Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№4 (117) 2017
2017 г.
Педагогические науки
Destined to be and outstanding reformer in education (to the 80 birthday of E.D. Dneprov)
The article deals with the work of Eduard Dmitrievich Dneprov who initiated the process of overcoming the crisis in the Russian school in the mid-1980s. The article represents the stages of the reformer’s life and shows his attitude to pedagogy and education: constructive criticism and the appeal to strengthen the standards and creativity in the pedagogical science, the search for new pedagogic thinking and the mechanisms for restructuring of secondary education, faith in teachers, etc.
Key words: Эдуард Дмитриевич Днепров; Великий Реформатор; образование; перестройка школы; Eduard Dmitrievich Dneprov; Great Reformer; education; school reformation
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Foreign language fiction cinema discourse as a means of formation of communicative competence of pedagogical university students
The article deals with teaching methods used when working with foreign language fiction films in the process of formation of communicative competence of students. The main characteristics of communicative competence are under consideration, the system of work on the film is described, the system of tasks stimulating the formation of future teacher’s communicative competence is given in the article.
Key words: иноязычный кинотекст; художественный кинодискурс; лингвокультура; коммуникативная компетенция; foreign language film text; fiction cinema discourse; linguistic culture; communicative competence
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Teaching second foreign language to students specializing in translation in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
The expansion of international relations has led to the increasing role of foreign language in professional activities of modern specialists. In the conditions of integration of Russia into the world community, the need for specialists in foreign language is increasing. The article deals with the features of teaching the second foreign language in Yakutia.
Key words: обучение второму иностранному языку; языковой вуз; региональные особенности; teaching the second foreign language; linguistic higher school; reagional features
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Sociolinguistic competence of bachelors specializing in French language: formation principles
The article deals with the sociolinguistic competence (SLC) as the key one in the structure of foreign language communicative competence. The conceptual component of the methodological concept of “sociolinguistic competence” is under consideration. The structural components of SLC, as well as learning content are described. The methodological principles of formation of SLC are outlined in the article.
Key words: социолингвистическая компетенция; структура СЛК; содержание обучения; принципы формирования; стратификационная и ситуативная вариативность; регистры общения; sociolinguistic competence; structure of SLC; learning content; formation principles; stratification and situation variance; modes of communication
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Linguistic ecology as basic program of teaching linguistic disciplines
The article deals with the basic program in linguistic ecology as the conceptual foundation for linguoecological projecting in university and school philological education. The author gives a methodological review of some key concepts, because the linguoecological approach is based on their common aspects.
Key words: лингвистическая экология; языковая среда; языковая компетенция; языковая личность; linguistic ecology; language environment; linguistic competence; language personality
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Russian figurative comparisons in linguoculturographic interpretation for foreign language recipient
The article deals with the linguistic and cultural methods of representation of figurative comparisons in fiction texts to foreign language students (based on “The Inspector” by N.V. Gogol). The linguocultural commentaries of fixed and author’s individual comparisons are suggested in the article.
Key words: русский язык как иностранный; лингвокультурография; устойчивые сравнения; индивидуально-авторские сравнения; лингвокультурологический комментарий; Russian as a foreign language; linguistic culturography; fixed comparisons; author’s individual comparisons; linguocultural commentary
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Evaluation of methodological competence of physics teachers
The article deals with the research results regarding the issues of evaluation of methodological competence of physics teachers aimed at finding out the professional difficulties of teachers in accordance with the requirements of the professional standard “Teacher”. The evaluation of formation of methodological competence is based on personal and motivational, cognitive, active and behavioral criteria. The diagnostic tools are described, the levels of development of methodological competence are characterized; they are basic, optimal and creative.
Key words: методическая компетентность; критерии; показатели; уровни оценки; учитель физики; диагностирующий инструментарий; methodological competence; criteria; signs; evaluation levels; physics teacher; diagnostic tools
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Innovation competence of a teacher: formation conditions in the process of in-school further education
The article is based on the author’s reference materials, Russian teachers and psychologists’ views, and it deals with the author’s understanding of the conditions of formation of teacher’s innovation competence within the in-school training. The set that integrates managerial, psychological and pedagogic conditions influencing the formation of the competence is found out and proved.
Key words: инновационная компетенция педагога; управленческие; психологические и педагогические условия формирования; внутришкольное повышение квалификации; innovation competence of a teacher; managerial; psychological and pedagogic conditions of formation; in-school further education
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Synectics as tool of competence-based approach
The article deals with the implementation of the competence-based approach through the method of synectics in the learning process. Besides developing the skills of making unconventional decisions in situations of uncertainty, the use of this method allows better assimilation of information, its storage in long term memory, as well as the development of associative thinking; it has been proved in experimental research.
Key words: синектика; компетентностный подход; нестандартное мышление; ассоциативное мышление; творческое развитие; synectics; competence-based approach; unconventional thinking; associative thinking; creative development
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Theoretical grounds for professionally significant qualities of future teachers
Professionally significant personal qualities are of particular importance in teacher’s work. The article deals with professionally significant qualities of future teachers on the basis of authors’ approaches to their concepts. The humanistic orientation of pedagogic activity contributes to the formation of professional qualities of a future teacher.
Key words: педагогические умения; способности; значимость профессиональных качеств педагога; педагогическая деятельность; педагогическое творчество; pedagogic skills; abilities; importance of teacher’s professional qualities; pedagogic activity; pedagogic creativity
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Approaches to educating of future mothers in Russia in the second half of XIX - early XX centuries
The article deals with the basic approaches to acquiring the value attitude to motherhood in Russia in the second half of XIX - early XX centuries. They are biological and social approaches. The priorities in family and motherhood in the conditions of the changing society are determined. The components including the value attitude to motherhood are described. The main value ideas about the preparation of a future mother in Russia are identified. The names of the researchers working on this issue are represented in the article.
Key words: биологический и социальный подходы; материнство; воспитание будущей матери; ценностное отношение; biological and social approaches; motherhood; education of a future mother; value attitude
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Guidelines of paternal education in the mirror of the pedagogical heritage of A.S. Makarenko
The article deals with the search for value and meaning and practical guidelines of fatherhood described by the author as the problematic segment of modern family education. The information about the aspects of research of fatherhood phenomenon is under consideration in the article. The monographic analysis of the pedagogical heritage of A.S. Makarenko is carried out; based on this analysis the original topology of the guidelines of paternal education is summarized.
Key words: семья; отцовство; отцовское воспитание; отцовская педагогика; ориентиры; Макаренко; family; fatherhood; paternal education; paternal pedagogy; guidelines; Makarenko
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Model of pedagogic support of emotional and expressive development of children in preschool educational organizations
The article deals with the model of pedagogic support of emotional and expressive development of preschool children, the key idea of which is to help a child in the individual emotional and expressive development. The author proves the necessity of pedagogic support of emotional and expressive development of preschool children in the aspect of implementation of the Federal state educational standard of preschool education.
Key words: эмоционально-экспрессивное развитие; педагогическая поддержка; модель; эмоциональное благополучие; emotional and expressive development; pedagogic support; model; emotional well-being
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Alternative activity method as an effective way to counteract drug addiction and other deviations of adolescents and youth
The article deals with the issue of education at the present stage of reforming of the Russian society in the context of the historical concept of humanism. Special attention is paid to the younger generation, who are influenced by the existential crisis. The main factors contributing to the addictive behavior of underage people, presented as the result of the analysis of researches of psychologists, sociologists, teachers, are outlined in the article.
Key words: наркомания; наркоситуация; наркотизация; проблема распространения наркомании; девиантное поведение; аддиктивное поведение; зависимое поведение; коррекция; предотвращение первых проб наркотиков; альтернативная деятельность; дополнительное образование; превентивная педагогическая деятельность; drug addiction; drug situation; problem of drug addiction; deviant behavior; addictive behavior; dependent behavior; correction; prevention of first use of drugs; alternative activities; additional education; preventive educational activities
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Филологические науки
Intellectual evaluation and emotions in communicative structure of statement
Functioning of the signs of the negative intellectual evaluation in the position of a parenthesis is researched on the basis of the corpus linguistics. It is stated that the intellectual evaluation is complicated by the ethical reflexes and desiderative evaluations, as well as various secondary emotions, the specific nature of which depends on the type of the communicative context.
Key words: интеллектуальная оценка; вторичная эмоция; обособленное приложение; коммуникативный контекст; intellectual evaluation; secondary emotion; parenthesis; communicative context
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Linguistically mediated reconceptualization of original message: cognitive aspects of meaning formation in poetic translation
The article deals with the phenomenon of expressive asymmetry of the original language and the language of translation in the aspect of the cognitive and discursive approach. It is proved that the translated text is a variety of the mental model of the original text objectified in a foreign language. By the example of the poems by A. Dragomoshchenko and its translation, the cases of conceptual equivalence and non-equivalence of the corresponding segments of the semantic content are under consideration.
Key words: когнитивное переводоведение; поэтический перевод; образность; конструал; лингвокреативность; cognitive translation study; poetic translation; figurativeness; construal; linguistic creativity
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Role of neomythonyms and author’s myth appellatives in creation of artistic image
The article deals with the issues of the role of neomythonyms and author’s myth appellatives in creation of the artistic image in science fiction of the XX-XXI centuries.
Key words: неомифоним; оним; апеллятив; мифоним; семантика; neomythonym; onym; appellative; mythonym; semantics
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Translation as an object of philological research
The article deals with the issues of the development of major trends in the modern domestic and foreign translation studies in the field of literary translation, which are the basis for the original author’s methodology of the comparative analysis of the original and the translated texts based on the thematic stratification of the text.
Key words: художественный перевод; филологический перевод; синтетический метод; тематическое расслоение текста; literary translation; philological translation; synthetic method; thematic stratification of the text
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Cognitive and pragmatic functions of phraseological units in the poem by Sergei Yesenin “Anna Snegina”
The article deals with the cognitive and pragmatic aspect of the use of phrasemes in the poem by S. Yesenin “Anna Snegina”. Objectifying the range of information not only of the rational but also of the emotional character, phraseological units are involved in creating the cohesion of the image of a character, verbalize a fragment of the conceptual sphere of the narrator and other characters, and thus the conceptual sphere of the author of the poem.
Key words: фразеологическая единица; когнитивная фразеология; язык С.А. Есенина; когнитивно-прагматическая функция; phraseological unit; cognitive phraseology; language of S.A. Yesenin; cognitive and pragmatic function
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Stylistic differentiation of modern occasional vocabulary of the Russian language: vulgarisms, slang, jargon words
The article deals with the modern occasionalisms which are the result of the conceptual integration. It is appropriate to differentiate vulgarisms, slang and jargon words, as well as linguocynisms in the occasional vocabulary of the modern Russian language. The stylistic differentiation of the modern occasional vocabulary helps to fill communication lacunas, reflects the linguistic and creative human activity and the tendency to linguistic economy.
Key words: стилистическая дифференциация лексики; концептуальная интеграция; окказионализм; окказиональный вульгаризм / сленгизм / жаргонизм; лингвоцинизм; stylistic differentiation of vocabulary; conceptual integration; occasionalism; an occasional vulgarism / slang word / jargon word; linguocynism
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Classification and stating the boundaries of phraseology (based on the German language)
The article deals with some key issues of phraseology, concerning the classification of phraseological units and stating the boundaries of the phraseological fund. The author considers the classification of H. Burger to be the most comprehensive and adequate to the modern state of the German language phraseology. The examined cases indicate the need to study the nominations that were considered to be marginal in practice of teaching foreign language and culture.
Key words: фразеология; классификация фразеологизмов; лексикография; лингводидактика; phraseology; classification of phraseological units; lexicography; linguodidactics
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Substantial characteristic of expressive devices of modal meaning of possibility / impossibility in the modern English language (based on analytical articles)
The article aims to identify the lexical and grammatical devices of expressing modality of possibility and impossibility in English newspapers. The subjective and evaluative factors in the fragments under consideration are proved to form the ideological system of views and values in reader’s mind. The linguistic devices with the seme of possibility / impossibility represented by modal verbs increase the effect. Based on the linguistic analysis, the modality of possibility / impossibility in newspaper articles has pragmatic meaning.
Key words: категория модальности; языковые средства выражения оценки; прагматический потенциал текста газетного сообщения; модальное значение возможности и невозможности; category of modality; linguistic devices of evaluation; pragmatic potential of a newspaper message; modal meaning of possibility / impossibility
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Features of Afro-American world views (based on novel by A. Randall “The Wind Done Gone”)
The article deals with the approaches to definitions and classifications of world views. The notions of the African world view developed by L.J. Meyers are summarized. There is a link between the African and Afro-American world views based on the works by an Afro-American writer A. Randall “The Wind Done Gone”.
Key words: картина мира; типологии картин мира; африканская картина мира; «Ветер унес» Э. Рэндалл; афроамериканская картина мира; world view; typology of world views; African world view; “The Wind Done Gone” by A. Randall; Afro-American world view
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Verbalization of stereotypes of rain in Russian and Chinese languages (based on fixed expressions)
The article deals with the stereotypes of rain in the Russian and Chinese languages. The associative vectors are identified in the complex analysis of fixed expressions with the component of rain and - in Chinese - the character 雨 and the materials of the National corpus of the two languages that allows installing the common and the different in understanding of this natural phenomenon in the Chinese and Russian cultures.
Key words: сопоставительная лингвокультурология; стереотипное представление; вербализация; устойчивые выражения; дождь; comparative linguistic culturology; stereotype; verbalization; fixed expressions; rain
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Basic verbal characteristics of Chinese and Russian medical and cosmetic media advertisement: linguistic and cultural features
The article deals with the basic verbal characteristics of the Chinese and Russian medical and cosmetic media advertisement based on the video and printed media texts. It is proved that in the Chinese and Russian linguistic cultures the grammatical and lexico-stylistic devices contribute to creating a vivid, accurate, convincing medical and cosmetic media advertisement, the purpose of which is to motivate the recipient to buy the advertised product or service.
Key words: медицинская и косметическая медиареклама; вербальные характеристики; грамматические и лексико-стилистические средства; лингвокультурная специфика; Россия; Китай; medical and cosmetic media advertisement; verbal characteristics; grammatical and lexico-stylistic devices; linguocultural features; Russia; China
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Eschatological sense of “Dead Souls” by N.V. Gogol
The article deals with the eschatological sense of the first volume of “Dead Souls”. It is shown that the universal spiritual mortification, which turns the characters into soulless flesh, is the necessary boundary of spiritual resurrection not only of the characters of the poem, but of the entire Russian world. It is based on the transformation of the separated from each other and therefore motionless figures in the universal and eternal vortex movement of Russia - “non-overtaken troika”.
Key words: эсхатология; омертвение души; ветхая оболочка; духовное воскрешение; богатырство; eschatology; soul mortification; old shell; spiritual resurrection; heroism
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Cycle by A. Blok “The Spell by Fire and Darkness” in the context of art of V. Shalamov: the Parallels and counter-parallel
The article deals with the functioning of poetic images of A. Blok in the fiction world by V. Shalamov. The comparative aspect is implemented in the process of including the series “The Spell by Fire and Darkness” in the context of the novel “Unconverted”. It is attempted to expand the modern tropology by means of the concept of evocativeness that allows us to characterize the aesthetic and axiological guidelines of the authors in their uniqueness.
Key words: виртуальность; метафора; образ; тропология; христианский канон; эквивокация; virtual nature; metaphor; image; tropology; Christian canon; equivocation
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The comic in “free fantasy” of F.N. Gorenstein
The article rebuts the view that the works by F.N. Gorenstein are characterized by pessimistic attitude. The late novel “The Flying Airplane” (1994) is under consideration. It is concluded that F.N. Gorenstein often refers to the techniques and forms characteristic of the Jewish humor tradition, among which there is irony, self-criticism, the tendency to paradoxical judgments, “religious” and black humor.
Key words: Ф.Н. Горенштейн; комическое; еврейский юмор; ирония; сарказм; языковая игра; алогизм; F.N. Gorenstein; the comic; Jewish humor; irony; sarcasm; language pun; alogism
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Исторические науки и археология
Theoretical and methodological issues of religious landscape study
The article deals with the notion “religious landscape” in the domestic science. The authors suggest new theoretical and methodological approaches to research based on the wave theory of substance structure and the institutional approach. It is stated that this complex geo-cultural and historical phenomenon is only beginning to be researched.
Key words: иеротопия; религиозный ландшафт; культурный ландшафт; классификация религиозного ландшафта; структура религиозного ландшафта; hierotopy; religious landscape; cultural landscape; classification of religious landscape; structure of religious landscape
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Formation of pension system in Dagestan in 1920s
Based on the new archival sources, the article deals with the establishment of the pension system, which is an important component of the social policy in the Republic in the first decade of the Soviet power. Various forms of social support are characterized in this aspect: pensions, allowances, rations to families of the red army soldiers, etc. Both success and difficulties are under consideration.
Key words: пенсионная система; Дагестан; народный комиссариат социального обеспечения; пенсионеры; пенсии; пособия; паек; социальная помощь; кресткомы; общественные работы; pension system; the Dagestan Republic; People’s Commissariat of Social Security; pensioners; pensions; allowances; rations; social support; committees; community work
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Struggle of People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs - People’s Commissariat for State Security of USSR against desertion and banditry in the Stalingrad region during the Great Patriotic War
The article deals with banditry and desertion, their increased public danger in the wartime conditions, the analysis of criminal legislation and normative basis that regulates the activity of the organs of the People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs - People’s Commissariat for State Security of the USSR in struggle against these crimes. The author studies the factors that contributed to the commission of these crimes, examines the basic measures to eliminate these violations.
Key words: Великая Отечественная война; бандитизм; дезертирство; НКВД; НКГБ; оперативные мероприятия; репрессии; депортации; the Great Patriotic War; banditry; desertion; People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs; People’s Commissariat for State Security; quick measures; repressions; deportations
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Reformation of spiritual education system in the modern history of the Russian Orthodox Church: comparative analysis of educational standards for clergy training of 2007 and 2011
The article deals with the reasons for further reformation of the system of spiritual education in the Russian Orthodox Church, the features of the transformation of clergy training in the development of a common curriculum. The author gives the assessment of the content of the theological and classical components of training of bachelor able to withstand the challenges of time.
Key words: Болонское соглашение; духовная семинария; стандарт; трансформация; единый учебный план; богословские и гуманитарные дисциплины; вызовы времени; the Bologna Declaration; theological seminary; standard; transformation; unified curriculum; theological and classical disciplines; challenges of time
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Cooperation of Russia and the CIS countries in the sphere of cultural and educational policy in 1991-2015
The article deals with the results of historiographic analysis of cooperation between Russia and the CIS countries in the cultural and educational sphere in 1990-2000s. The basic directions and results of historical research of the issue are under consideration.
Key words: культура; образование; СНГ; социально-образовательная сфера; культурно- образовательная политика; culture; education; CIS; socio-educational sphere; cultural and educational policy
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Рецензия на монографию «Экономическая история Германии: от эпохи камерализма до наших дней» (в 3 т. Т. 1: Экономическая история Германии в Новое время: от аграрного общества к мировой промышленной державе / сост., пер. с нем., науч. ред. С.И. Невского. М.: ИНФРА-М, 2017. 261 с.)
Key words:
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