Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№10 (123) 2017
2017 г.
Педагогические науки
Implementation of textual and organizational strategies in the process of mastering the polylogical communication by students specializing in linguistics (based on the French language)
The article deals with the issue of the exercises aimed at formation of textual and organizational strategies necessary for implementation of polylogical communication at foreign language lessons of students specializing in linguistics.
Key words: полилогическое общение; полилог; текстуально-организационные стратегии полилогического общения; комплекс упражнений; polylogical communication; polylog; textual and organizational strategies of polylogical communication; a set of exercises
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Concept of formation of empathic culture of future teachers
The article deals with the concept of formation of the empathic culture of future teachers. It provides a theoretical justification of the issue, describes the notion of the empathic culture of future teachers and its structure. The essence of the notion of the concept and the teaching concept are under consideration. The urgency of the issuereflected in the principal regulationsof the Russian higher educationis proved in the article.
Key words: эмпатия учителя; педагогическая культура; эмпатийная культура; педагогическая концепция; ядро концепции; empathy of a teacher; pedagogical culture; empathic culture; pedagogical concept; core of concept
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Increasing academic competence of students by means of educational activities
The article deals with the issue of improving the academic competence of students through their active involvement in academic and extracurricular activities.
Key words: академические свободы в образовательной среде; академическая грамотность; формирование личности в процессе обучения; academic freedom in the educational environment; academic competence; identity development in the learning process
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Organization of practical training of future teachers of technology in the context of implementation of the professional standard of a teacher
The article deals with the value, purpose, objectives, features of practical training of future teachers of technology in the context of implementation of the professional standard of a teacher. The authors analyze the current state of training of future teachers of technology in pedagogical higher educational institutions. The tasks for practice of future teachers of technology (bachelors and masters)are described in the article. The recommendations for the organization and conduct of the practical training of future teachers of technology are given.
Key words: профессиональный стандарт педагога; федеральный государственный образовательный стандарт основного общего образования; методическая подготовка; производственная практика; методика обучения технологии; professional standard of a teacher; Federal state educational standard of basic general education; methodological training; work practice; technology teaching methods
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Comparative method in teaching Spanish as a second foreign language for specific purposes at the military higher school
The article deals with the analysis of the practical experience of teaching Spanish as a second foreign language at the military polytechnic university. The paper represents the comparative analysis of the grammar, lexical and phonetic structure of English and Spanish, provides the survey results, describes the comparative method in practical classes of Spanish for specific purposes.
Key words: методология преподавания иностранного языка; компаративный метод; изучение испанского языка; испанский для специальных целей; обучение иностранным языкам в военном вузе; methodology of foreign language teaching; comparative method; learning Spanish; Spanish for specific purposes; foreign language teaching at the military higher school
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The notion of content: typology, types and technology to receive thedidactic content in the educational process
The article deals with the notion of content, its typology and types in the following categories: uniqueness of content; the form of representing the information; stylistic orientation; access form. The author suggests the technology to receive the didactic content in the educational process, which consists of three levels: fundamental, scientific and special. The prognostic potential of the results in teaching economic disciplines (management)is stated in the article.
Key words: контент; типология контента; виды контента; алгоритм; трехступенчатый алгоритм; аутентический текст; прагмалингвистический текст; content; typology of content; types of content; algorithm; three-step algorithm; authentic text; pragmalinguistic text
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Conceptual and terminological apparatus of anticorruption education: considering the issue
The article deals with the conceptual and terminological apparatus of the anticorruption education. The basic terms of anti-corruption education and training are under consideration. The authors analyzethe pedagogical content of the theory of anti-corruption education. The definition of “anticorruption education” in connection with the core categories of pedagogyis substantiated in the article.
Key words: антикоррупционное воспитание; понятийно-терминологический аппарат; антикоррупционное мировоззрение; антикоррупционное образование; anticorruption education; conceptual and terminological apparatus; anticorruption worldview; anticorruption education
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Modern approaches to organizing and conducting music lessons in the context of development of music taste of learners in early teens
The article deals with the possible solutions to the problem of development of music taste of modern school students. The author represents the fragments of music lessons that demonstrate the integration of innovative methods and techniques into the educational process in the implementation of system, activity and contextual approaches that facilitate the mobility of learners in early teens anddevelopment of their readiness to orient in variety of music.
Key words: формирование музыкального вкуса; педагог-музыкант; урок музыки; системно-деятельностный подход; обучающиеся младшего подросткового возраста; средовой подход; development of music taste; music teacher; music lesson; system and activity approach; students in their early teens; contextual approach
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Psychological education of teachers indevelopment of preschool child’s emotional attitude to a teacher
The article deals withthe work with teaching staff - psychological education. The article focuses on the goal of psychological education: knowledge about the development of the emotional attitude of a preschool child. It proves the effectiveness of psychological education in positive trends of teachers, in changing the point of view in interaction with children in favor of the democratic style of communication.
Key words: педагог; психологическое просвещение; ребенок дошкольного возраста; эмоции; эмоциональное отношение; teacher; psychological education; preschool child; emotions; emotional attitude
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Principles and methods of selection of the informational content of electronic educational resources
The article deals with one of the urgent means of learning - electronic educational resource, and its advantages in comparison with traditional teaching means. The article describes the stages of development of the electronic educational resource, as well as the primary methods and principles of selecting the content for it.The requirements that must be met by modern electronic educational resources created on the basis ofthe selected methods and principles are under consideration in the article.
Key words: информатизация образования; средства обучения; электронный образовательный ресурс; принципы отбора материалов для курса; informatization of education; teaching means; electronic educational resource; principles of selection of the materials for the course
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Филологические науки
Polycode text as the object of philological analysis
The article deals with the basic features that distinguish linear and nonlinear types of texts. It is proved that a film is a polycode text and it is possible to study it by means of philological analysis.
Key words: художественный текст; линейный текст; нелинейный текст; поликодовый текст; кинотекст; филологический анализ; художественный фильм; fiction text; linear text; nonlinear text; polycode text; film text; philological analysis; film
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Position of attribute in original and translated hagiographic texts of the XI-XIII centuries
Words order in the Church Slavonic language is one of the controversial and debatable issues of the comparative historical linguistics. The article deals with the issue of the order of the components of a substantive and attributive phrase in the hagiographic texts of the XI-XIII centuries. The author studies the semantic and grammar features of the attribute both in two-component and three-component attributive constructions.
Key words: порядок слов; субстантивно-атрибутивное словосочетание; жития; word order; substantive and attributive phrase; hagiography
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Positive strategies and tactics to take communicative initiative as the condition for optimization of family communication
The article deals with the basic strategies and tactics to take the communicative initiatives for positive communication between husband and wife. The author describes the strategies of confrontation and cooperation, as well as subtypes of these strategic dominants reflecting the protective, manipulative and informative directive nature of the communicative initiatives. The examples of explication of the communicative initiatives in the marital discourse are represented in the article.
Key words: позитивная коммуникация; коммуникативная инициатива; коммуникативные стратегии; дискурс; межгендерное общение; диалог; positive communication; communicative initiative; communicative strategies; discourse; intergender communication; dialogue
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Functioning of Arabic loanwords meaning “plant” in the Russian language
The article deals with the words of the Arabic origin. The author applies the thematic typology that allows finding out in the Russian language the Arabic loanwords meaning “plant” (thematic group “Plants and animals”, subgroup “Plants”). The lexemes ко́фе , сандáл , тарху́н, хна that are familiar to native speakers of Russian and actively function in speech are under consideration in the article.
Key words: русский язык; иноязычная лексика; заимствования; арабизмы; растения; Russian language; foreign language vocabulary; loanwords; arabisms; plants
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Verbal semantics as the means of expressing the thematic relations in Russian proverbs
The article deals with the thematic relations as temporal and causal relations. The verbal form is the basic means to express temporality both in fiction texts and in proverbs, but due to generality, timelessness and other characteristics of Russian proverbs the expression of the specific temporary sign of an abstract object can not necessarily be expressed materially. In this case temporal relations are perceived as an integral part of causal relations.
Key words: пословица; фабульные отношения; непредметные объекты; видовая семантика глаголов; временные и причинно-следственные отношения; proverb; thematic relations; abstract objects; type semantics of verbs; temporal and causal relations
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Idioms as the basis for derivatives in the modern Russian language
The article deals with the base of phraseological derivatives. Idioms can be the basis to form the derivatives. The attention is focused on the ratio of the lexical and grammatical levels of the original idioms in quantitative terms and the most frequent meanings of the original idioms.
Key words: отфразеологические дериваты; производящая база; фразеологические единицы; лексико-грамматические разряды фразеологизмов; классификация производящих фразеологизмов по значению; phraseological derivatives; producing basis; phraseological units; lexical and grammatical levels of idioms; classification of the original idioms in meaning
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Linguistic devices of creating the comic effect in Russian folk fairy tales
The article deals with the linguistic devices used to achieve the comic effect in Russian folk fairy tales, together with the research of the comic in modern linguistics and the related sciences, characteristics of fairy tale discourse. The text of a fairy tale organizes the language material of some certain content and expresses a comic attitude towards the information by various linguistic devices.
Key words: комический эффект; языковые средства; русская народная сказка; волшебная сказка; юмор в волшебной сказке; comic effect; linguistic devices; Russian folk tale; fairy tale; humor in a fairy tale
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Verbal structure of description of goods in Russian online store
The article deals with the structure of the description of goods in online stores from the point of view of the theory of speech acts. The text of the description of goods is considered to be a microact consisting of different types of speech acts. The following typical speech acts for goods description are described: representative, directive, expressive and comissive. It is concluded that the essential components of the description of goods in online store “Yulmart” are representatives and directives.
Key words: описание товара в интернет-магазине; речевой акт; макроакт; репрезентатив; директив; комиссив; экспрессив; description of goods in an online store; speech act; microact; representative; directive; comissive; expressive
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English-language business discourse as a type of discourse
The article deals with the concept of business discourse, its features and classification. English-language business discourse is described in connection with the wide use of the English language in the modern business world.
Key words: бизнес; бизнес-дискурс; бизнес-лингвистика; деловой дискурс; междисциплинарный подход; business; business discourse; business linguistics; interdisciplinary approach
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Imperative verb in the English advertising discourse: cognitive approach to research
The article deals with the cognitive features of the verbal imperative sentences in the modern English advertising discourse. The analyzed imperative constructions are regarded in accordance with the theory of prototypes, which allows selecting the internal structure of the category determined by the diversity of characteristics of the prototype. The relevance of the work is proved by the increasing interest to the advertising discourse based on the methodology of new research paradigms.
Key words: глагольные императивные предложения; рекламный дискурс; теория прототипов; verbal imperative sentences; advertising discourse; theory of prototypes
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Figurative content of the science fiction linguocultural character type “robot”
The article deals with the figurative characteristics of the character type “robot” the in American and Russian linguistic consciousness. The author identifies the direct and indirect (through cognitive metaphors) assimilation of a robot into a man in such aspects as appearance, cognitive mental processes, thinking, emotions, motor skills, activity characteristics, ability for socialization. The distinctive characteristics of robots in the American and Russian linguistic consciousness are a large number of sensors, cameras, buttons, high cost, actions on orders, specific parametric characteristics, etc.
Key words: робот; человек; типаж; образ; характеристики; уподобление; robot; human; character type; image; features; assimilation
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Pragmalinguistic characteristics of deritualization of scientific discourse (based on the IG Nobel scientific antiprize)
The article deals with the pragmalinguistic characteristics of communicative situations of awarding the Nobel prize and IG Nobel antiprize, which compose one opposition on the grounds of serious - non-serious tone. The author suggests that antiprizes belong to the modern comic culture, ritual carnivalization and deritualization of communication.
Key words: научный дискурс; ритуальный дискурс; смеховая культура; карнавализация; антипремия; деритуализация; scientific discourse; ritual discourse; comic culture; carnivalization; antiprize; deritualization
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Linguistic representation of the negative evaluation in modern English cinema discourse (based on the series “Sherlock”)
The article deals with the key ways of linguistic expression of negative evaluation in the English audiovisual discourse. The authors find out the basic verbal patterns used by the participants in stylized communication for implementation of personal axiological judgments. The evaluation potential of the most frequent negative evaluative markers in the modern English is analyzed by some particular examples.
Key words: оценочность; негативная оценка; кинодискурс; стилизованная коммуникация; лингвистические средства выражения оценки; evaluation; negative evaluation; cinema discourse; stylized communication; linguistic devices of expression of evaluation
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Question-answer unity as an element of the pragmatic structure of the situation of deception
The article deals with the question-answer unity as an element of the pragmatic structure of the situation of deception. The following issues are under consideration: the meanings of the terms “dialogue”, “question-answer unity”, the difference between them, research of various authors, as well as the theme of deception and false messages. The author’s attention is focused on the features of the implementation of deception in communication (by the examples of the dialogues from the works by French authors).
Key words: диалог; вопросно-ответное единство; диалогическое взаимодействие; прагматическая структура; ложное сообщение; dialogue; question-answer unity; dialogic interaction; pragmatic structure; false message
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Adverb as a means of expressing the adverbial modifier of time in the Russian and Persian languages
The article deals with the temporal adverbs as a way to express the adverbial modifier of time in the Russian and Persian languages. The concept of the functional semantic field of temporality and microfields of this field in the Russian and Persian languages is under consideration. The role of adverbs functioning as the adverbial modifier of time is highlighted. Functioning and expression of temporal adverbs are compared in the Russian and Persian languages. The authors summarize the practical experience of Russian and Iranian linguists aimed to find out the content of the adverbs of time.
Key words: темпоральные наречия; субстантивные наречия; функционально-семантическое поле (ФСП); обстоятельство времени; русский язык; персидский язык; temporal adverbs; substantive adverbs; functional semantic field (FSF); adverbial modifier of time; the Russian language; the Persian language
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Mongolian vocabulary on the topic “cooking recipes” in Khalkha Mongolia, Buryat and Kalmyk languages
The article deals with the methods of cooking of some dairy products (in our case the texts of recipes) that reflect the historical reality of this nation, which has a specific purpose and pragmatic aim. The terms of dairy products have developed in the Mongolian languages in the period when these ethnic groups organized dairy farms. Dairy foods in life of the Mongolians play a special role, as they start both everyday life and festive receptions.
Key words: общемонгольская лексика; кулинарные рецепты; способы приготовления; халха-монгольский язык; бурятский язык; калмыцкий язык; молочная пища; Mongolian vocabulary; cooking recipes; methods of cooking; the Khalkha Mongolian language; the Buryat language; the Kalmyk language; dairy foods
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“Individual status” of the characters of Kalmyk fairy tales
Based on the famous work by E.S. Novik “The System of characters of Russian fairy tales”, the article deals with the semantic features that determine the “individual status” of the characters of Kalmyk fairy tales from the repertoire of Sandzhi Butaev. The analysis of the semantic features indicate that a character of Kalmyk fairy tales embody those semantic features that create conflict situations and are played within an episode or the entire story.
Key words: калмыцкие волшебные сказки; персонаж; семантические признаки; индивидуальный статус; пол; возраст; индивидуальные качества; Kalmyk fairy tales; character; semantic characteristics; individual status; gender; age; individual qualities
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Establishment and development of writing in the Avar language in the context of development of writing of people of Dagestan
The article deals with the issue of establishment and development of Arabic script writing in the Avar language from the ancient times up to the 1930s. The existence of writing at the Avars and in general at the peoples of Dagestan before joining Russia was categorically denied. According to the available sources, the author proves the existence of writing among the Avars even before joining the Russian Empire.
Key words: Дагестан; аварская письменность; албанское письмо; арабская графика; «аджам»; грузинская графика; латиница; кириллица; Dagestan; Avar writing; Albanian writing; Arabic graphics; “Ajam”; Georgian graphics; Latin; Cyrillic
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“Two Secrets of Russian Poetry. Nekrasov and Tyutchev” by D.S. Merezhkovsky: genre and stylistic originality
The article deals with the genre and stylistic originality, compositional features of the work by D.S. Merezhkovsky “Two Secrets of Russian Poetry. Nekrasov and Tyutchev”. The critical prose essay is schematic and subjective in evaluations. Merezhkovsky is intertextual; using the method of opposition and the elements of the biography of poets, he claims the authorship of “the new word” about Nekrasov and Tyutchev, creates a wide literary historical and metaphysical context.
Key words: эссе; критическая проза; схематизм; субъективность оценок; стилевое своеобразие; структура и композиция; essay; critical prose; schematic; subjectivity of evaluations; stylistic originality; structure and composition
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From drama to prose (unknown pages of the biography of R.P. Kumov)
Based on the archival materials, the article deals with the unknown pages of the biography of R.P. Kumov. The author describes the role of actress V.F. Komissarzhevskaya and writer I.L. Leontyev-Shcheglov in the literary life of the Don writer and playwright. The article represents the analysis of the correspondence of R.P. Kumov and I.L. Leontyev-Shcheglov that allows reconstructing the creative history of a number of works by R.P. Kumov.
Key words: Р.П. Кумов; В.Ф. Комиссаржевская; И.Л. Леонтьев-Щеглов; творческая биография; творческая история; R.P. Kumov; V.F. Komissarzhevskaya; I.L. Leontyev-Shcheglov; creative biography; creative story
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Diversity of the Avar spiritual literature in the period of ban on religious propaganda (1917-1991)
The article deals with the variety of genres of the Avar spiritual literature in the period of the ban on religion (1917-1991), as well as its role in enhancing the moral and ethical views and raising social issues, solution of which is necessary for the development of the Avar culture.
Key words: аварская духовная литература; многообразие жанров; мавлид; марсият; турки; Avar spiritual literature; variety of genres; Mawlid; marsiat; the Turks
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Исторические науки и археология
Markers of stress of the Sarmatianin the II-IV centuries ADfrom burial ground tombs of the Lower Volga region (paleopathological aspect)
The article deals with the reasonsfor occurrence of stress markers on the skeletal remains of the population of the late Sarmatianperiod from the territory of the Lower Volga region. 166 skeletons were studied. The research resulted in finding out the markers of food and episodic stress. The fact of increased traumatism of the late Sarmatians indicates the involvement of most of the population into military formations.
Key words: Sarmatians; stress; Lower Volga region; paleopathology; injuries; сарматы; стресс; Нижнее Поволжье; палеопатология; травмы
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Participant of the Persian campaign of 1796 General F.F. Simonovich aboutTabasaran
The article deals with two works of F.F. Simonovich“Description of Southern Dagestan”and “Description of Tabasaran”, written in 1796 with the creation of the map of the southern Dagestan. The second work is devoted toTabasaran. Both works contain a number of socio-economic issues of Tabasaran in the end of XVIII century. They relate to the characteristics of the possessions of the Tabasaran - themaisuma, the qadi and rural communities united under the name Devek Elemi where the names of the lords with the centres of their possessions, the number of villages, population, and armed forces of each of them and their total number are given. Dwelling upon the Tabasarans’ work, F.F. Simonovich gives the description of the economic development of different parts of Tabasaran, focusing on the development of various branches of agriculture, which gives the total picture of the economic status of Tabasaran in general and also of its possessions and the unions of rural communities. The work by F.F. Simonovichisa very good and reliable source on the history of Tabasaran and Dagestan of the late XVIII century.
Key words: Ф.Ф. Симонович; Табасаран; майсум; кадий; Девек Елеми; земледелие; садоводство; скотоводство; виноградарство; пчеловодство; F.F. Simonovich; Tabasaran; maisuma; qadi; Devek; Elemi; agriculture; horticulture; cattle breeding; viticulture; apiculture
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To the issue of the forgotten settlements of Nogai in Chernomoriya in the late XVIII - mid. XIX centuries
Based on the scientific literature and numerous documentary material,the articledeals with the history of settlements of the Nogaiin Kuban and the Crimean Peninsula of the period under consideration.
Key words: Россия; Турция; Крым; Кубань; ногайцы; поселения; города; Russia; Turkey; the Crimea; Kuban; theNogais; towns; cities
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Educational institutions of the Kazan educational district in the First World War and the revolution of 1917
The article deals with the contradictory consequences in the position of thweeducational institutions and the public mood of the region in the period of 1914-1917 under the influence of the war and the revolution. Together with deterioration in the material, financial state and human resources, there was an increase of burden on schools, gymnasiums and universities. The need to solve new tasks contributed to fostering the democratic attitudes and the establishment of interactions with the local population.
Key words: история России; учебные заведения; народное образование; культурно-просветительская работа; благотворительность; history of Russia; educational institutions; national education; cultural and educational work; charity
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Authorities and features of urban culture development in Dagestan in the 1920s
The article deals with the complicated and ambiguous socio-cultural processes that took place in Dagestan cities in the 1920sand their place in everyday life of the citizens. The authors mark the features of the new propaganda Soviet elements in the development of the urban culture and their impact on the urban environment and everyday life of the citizens.
Key words: Дагестан; социокультурные процессы; культура; повседневность; города; Dagestan; socio-cultural processes; culture; everyday life; cities
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Health of population of the rear region during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 (based on the materials of Dagestan ASSR)
The article deals with the reasons for the deterioration of health of the population of Dagestan during the Great Patriotic War. The author researches the work of the central and local health care organizationsin prevention of various diseases and epidemics among the indigenous and the evacuated population, explains the reasons for infectious diseases in the republic. The characteristics of the condition of the material base of medicine in Dagestan cities and districts in the period under reviewis given in the article. The major threats and challenges that the staff of the epidemiological and medicalpreventive institutions of Dagestan face in the wartime are under consideration.
Key words: Великая Отечественная война; Дагестан; санитарно-эпидемиологическая обстановка; продовольственное снабжение; рост заболеваний; смертность; охрана здоровья; Great Patriotic War; Dagestan; epidemiological situation; food supply; growth of diseases; mortality; health care
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Children of Stalingrad through the prism of restoration of educational institutions and social protection of childhood in 1943-1945
The article deals with the main forms of organization of educational work in the state educational institutions of the Stalingrad region in the final stage of the Great Patriotic War. It shows the successes and achievements,as well as some challenges in the process of restoration and organization of work of schools and kindergartens in the city.
Key words: школы; детские сады; Великая Отечественная война; учебно-воспитательная работа; учебный процесс; schools; kindergartens; the Great Patriotic War; educational work; educational process
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Stalingrad-Volgograd: story of renamingthe hero-city on 10 November, 1961
The article deals with the causes, course and results of the November days of 1961, when there were mass meetings in Stalingrad dedicated to renaming the city. For the first time the previously unpublished archival sourcesare introduced, which allows describing the attitude of the citizens to renaming the city. The analysis of the events of November 1961 allows supplementing the well-established knowledge about the actual problems of history of the Soviet society: “cult of personality” of Stalin and the process of “de-Stalinization”.
Key words: Сталинград; Волгоград; «оттепель»; И.В. Сталин; КПСС; десталинизация; советское общество; советский город; Stalingrad; Volgograd; “thaw”; I.V. Stalin; the CPSU; de-Stalinization; Soviet society; Soviet city
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From the history of scientific study and organization of the Natural Park “Donskoy”
The article opens a series of studies in the history of research and creation of the natural parks in the Volgograd region. Its nature is rich and diverse;it includes unique landscapes and natural complexes typical for the South-East of the Russian plain. Here is a typical (zonal) steppe of the Volga-Don province, and the unique Volga-Akhtuba floodplain,Tsimlyansky Sands and thecretaceous sediments of the ancient seas as the majestic white mountains of the right bank of the Don, and one of the kind, the salt lake Elton.
Key words: история исследования; природный парк; Донская излучина; research history; Natural Park; the Don bend
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Flint nuclei from Matlass settlement: context, morphology, culture
The article deals with the flint nucleithat were the result of the excavations in the Matlass settlement in Central Dagestan in 2015.The nuclei are of small size and show a well-developed primary technique of splitting a stone with the purpose to obtain a microplateof the correct form and standard size. Based on the technical and morphological characteristics, they can refer to the Neolithic age.
Key words: Дагестан; Хунзахское плато; Матласское поселение; неолит; нуклеус; Dagestan; Khunzakh plateau; Matlass settlement; Neolithic; nucleus
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