная система; writing competence; speech activity; writing analyzers; teaching content; text; inner speech; visual system
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Филологические науки
Functionalism: Approach or Paradigm?
The article explores the initial positions and affirms the uniform (functional) basis of the communicative-pragmatic and cognitive directions in cognitive linguistics. The concepts of function and functioning are investigated and their significance for the study of any linguistic phenomenon is postulated. The conclusion is made about the basic status of the main provisions of functionalism for the development of linguistic science as a whole.
Key words: функционализм; когнитивная лингвистика; прагматика; язык; коммуникация; functionalism; cognitive linguistics; pragmatics; language; communication
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Specifics of a portrait interview of a creative personality
The article conducts a multidimensional analysis of the portrait interview of a creative person in the modern Russian press. The peculiarities of the communicative interaction between the interviewer and the interviewee, as well as the correlation between interviews and spontaneous conversations, are considered.
Key words: диалогическая коммуникация; диалогические медиажанры; интервью в печати; портретное интервью; интервьюер; интервьюируемый; субъектные сферы; dialogic communication; dialogic media genres; interviews in print; portrait interview; interviewer; interviewee; subject spheres
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Numerals in the chronicles of Russian Pomorie(on the material of the "Solovetsky Chronicler" of the 18th century)
The article deals with the formal characteristics of numerals functioning in the text of the "Solovetsky chronicler". The conclusion is made about the influence of grammatical norms on numerals, which received a general literary status in the XVIII century and which were limited in the use by a narrower group of texts, predominantly of business style. The author reveals a connection between the language of the source being analyzed and live spoken language.
Key words: имена числительные; «Соловецкий летописец»; XVIII век; грамматика; лексикализация; numerals; "Solovetsky chronicler"; XVIII century; grammar; lexicalization
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Dialectic vocabulary as a translator of knowledge of regional cultures
The article explores the differences between the dialectal and normative vocabulary which are traditionally revealed by phonetic and grammatical criteria. The author proposes to use denotative and connotative components of semantics as well as the insight into cultural and historical reasons to reveal the discrepancy. The results of linguocultural studies of dialectisms are presented, the role of dialectisms as translators of extralinguistic knowledge is shown.
Key words: немецкая диалектология; диалектизмы; лингвокультурологические исследования; культурно-маркированная лексика; частично эквивалентная и фоновая лексика; German dialectology; dialectism; linguocultural studies; culturally-labeled vocabulary; partially equivalent and background vocabulary
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Communicative accommodation as a strategy for maintaining the harmony of interpersonal communication in Internet-mediated interaction
The article deals with the case analysis of the use of communicative accommodation as a strategy for maintaining harmonious relations and preventing conflict in a cross-cultural Internet-mediated communication environment through business e-mails. The cases under analysis are considered as discursively connected episodes of interaction.
Key words: электронное письмо; коммуникативная аккомодация; гармония межличностного общения; межкультурная коммуникация; стратегия; electronic letter; communicative accommodation; harmony of interpersonal communication; intercultural communication; strategy
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The correlation of mental structures in the process of production of speech utterance and in lexicographic practice: an attempt at differentiation of concepts
The article deals with the problem of terminological differentiation of linguistic notions "concept", "field" and "frame". The author determines the reasons for unjustified equcation of their meanings. The nature of the relationship of these key concepts in modern linguistics is explained by the mechanism of production of the speech utterance. Differentiation of the above terms allows us to consider (and use in practice) a frame as a scheme for establishing the field of linguistic signs that verbalize the concept as the total knowledge about an object or a phenomenon.
Key words: концепт; фрейм; поле; механизм производства речевого высказывания; психолингвистическая модель поля; идеографическая лексикография; concept; frame; field; mechanism of speech utterance production; psycholinguistic field model; ideographic lexicography
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Conceptualization of help in language consciousness
The article is concerned with the mental formation “assistance” in the modern Russian language consciousness. The author determines central semantic features of the concept under study, reveals the essence of assistance as an interactive action, identifies situational components of assistance. Behavioral norms associated with receiving and providing assistance are characterized. Moral and utilitarian prescriptions and the guidelines of the recipient and the sender of assistance are described.
Key words: помощь; концепт; ценность; норма; языковое сознание; help; concept; value; norm; language consciousness
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Strategies for the communicative behavior of the addressee of blackmail
The article is devoted to the analysis of blackmail from the position of the addressee. The author identifies the most typical strategies of the adressee’s communicative behavior such as adaptation, rivalry and avoidance. The communicative behavior of the victim is described through the categories of subordination, communicative mitigation as well as the phenomena of communicative activity, bluff and communicative sabotage.
Key words: шантаж; коммуникативное поведение; стратегия; речевой акт; соперничество; избегание; приспособление; blackmail; communicative behavior; strategy; speech act; rivalry; avoidance; adaptation
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Semiotics of “dacha” as a concept of the habitat of the Russian aristocracy and the elite of the XVIII - XIX centuries: objective, expressive and value characteristics
The article describes semiotics of “dacha” as a concept of the habitat of the Russian aristocracy and the elite of the XVIII - XIX centuries. The author reveals objective, expressive (descriptive) and value characteristics of the concept under analysis. The relationships of the “dacha” concept with the related concepts “usadba”, “pomestiye”, “myza” and “imeniye” are considered. The differential features that distinguish the semantics of the concept “dacha” from the names of related concepts are defined.
Key words: дача; знак; картина мира; концепт; прагматоним; семиотика; хабитат; country house; sign; picture of the world; concept; pragmatonym; semiotics; habitat
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Language means of arguing in tourist discourse: a comparative aspect
The article deals with language means of argumentation in German and Russian tourist prospectuses, which represent one of the most popular genres of tourist discourse. In the course of the analysis, language means of argumentation which have an emotional impact on the addressee are determined. The features of Russian and German tourist texts are described, their similarities and differences are revealed.
Key words: туристический дискурс; средства аргументации; образность; выразительность; tourist discourse; means of argumentation; figurativeness; expressiveness
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Methodological basis of the study of the linguo-cognitive specificity of the verbalization of the syntactic concept “otherness (sound manifestation) of the object ” in Russian and English
The article describes the main stages of the semantic-cognitive analysis of the language material verbalizing the syntactic concept “otherness (sound manifestation) of an object” in Russian and English. The author formulates formulate the basic postulates of the semantic-cognitive approach in the process of identifying and describing the linguo-cognitive features of the representation of the syntactic concept under study.
Key words: синтаксический концепт; инобытие объекта; семантико-когнитивный анализ; структура концепта; syntactic concept; otherness of an object; semantic-cognitive analysis; concept structure
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Pragmatic potential of using stylistic means of comparison (based on the novel “Narcissus and Chrysostom” by Hermann Hesse)
The article deals with the novel “Narcissus and Zlatoust” by Hermann Hesse, the Swiss-German writer of the XX century, a famous master of the artistic word. The author considers the pragmatic potential of the stylistic means of comparison which characterizes the author's individual picture of the world. The implementation of the pragmatic potential studied is shown on the example of the semantic spheres “Flaws”, “Church” and “Subjects”.
Key words: прагматика; сравнение; семантическая сфера; стилистический эффект; писатель; текст; функция; pragmatics; comparison; semantic sphere; stylistic effect; writer; text; function
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Lingvosemiotic research of an English-speaking electronic fiction hypertext
The article presents the first linguosemiotic analysis of a traditional English-language fiction text presented in the form of an electronic hypertext. The author claims the use of the modern electronic form of the fiction text changes the relationship between the addresser and the addressee, as well as the order of reading the fiction text and the perception of such text by the addressee.
Key words: гипертекст; художественный гипертекст; интерактивность; ссылка; лингвосемиотическое исследование; жанр; произведение; hypertext; fiction hypertext; interactivity; reference; linguosemiotic research; genre; (fiction) work
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Objectification of the mental formation "American Dream" in the best song of the year Grammy nominee songs
The article deals with the peculiarities of the objectification of the mental formation “American dream” based on the material of the songs nominated for the Best Song of the Year Grammy Award. The author shows that in the texts of the songs under study objectification manifests itself in several ways: as a hedonistic perception of life with prevalence of the material over the spiritual on the one hand and as disappointment in material values on the other. The author considers words related to the vulgar language as a manifestation of unlimited freedom of speech and expression.
Key words: ментальное образование; концепт; «американская мечта»; ценности; гедонизм; премия «Грэмми»; mental education; concept; “American dream”; values; hedonism; Grammy award
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The results of the study of the etymology of the basic concepts of armoured terminology (on the material of the English and Russian languages)
The article presents the results of the study of the etymology of the basic concepts of armored terminology (on the material of the English and Russian languages). On the basis of the etymological studies of English terminology in the field of tank engineering, the author analyses the concepts of this sphere (“caterpillar”, “tower”) describing different versions of the origin of words as components of the lexical composition of armoured terminology. The results of this work are an important part of the study of the etymology of military terms as a characteristic feature of a certain historical phenomenon.
Key words: этимология; значение слова; язык; словарь; тематика; техника; гусеница; башня; etymology; word meaning; language; dictionary; subject; technique; caterpillar; tower
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Means of reconstructing the phonological system of the Chinese language: the Chinese "yinxue" and the features of its terminological apparatus
The article describes the terminological base of historical phonetics "inyunsue" as one of the directions of Chinese traditional philology. The originality of the Chinese linguistic tradition is demonstrated through the prism of the terms used to characterize the units of the phonetic level of the language.
Key words: фонетика; термин; слог; инициаль; рифма; тон; phonetics; term; syllable; initial; rhyme; tone
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Transformation of the plot of the Fall of Man and the problem of identifying the lyrical hero Apollo Grigoriev
The article considers the origins of the plot of the Fall of Man in Russian literature. The author studies the transformation of the plot of the Fall of Man into the poetry by A. A. Grigoriev. The ideological and artistic originality of the lyrical text is revealed. The motive of the kneeling of the fallen hero in the poem by Grigoriev is related to the prose of F. M. Dostoevsky. The lyrics of Grigoriev are understood in the paradigm of Christian axiology.
Key words: чистое искусство; сюжет грехопадения; мотив коленопреклонения; элегия; психологизм; pure art; the plot of the fall; the motive of the kneeling; elegy; psychologism
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The image of the holy fool in the poetry of Oleg Chukhontsev
The article deals with various aspects of the image of a holy fool in the works of the poet Oleg Chukhontsev. The origins, artistic semantics and typology of the image are revealed.
Key words: лирика; образ; юродство; традиции; поэтика; lyrics; image; foolishness; traditions; poetics
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Genre originality of Homer centos
The article deals with genre features of the Homeric centos, the earliest version of which dates back to the 5th century. The author qualifies centos as a separate genre which includes a mixture of other genres (the genres of an epic poem, paraphrase, gospel symphony, prophecy, bucolic, and short stories). The author pints out that such a mixture of genres is characteristic of late-antique and Byzantine literature.
Key words: гомеровский центон; жанр; смешение жанров; позднеантичная литература; византийская литература; Homeric Centon; genre; mixture of genres; late antique literature; Byzantine literature
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Speech portrait of German youth in the thriller "Die quietly, my angel" by A. Goetz
The aticle is devoted to the study of the linguistic slang phenomenon which is considered to be a means of creating a speech portrait of German youth in fiction. The material of the study is the youth thriller “Die quietly, my angel” by A. Goetz. The author identifies and describes the main lexical components of a speech portrait of German youth in a thriller.
Key words: молодежный сленг; речевой портрет; заимствования; междометия; фамильярно-разговорная лексика; грубо-уничижительная лексика; youth slang; speech portrait; borrowings; interjections; familiar and colloquial vocabulary; derogatory vocabulary
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Исторические науки и археология
On the excavations and the possible localization of the Starogrigorevsky Cossack town
The article presents the items found during the excavations in the settlement (Cossack town) of Starogrigoryevsky. On the basis of the items found a collection of exhibits for the Volgograd Regional Museum of Local Lore has been created.
Key words: культурный слой; поселение; городок; полуземлянка; обряд; погребение; серебряные и медные монеты; фрагменты керамики; нательный крест; cultural layer; settlement; town; log cabin; rite; burial; silver and copper coins; fragments of ceramics; pectoral cross
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Problems of identification of the old Russian religious groups (based on the example of the Astrakhan province of the XIX century)
The article highlights the problems of identifying the old Russian religious groups, which traditionally included religious subgroups such as Khlystyivism, the Judaic, Molokanism and their numerous branches. The author indicates the absence of clear criteria for sect classification. The proposed by A. L. Lvov definition of the Judaic as a textual community is analysed. Analogies with the Khlyst sect are drawn.
Key words: сектоведение; хлыстовщина; молоканство; иудействующие; православие; миссионерство; sectology; Khlystovism; Molokanism; Judaism; Orthodoxy; missionary work
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Second World War and the position of the Russian Social-Democracy
The author considers V. I. Ulyanov-Lenin’s antipatriotic judgments alien to the Russian people, which is reflected in the notes and articles published by him in the years 1905-1918. The author compares the publications under study with the documents adopted by the Bolshevik wing of the Russian Social Democracy through the decisions of the congresses of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party and the Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik) and makes a conclusion about Lenin’s supporters’ betrayal of the national interests of Russia during World War I for the sake of coming to power in the country.
Key words: В.И. Ульянов-Ленин; социал-демократия; отечество; родина; патриотизм; война; V. I. Ulyanov-Lenin; social democracy; fatherland; homeland; patriotism; war
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The growth of wages of industrial workers of the Lower Volga region in the early years of the NEP
The article deals with the issues of motivation of industrial workers in the transition to the New Economic Policy (NEP). The points made in the article are based on factual materials of the Lower Volga region. The author traces the evolution of the wages of industrial workers from equal salaries in kind to piecework wages. It is emphasized that the government was ready to raise the wages of workers, even in a situation of economic instability.
Key words: трудовые отношения; заработная плата; рабочий; рубль; правительство; labor relations; wages; worker; ruble; government
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The dynamics of the demographic indicators of the Stalingrad region in the 1940s-1950s
The article considers the data on the main demographic indicators of the Stalingrad region in the period of its post-war reconstruction and subsequent developmen (population size, natural increase, birth rate, death rate, gender and age structure of the population). The factors that influenced the demographic processes in the study period are analyzed.
Key words: Сталинградская область; Великая Отечественная война; послевоенное восстановление; демография; численность населения; естественный прирост населения; смертность; рождаемость; Stalingrad region; World War II; post-war reconstruction; demography; population; natural population growth; mortality; fertility
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