Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№8 (131) 2018
2018 г.
Педагогические науки
System of training future teachers to the counselor’s practice
The article deals with the issues of training future teachers to work with temporary groups of children, the main aspects of the organization of counsellor’s practice, which is an integral part of the professional and pedagogical training of future teachers. It describes the stages and main components of training future teachers to work with temporary children’s groups and organization of counsellor’s practice.
Key words: готовность; подготовка будущих педагогов; педагогическая деятельность; производственная (вожатская) практика; детский временный коллектив; формы и методы воспитательной работы; студенческий отряд; readiness; training of future teachers; pedagogical activity; counsellor’s practice; children’s temporary group; forms and methods of educational work; student group
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Methodological features of the concept “information security” at different stages of teaching computer science at school
The article deals with the methodological features of the concept “information security” in the course of computer science at school: it substantiates the relevance of the study of this concept, describes the features of the target, content and procedural components of the adequate method of formation of this concept depending on the propaedeutic, basic and profile stages of teaching computer science at school.
Key words: информатика; информационная безопасность; информационные угрозы; методика обучения информатике; computer science; information security; information threats; methods of teaching computer science.
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Key methodological categories: retrospective and perspective aspects
The article deals with the status and place of foreign language teaching methods as a science. The basic methodological categories are analyzed (approach, principle of training, purpose, content of training, methods and techniques, forms of training), which are presented in retrospective and perspective aspects. It is stated that the reforms in the system of foreign language education cause new requirements to the methodological foundations of the process of teaching foreign languages and its practical implementation, and the key methodological categories need rethinking and clarification.
Key words: методика; базисные категории; языковая личность; подходы; принципы; содержание обучения; методы; приемы; ретроспективный аспект; перспективный аспект; methodology; basic categories; language personality; approaches; principles; content of training; methods; techniques; retrospective aspect; perspective aspect
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Formation of grammatical competence as a component of foreign language communicative competence of a future teacher of foreign language
The article deals with the interpretations of the concept “grammatical competence” in foreign language education, its components and contents. The procedural model describing the stages, traditional and alternative methods and means of formation of grammatical competence of students of pedagogical higher school is developed in the article. The criteria that are indicators of the formation of grammatical competence are under consideration.
Key words: грамматическая компетенция; грамматическое явление; иноязычная деятельность; коммуникативная ситуация; критерий; grammatical competence; grammatical phenomenon; foreign language activity; communicative situation; criterion
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Pedagogical conditions of development of foreign language students’ auditive competence in teaching foreign language (on the example of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia))
The article deals with the pedagogical conditions for the development of foreign language auditive competence of students in teaching a foreign language on the example of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The term “pedagogical conditions” is under consideration, the application of the individual educational trajectory, the audio-lingual and project methods in the process of learning a foreign language are described in the article.
Key words: педагогические условия; аудитивная компетенция; индивидуализация; аудиолингвальный; проектный метод; обучение; иностранный язык; pedagogical conditions; auditive competence; individualization; audio-lingual; project method; teaching; foreign language
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Modular system of education in Russian universities as a condition of academic mobility of students
The article presents the theoretical substantiation of the issue of development of academic mobility of students and its relevance fixed in national and international strategic documents. It scientifically proves the way to solve this problem by means of a modular system of education based on the professional standard of a teacher. Various types of mobility and their specific features are described. The author proposes a professionally oriented educational module for the development of ICT competence of future teachers, contributing to the development of their mobility.
Key words: академическая мобильность; профессиональный стандарт педагога; модульная система образования; ИКТ-компетенция; academic mobility; teacher’s professional standard; modular system of education; ICT competence
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Research of development of the image of an adult at primary school age
The article deals with the issue of studying the image of an adult and its development at primary school age. The theoretical approaches to the study of various aspects of the adult image development are under consideration. The article presents the experimental results regarding the image of an adult as seen by primary school children.
Key words: образ взрослого; образ родителя; взрослость; черты взрослого человека; самопознание; образ Я; image of an adult; image of a parent; adulthood; features of an adult; self-knowledge; I-image
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Pedagogic conditions of formation of values of an officer teacher in the course of higher school further training
Based on the analysis of the relevant scientific literature the article deals with the complex of pedagogic conditions of productive formation of values of innovative activity of an officer teacher in the process of higher school further training. It presents the structure and content of the complex, which integrates organizational (development of innovative professional and educational environment, use of sense didactics of training, creation of positive relationships in the military team) and personal (formation of motivational readiness for innovation, development of value of education, strengthening the subjective position) conditions.
Key words: организационные и личностные условия формирования ценностей; organizational and personal conditions of formation of values; innovative activity of an officer teacher; higher school further training; инновационная деятельность офицера-преподавателя; процесс внутривузовского повышения квалификации
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Mathematical battle as a way to improve the efficiency of teaching mathematics in higher school (by the example of probability theory teaching)
The article deals with the experience of organizing a mathematical battle as an interactive method of teaching mathematics at an economic university. When teaching mathematics to students studying economics, there are a number of problems, such as low motivation and passivity in classroom. One way to stimulate motivation and activity is to use interactive teaching methods. Among them there is a mathematical battle, which increases the efficiency of mastering theoretical knowledge and practical skills, cognitive interest in mathematics, and develops skills of teamwork.
Key words: математический бой; учебный процесс в вузе; интерактивный групповой метод; теория вероятности; мотивация; mathematical battle; educational process in higher school; interactive group method; probability theory; motivation
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Phonetic game as a kind of interactive methods of teaching Russian to foreign servicemen
Mastering Russian pronunciation is a long and difficult learning process for foreign students. At the initial stage, foreign students understand that it is impossible to quickly master Russian phonetics. Interactive methods in the methodology of teaching Russian as a foreign language intensify interpersonal communication. A kind of interactive method is a phonetic game, which is a method of purposeful interpersonal interaction of a teacher and students to create optimal conditions for mastering foreign language learning material.
Key words: иностранные военнослужащие; РКИ; вводно-фонетический курс; интерактивный метод; фонетическая игра; foreign servicemen; Russian as a foreign language; introductory phonetic course; interactive method; phonetic game
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Integration as a principle of formation of students’ metasubject skills in teaching history
The article deals with the role of the principle of integration in the process of formation of metasubject skills of students in teaching history. The types of metasubject skills and specific skills formed in historical education are analyzed. Special attention is paid to the principle of integration, to the functions and implementation of interdisciplinary connections that contribute to effective formation of meta-subject skills.
Key words: историческое образование; метапредметные умения; интеграция; межпредметные связи; тексты культуры; historical education; interdisciplinary skills; integration; interdisciplinary connections; culture texts
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Monitoring of the quality of knowledge, skills and abilities of students in a foreign language as an important aspect of the learning process at higher school
The article deals with the features of the system of monitoring the quality of students’ knowledge in a foreign language. Modern monitoring is considered as a tool for finding the degree of solving the tasks set by the teacher and includes constant collection and interpretation of information about the course of training. Aimed at the analysis of difficulties that students have, monitoring at higher school involves the development of such documents as educational programs with a schedule of testing points, evaluation criteria, fund of evaluation tools.
Key words: мониторинг качества образования; иностранный язык; фонд оценочных средств; критерии оценивания; новые технологии контроля; monitoring of the quality of education; foreign language; fund of evaluation tools; evaluation criteria; new testing technologies
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Development of entrepreneurial qualities of bachelors in “Information Systems and Technologies”
The article deals with the essential characteristics of such a concept as “entrepreneurial qualities of an engineer” in the context of modern approaches to professional training of a technical university graduate. It presents the main directions of entrepreneurial activity of a future engineer (educational, organizational, communicative, project and management) and entrepreneurial qualities corresponding to these directions.
Key words: предпринимательские качества инженера; основные направления предпринимательской деятельности будущего инженера (образовательная; организационная; коммуникативная; проектная и управленческая); entrepreneurial qualities of an engineer; the main directions of entrepreneurial activity of a future engineer (educational; organizational; communicative; project and management)
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To the issue of organization of interaction between school and university in the process of law education
The article deals with the essence of the continuity of law education in school and university, which will allow implementing the approaches to the formation of the legal culture. The structural and functional characteristics of law education and its role in the context of socialization are under consideration. The analysis of the scientific literature revealed the existing trends in teaching law in secondary school and law in vocational schools, as well as identified the main obstacles to continuing education.
Key words: правовое образование; правовая культура; преемственность в образовании; взаимодействие школы и вуза; legal education; legal culture; continuity in education; interaction between school and university
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Development of phonetic ideas of modern high school students on the threshold of university
In higher education (especially in vocational higher schools) one of the main tasks of teaching foreign languages is formation of skills necessary for effective oral communication. At the same time, the introduction of the oral part of the exam aims to ensure the consistency and continuity of the educational process, which in case of language training involves some awareness of students about the phonetic system of the language. The article deals with the degree of development of phonetic ideas on the threshold of university by analyzing the testing materials of the exam (oral part) and the results of the survey among 10-11 grade students.
Key words: обучение фонетике; практическая фонетика; формирование устнопроизносительных навыков; фонологическая компетенция; teaching phonetics; practical phonetics; development of oral pronunciation skills; phonological competence
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Филологические науки
Active processes in the vocabulary of the Russian language of the first quarter of the XXI century
The article deals with the active processes of replenishment of the lexical structure of the Russian language of the first quarter of the XXI century: emergence of hyperonyms, hyponyms, synonyms, new words in connection with new phenomena; emergence of new lexemes instead of word combinations; emergence of new lexemes as a result of their transition from their special sphere to the common one; return to the active stock of words which left it earlier; emergence of connected combinations.
Key words: cловарный состав русского языка; активные процессы; семантика; значение; неологизм; лексико-семантический вариант; vocabulary of the Russian language; active processes; semantics; meaning; neologism; lexical semantic variant
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Military oath in the Soviet army: cognitive and communicative aspect
The article deals with the military oath in the Soviet army in the cognitive and communicative aspect. It highlights the parametric signs of the military oath, which get the communicative and semantic features in accordance with the system of values that develops in a certain historical and cultural period.
Key words: военная присяга; адресат; хронотоп; виндиктивная составляющая; комиссивная составляющая; military oath; addressee; chronotope; vindictive component; comissive component
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Word as a carrier of a certain quantum of information (functional and cognitive aspect)
The article deals with the nominative language means from the point of view of the functional and cognitive approach. The main object is a word that is included in the functional and cognitive sphere, which is a fundamentally new type of vocabulary organization and which transmits various types of knowledge and relations in the process of verbal communication.
Key words: слово; номинативность; функции языка; функционально-когнитивная сфера; word; nominativity; language functions; functional and cognitive sphere
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Short question: typology
The article presents the classification of short questions (independent elliptic sentences) of the English language, selected from the texts of fiction of the Renaissance period (1480-1660). The classification is based on lexical and grammatical characteristics of the constructions. It is compared with with the classification of the attached questions, which was made earlier.
Key words: синтаксис английского языка; исторический синтаксис английского языка; присоединенный вопрос; независимое эллиптическое предложение; усеченный вопрос; диалогическое единство; syntax of the English language; historical syntax of the English language; attached question; independent elliptical sentence; short question; dialogic unity
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Sociolinguistic approach to linguistic expertise: advantages
The article deals with the potential of the sociolinguistic approach in linguistic expertise. It presents the method of identification of the communicative leadership in negotiations of a group of communicants.
Key words: социолингвистический подход; коммуникативное лидерство; коммуникативная иерархия; sociolinguistic approach; communicative leadership; communicative hierarchy
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Extent of involvement in communication
As part of the study of positive communication, involvement in communication is of particular interest, being its structural component and playing a key role in effective communication. This phenomenon is interpreted as the degree of cognitive and behavioural involvement in the communication process. The gradation of degrees of involvement in the process of interaction is under consideration in the article.
Key words: вовлеченность в коммуникацию; степени вовлеченности в коммуникацию; коммуникативная компетенция; позитивная коммуникация; межличностное общение; involvement in communication; degree of involvement in communication; communicative competence; positive communication; interpersonal communication
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Language situation in the Donbass: synchrony and diachrony
The article deals with the language situation in the territory of the Donbass over the past 120 years, taking into consideration the historical processes, the status and communicative load of the most frequently used languages: Russian and Ukrainian.
Key words: языковая ситуация; полилингвизм; билингвизм; родной язык; языковая идентификация; language situation; polylingualism; bilingualism; native language; language identification
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Discourse standardization and language variation
The article deals with the phenomena of universalization and differentiation in the modern Russian and French languages. Attention is drawn to the stylistic illegibility of modern media, which widely use reduced vocabulary. It highlights the fact of additional speech coding in connection with the active differentiation of the modern French language. It is concluded that in the Russian usus there is more genre and stylistic integration, while the French modern discourse is characterized by variability and differentiation.
Key words: вариативность; унификация; стилевая нивелировка; дискурсные тенденции; языковое поведение
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Verbal labels in election discourse: Ksenia Sobchak
The article deals with the verbal labels (lexical (idiomatic) language units performing the pejorative function) on the example of the election discourse of the candidate in presidents of the Russian Federation Ksenia Anatolevna Sobchak. The language features of election discourse are in the focus of modern linguists in terms of their impact on voters, the use of labels reflects the political position and candidates’ views on various issues.
Key words: словесные ярлыки; предвыборный дискурс; кандидат; Ксения Собчак; медийный персонаж; политика; verbal labels; election discourse; candidate; Ksenia Sobchak; media image; politics
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Considering the issue of intertextual units as a means of presentation of the regional specificity
The article deals with the intertextual units from the point of their presentation of the regional specificity. The study is based on the texts of the Astrakhan regional socio-political weekly “Fact and Compromising”. Referring to this material made it possible to come to certain conclusions with regard to some points of the regional linguistics (in particular, presentation of some specific language units as a means of representing the values and attitudes of a group of people living in the same territory).
Key words: интертекстуальные единицы; локализм; аллюзия; персонификация; перифраза; реалии; самоидентификация; топоним; intertextual units; localism; allusion; personification; periphrasis; reality; identity; toponym
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Invective zoonymic vocabulary of the Russian language
The article deals with the zoonymic vocabulary of the Russian language, which can perform the characterizing and invective functions in speech. The invective function (function of insult) is presented as a way to induce to act, because insult aims to get a reaction from the recipient and to confirm or improve the status of the one who insults. It is shown that the criterion of invectives of the zoonymic vocabulary can be the position of a zoonym as addressing.
Key words: зоонимы; характеризующая функция; инвектив; обращение; zoonyms; characterizing function; invective; addressing
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Internet meme as a modern media discourse
The article deals with the Internet meme, which is a multimodal unit of Internet communication. Internet meme is considered a modern media discourse functioning in Internet communication. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the main discursive characteristics of the Internet meme. The main discursive features of the Internet meme are emotionality, anonymity, clip art, stylistically reduced character and media character.
Key words: интернет-мем; мем; медиадискурс; интернет-коммуникация; полимодальность; Internet meme; meme; media discourse; Internet communication; polymodality
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Features of the distribution of the Paralympic vocabulary in the modern English language
The article presents the distributive analysis of the field-forming units of the Paralympic vocabulary in the modern English language: it describes their lexical and grammatical compatibility and functional features that allow to specify the information about the semantic content of each lexical unit.
Key words: единицы паралимпийской лексики; современный английский язык; дистрибуция; функция; лексическая и грамматическая сочетаемость; units of Paralympic vocabulary; modern English language; distribution; function; lexical and grammatical compatibility
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Oxford English Dictionary Online: preparation for the third edition of the dictionary on the example of Updates 2016
The article analyzes the online “Oxford English Dictionary”: the history of the largest academic dictionary of English, the principles of modern editorial work. The lexical units published on the website in 2016 in “Additions” to the dictionary (Updates) are studied. Lexemes are analyzed and classified according to such parameters as subject and regional affiliation, time of appearance, type of word formation.
Key words: лексикография; современная английская лексикография; электронные словари; Oxford English Dictionary; словообразование; словообразовательная модель; lexicography; modern English lexicography; electronic dictionaries; Oxford English Dictionary; word formation; word-formative model
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Linguocognitive analysis of the concept “work” on the material of fixed expressions in the French, Persian and Russian languages
The article deals with the concept “work” in the French, Persian and Russian languages. The author analyses and systematizes fixed expressions in the French, Persian and Russian languages that express the concept “work”. Special attention is paid to functioning of this concept in the studied linguistic cultures.
Key words: концепт; устойчивые выражения; русский; французский; персидский; concept; fixed expressions; Russian; French; Persian
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Comparative analysis of typological characteristics of the Chinese and Russian languages
The article deals with the typological characteristics of the Chinese and Russian languages from the point of the theory of isolating languages by V.M. Solntsev. It proposes the criteria for the comparative analysis of the Chinese and Russian languages. It is concluded that the differences in typological characteristics cause specific difficulties and errors in translation, which actualizes the issue of developing a didactic system of teaching Chinese-Russian translation.
Key words: классификации языков; типологические классификации языков; морфологическая классификация языков; уровни языка и их единицы; сопоставительный анализ типологических особенностей китайского и русского языков; language classifications; typological classifications of languages; morphological classification of languages; language levels and their units; comparative analysis of typological features of the Chinese and Russian languages
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Turkish-English lexicography at the turn of XX-XXI centuries
The article deals with the Tatar-English bilingual lexicography of the turn of the XX-XXI centuries. Today there are several Tatar-English dictionaries, the compilation of which is caused by the actual requirements of the expansion of the multilingual Russian-Tatar-English language environment in the Republic of Tatarstan. The general characteristic of all available dictionaries at the level of macro- and microstructure is given.
Key words: двуязычная лексикография; татарский; английский; словарь; словарная статья. макроструктура; микроструктура; bilingual lexicography; Tatar; English; dictionary; dictionary entry; macrostructure; microstructure
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Inner form of words denoting the periods of the annual cycle of the Evenks
The article deals with the issue of origins of the names of the annual cycle periods, what sensual images of objects and phenomena the Evenks tried to find out in determining the category of time. In this regard, the lexical meaning and inner form of the words denoting the periods of the annual cycle of the Evenks are under consideration in the article. It substantiates the position that the lexical meaning and the internal form of the words denoting the periods of the annual cycle of the Evenks have a set of such groups of features that form the structure of the concept of “time”.
Key words: эвенки; годовой хозяйственный цикл; лексическое значение; внутренняя форма слова; образ; представление; периодичность; the Evenks; annual economic cycle; lexical meaning; inner form of a word; image; idea; frequency
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The motif of “madness” and “death” in the works by F. Sologub and Lu Xun (“The Little Demon” and “Diary of a Madman”)
The article deals with the motif of “madness” and “death” in the works by a Russian symbolist F. Sologub and a Chinese writer Lu Xun. In such works as “The Little Demon” and “Diary of a Madman” this motif appears most clearly, especially as the main characters and the world around them, which is hostile to man. “The persecution mania”, bestial-like people, painful weight of being, madness as the death of the reasonable and the good are the main images of the local world, in which there is only one form of life-existence - “madness”, the only means, according to A. Schopenhauer, “to save lives”.
Key words: безумие; смерть; мелкий бес; дневник; сумасшедший; Передонов; Шопенгауэр; Сологуб; Лу Синь; недотыкомка; людоедство; мания преследования; герой; трагедия; страдание; спасение; враждебный; madness; death; little demon; diary; mad; Peredonov; Schopenhauer; Sologub; Lu Xun; nedotykomka; cannibalism; persecution mania; hero; tragedy; suffering; salvation; hostile
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Deformations in translation of K. Hamsun’s novel “Hunger” into Russian and English
Deformations in translation are considered as negative, distorting the original text. They can be a conscious translation decision, because for various reasons not everything is reproducible in translation and the achievement of a global goal is inevitably associated with losses. At the same time, some deformations are caused by insufficient preliminary work of a translator in clarifying the basic semantic, syntagmatic and grammatical models characteristic of the text and the language of the author.
Key words: художественный перевод; языковая избирательность; трансформации; деформации; авторская картина мира; literary translation; linguistic selectivity; transformations; deformations; author’s picture of the world
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Исторические науки и археология
Study of cooperative movement history in the context of formation of the elements of civil society in Russia in early XX century
The article presents the works of modern researchers studying the history of the pre-revolutionary cooperative movement in the context of the issues of formation of the elements of civil society in Russia in the early XX century. The author traces the continuity in the evaluation of cooperation in various historical periods, makes conclusions on the formation of the new conceptual approaches in the 1990-2000s in the analysis of the historical experience of Russian cooperation.
Key words: историография; кооперация; кооперативное движение; гражданское общество; historiography; cooperation; cooperative movement; civil society
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General police in the struggle against the revolutionary movement in the Volga region in 1905-1907
The article deals with the state of the general police in the Volga region on the eve of the first Russian revolution and the role of this structure in the system of local administration. Main attention is paid to the analysis of the struggle of police structures with the mass revolutionary uprisings in the region in 1905-1907.
Key words: общая полиция; местное управление; губернаторы; полицейская стража; революционные выступления; general police; local administration; governors; police guards; revolutionary uprisings
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Elimination of unemployment and staff training as a measure of social policy of the Soviet state in the 1920-1930s
The article deals with the most important issues of the social policy of the Soviet state in the period of the new economic policy and socialistic modernization. Based on some particular examples, it describes the measures aimed at the struggle against unemployment and the systematic development of the system of staff training for the rapidly developing industry.
Key words: новая экономическая политика; индустриализация; безработица; биржи труда; демобилизованные красноармейцы; молодежь; подготовка рабочих кадров; школы ФЗУ; квалифицированные рабочие кадры; new economic policy; industrialization; unemployment; labor exchanges; demobilized red army soldiers; youth; staff training; qualified workers
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Comparative and historical analysis of the statutes of the all-union society for the dissemination of political and scientific knowledge
The article presents the analysis of the statutes of the all-union society “Knowledge” of the Soviet period. It is concluded that the society “Knowledge” in its functioning has undergone some changes: the structure, nature, goals and objectives in different periods have their own characteristics.
Key words: Всесоюзное общество по распространению политических и научных знаний; общество «Знание»; устав; пропаганда; all-union society for the dissemination of political and scientific knowledge; society “Knowledge”; statute; propaganda
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Хроника и рецензии
Административный дискурс как тип институционального дискурса: проблемы и перспективы исследования (рецензия на монографию О.А. Евтушенко «Административный дискурс: типы, субъекты, динамика». Волгоград, «ПринТерра», 2018. 192 с.)
Key words:
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