Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№9 (84) 2013
2013 г.
The modern theory of language
Speech act “oath”: origins and primal forms of presentation
There are described the psycho-social origins and primary forms of presentation of the speech act “oath”. There is covered its interrelation with the vindictive discourse and the first human rituals.
Key words: речевой акт «клятва»; виндиктивный дискурс; стратегия проклятия; первичные формы объективации; эксплицитный перформативный глагол; speech act “oath”; vindictive discourse; strategy of curse; primary forms of presentation; explicit performative verb
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Negative semantics: complex impact on mass recipients
Based on the TV production there is considered the creolized text as the source of negative information with hidden aggressiveness. There is carried out the analysis of linguosemiotic organization of an illustrated magazine for children from the point of influence on children’s minds. There are revealed the ways that favour the negative semantics in particular genres of the mass entertaining discourse targeted both at adults and at children
Key words: негативная семантика; вербальные средства; невербальные средства; детские журналы; лексикон; креолизованный текст; лингвосемиотический анализ; egative semantics; verbal means; non-verbal means; children’s magazines; lexicon; creolized text; linguosemiotic analysis
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Representation peculiarities of sensory modalities in the language of advertisement
There are considered the sensory modalities, revealed the specific character of their representation in the language consciousness. There are analyzed the feeling peculiarities and their use in the advertising discourse with the aim of manipulation.
Key words: ощущения; модальности; синестезия; репрезентативная система; рекламный дискурс; feelings; modalities; synesthesia; repre-sentative system; advertising discourse
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From communicative competences to translator’s communicative personality
Based on the author’s theory of harmonization of translator’s space there is considered the issue of formation of translator’s communicative personality. There are described the communicative competences that influence the quality of translation.
Key words: языковая компетенция; речевая компетенция; перевод; личность переводчика; переводческое пространство; теория гармонизации; language competence; speech competence; translation; translator’s personality; translator’s space; theory of harmonization
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Reference attributes of adapted texts
There are regarded the reference attributes of adapted texts in simplification of expressing and contents. Depending on the model of adaptation, adapted texts may possess narrow or wide reference.
Key words: адаптированный текст; адаптация; референция текста; пропозиция; эмотивность текста; компрессия текста; детализация текста; adapted text; adaptation; text reference; proposition; text emotions; text compression; text details
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About the mechanisms of formation of the lexical meaning in the light of the biosemiotic approach
In the course of the biosemiotic approach that considers the language as a phenomenon of people’s united activity and helps the organism to adapt to the reality, there are determined some mechanism of formation of the lexical meaning.
Key words: биосемиотический подход; распределенное познание; механизм социальных связей; аутопоэз; жизнь в языке; ориентация на вывод значения; догадка; biosemiotic approach; distributed cog-nition; mechanism of social relations; autopoiesis; life in language; orientation at the meaning; guess
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Issues of research of phraseology and paremies in the modern linguistics
There are considered the issues, methodology and main directions of research of phraseology and paremiology in the modern linguistics. In the focus there is the methodology of complex analysis of such specific language phenomena as a phraseological unit and a riddle. There are characterized the culturological, linguopragmatic and structural approaches to research of precedent phenomena and texts of culture.
Key words: фразеология; паремия; лексико-семантическое значение; структурно-семанти-ческий анализ; контент-анализ; дискурс-анализ; концептуальный подход; phraseology; paremy; lexical and semantic meaning; structural and semantic analysis; content analysis; discourse analysis; conceptual approach
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Ways of positioning of the Internet personality in a social network
There is covered the issue of personal positioning within the communicative genres of the personal Internet discourse. Based on the example of the genre “social network” there is shown the way of formation of the Internet personality image, the goals of which are self-expression and self-presentation.
Key words: интернет-дискурс; коммуникативный жанр; интернет-личность; социальная сеть; аккаунт; персональная интернет-страница; интернет-статус; Internet discourse; communicative genre; Internet personality; social network; account; personal Internet page; Internet status
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Cognitive linguistics and discourse
Linguocultural type “English dandy”: lexico-semantic aspect
There is defined the dandyism in the English culture, analyzed the conceptual and image and perceptive components of the linguocultural type “English dandy”. There is made the supposition concerning the reason for narrowing of the use sphere of the word dandy in the meaning “fashionmonger, fop” in the modern English language
Key words: лингвокультурный типаж; дендизм; этимологический анализ; семантическая деривация; linguocultural type; dandyism; etiological analysis; semantic derivation
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Figurative and value characteristics of the linguocultural type “buffon” in the British linguistic culture
There are considered the perceptive and figurative signs of the linguocultural type “buffon” in the British linguistic cultural environment. There are analyzed the texts created by it in the British fiction and mass media.
Key words: языковая личность; лингвокультура; лингвокультурный типаж; балагур; ироническая модальность; языковая креативность; language personality; linguistic culture; linguocultural type; joker; ironic modality; language creativity
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Argumentation and strategies of persuasion in the speech genre “Discussion”
Based on the analytical genre “discussion” of the German language publishing house “Der Tagesspiegel” there is made the attempt to consider the main persuasive strategies of the genre in accordance with its argumentation system.
Key words: дискуссия; печатные медиа; персуазивные стратегии; аргументирование; аргументационная структура; discussion; printed media; persuasive strategies; argumentation; argumentation structure
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Linguo-cultural script “in the shop” in the English communicative behavior
There is considered the linguo-cultural script understood as an evaluative structured behavioral model as applied to the communicative event “in the shop” in modern England. The model includes the logical scheme, the description of the event, its intentional consequence, the commentary of its participants’ behavioral norms.
Key words: коммуникативное событие; скрипт; концепт; речевой акт; коммуникативное поведение; communicative event; script; concept; speech act; communicative behavior
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Comparative-historical, typological and comparative linguistics
Biomorphic metaphor as the way of explication of emotions in the German and Russian fiction
Based on the German and Russian fiction there is given the linguocultural characterization of the concepts of emotions expressed by such types of biomorphic metaphor as anthropomorphic, zoomorphic and floristic ones. There is stated that the anthropomorphic metaphor is the most productive. A high frequency usage index of the verb-like anthropomorphic and zoomorphic metaphors has been revealed.
Key words: метафора; персонификация; эмоция; концепт; структура; образ; экспликация; лингвокультура; metaphor; personification; emotion; con-cept; structure; image; explication; linguistic culture
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Metaphor of professional work in the Russian and English languages (based on the examples of nominations of creative professions)
There is considered the metaphor nominations of creative professions in the Russian language and the British English in the aspect of peculiarities of its functioning and regularity of its use.
Key words: социальная метафора; социаль-ная оценка; прагматический компонент значения; social metaphor; social assessment; pragmatic component of meaning
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Peculiarities of prefixing and the role of prefixes re-/реin the modern English and Russian languages
There are considered the peculiarities of prefixing on the basis of the material of the prefixes re-/ре- in the modern English and Russian languages. There are determined the characteristic features of prefixes and their role in vocabulary enrichment of the languages, revealed the spheres where prefixes actively take part in formation of the new words.
Key words: префикс; префиксация; заимствованные слова; мотивирующая основа; производное слово; словообразование; маркетинг; prefix; prefixing; loanwords; motivating ground; derivative; word-formation; marketing
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Adopted elements in pronominal vocabulary of the Yukagir language
There are considered the Russian and the Yakut loanwords that are found in the group of pronouns of the secondary category in the language of the forest Yukagirs.
Key words: юкагирский язык; лесной диалект; тундровый диалект; русский язык; якутский язык; местоимение; заимствование; частица; the Yukagir language; forest dialect; tundra dialect; the Russian language; the Yakut language; pronoun; loanword; particle
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About the referential peculiarities of indefinite pronouns in the Ingush language
There are described the functions of the Ingush indefinite pronouns in the discourse and communicative and pragmatic situations. The semantics of indefinite pronouns in the Ingush language may vary under the influence of the referential and pragmatic functions.
Key words: неопределенные местоимения; референция; референтное употребление; категория неопределенности; дискурс; pronouns; reference; referent use; category of indefiniteness; discourse
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Problems of Russian Studies
Issues of representation of verbal word formation in the textbooks of the Russian language for Estonian schools
There are analyzed the ways of representation of verbal word formation in the textbooks of the Russian language for Estonian schools. There is shown the potential of the use of the results of interlingual comparison for prediction and prevention of interference mistakes in the sphere of word formation. There are given the recommendations for the choice of material with consideration of students’ native language.
Key words: методика обучения русскому языку как иностранному; словообразовательная модель; сопоставительный анализ; учебная репрезентация; межъязыковая интерференция; methodology of teaching Russian as a foreign language; word formative model; com-parative analysis; learning representation; inter-lingual interference
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To the issue of lexico-semantic groups of the military vocabulary
Based on the military vocabulary there are considered various principles of combining words into lexico-semantic groups, as well as the ability of lexical units to correspond to a particular category of subjects and with particular notions.
Key words: лексико-семантическая система; лексико-семантическое поле; лексико-семантическая группа; лексико-семантический вариант; военная лексика; lexico-semantic system; lexico-semantic field; lexico-semantic group; lexico-semantic variant; military vocabulary
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Comparison results of the complex syntactic whole and comparative and quantitative relations
There are considered the comparative and quantitative CSWs with the comparative relation, their structural peculiarities, system of comparison expressing forms. There are analyzed the systems with the relations in the aspect of semantics, syntax, pragmatics.
Key words: сравнение; сопоставление; противопоставление; позитив; компаратив; актуальное различное; актуальные распространители; comparison; opposition; positive; com-parative; actual different; actual distributors
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Вопросы германистики
Performative characteristics of lawyer’s speech (based on the English language speech)
There are considered the performative characteristics of lawyer’s speech represented in the tactics of acquittal of a client, which presupposes the appeal both to particular values and to antivalues.
Key words: адвокатская речь; перформативное действие; перформативный дискурс; тактика оправдания; апелляция к ценностям / антиценностям; lawyer’s speech; performative act; performative discourse; tactics of acquittal; appeal to values / antivalues
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Communicative strategies and tactics of the written business discourse in the conditions of deconventionalization of the English language business communication: functional and synergetic aspect
There are represented the functional and synergetic analysis of the tactical chaotization of the English business discourse as the tendency in the development of the modern deconventional business communication.
Key words: коммуникативные стратегии; коммуникативная тактика; лингвосинергетика; деловой дискурс; прагматика; функциональная лингвистика; communicative strategies; communicative tactics; linguosynergetic; business discourse; pragma-tics; functional linguistics
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About functioning of language pun in the German language advertising communication
There is made the attempt to determine the role of linguistic devices and the means of language pun in the German language printed advertising communication. Based on the conceptions of the leading Russian and German specialists in the sphere of advertising communication there are analyzed the variants of different communicative strategies and tactics in the German magazine advertisement, taking into consideration the differences in advertising functioning conditions in Russian and in Germany. On the basis of German advertising texts there are revealed the main functional peculiarities of language pun from the positions of communicative linguistics
Key words: коммерческая рекламная коммуникация; коммуникативные стратегии; языковая игра; commercial advertising communication; communicative strategies; language pun
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Изучение языка художественных текстов
Frame organization of a fiction text (based on the Russian classical and modern literature)
Frame description of the plots of works of fiction is used for description of the conceptual syntagmatics of a fiction text, as it is the objective ground for comparison of both classical and modern texts.
Key words: когнитивная лингвистика; фрейм; фреймовый анализ; фреймовая организация; слот; cognitive linguistics; frame; frame analysis; frame organization; slot
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Use of lexical transformations as the means of achievement of adequacy of a fiction text
There is covered one of the scantily investigated issues of theory and experience of a fiction translation – achievement of its adequacy by the way of use of lexical transformations. On the basis of comparative analysis of two-language texts (Ossetian → Russian) there is considered the potential of transfer of meaning and images from the original language to the translating one.
Key words: адекватность; исходный язык; исходный текст; переводящий язык; переводимый текст; переводной текст; трансформация; adequacy; original language; original text; translating language; translated text; text under translation; transformation
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Contextual conditionality of attention redistribution in the poetry and semantics of the poetic word
There is characterized the potential of the use of “attentional semantics” theses by L. Talmy as applied to poetry. Based on the texts by American “language poets” Ch. Bernstein and L. Hejinian there is considered the factor of contextual influence on attention shift in the process of language organization of a statement, described the strategies of language realization of contextually conditioned attention effects.
Key words: фокус внимания; выдвижение; семантические модификации; «языковая поэзия»; focus of attention; bringing up; semantic modifications; “language poetry”
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Graphics as one of stylistic devices (based on the fiction prose by R.N. Mitra)
There is analyzed the use of graphics as one of the devices of artistic expressiveness used in the English language novels by R.N. Mitra. The author frequently uses italics or italic insertions, emphatic italics, upper-case letters in headings, punctuation, graphic markers of transition from one period of time to another. Graphic devices of expressiveness are used for introducing the additional meaning.
Key words: стилистические ресурсы графики; курсив; пунктуация; шрифтовое выделение; романы Р.Н. Митры; stylistic resources of graphics; italics; punctuation; marking-out
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Compound occasional substantives in the publicistic works by A.I. Solzhenitsyn
There are sorted out and described the regularities of word formation of compound occasional substantives selected from the publicistic heritage by A.I. Solzhenitsyn. The characteristics of typical features of derivation are concluded by the specificity of functioning of occasionalisms in the group in the publicistic context.
Key words: окказиональные субстантивы; пуб-лицистика; А.И. Солженицын; особенности деривации; функции; occasional substantives; publicistic works; A.I. Solzhenitsyn; peculiarities of derivation; functions
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Figures of intertext in the novel by Uwe Timm “Hot Summer”
Based on the novel “Hot Summer” by a modern German writer Uwe Timm there are considered the functioning peculiarities of figures of intertext as the author’s favorite stylistic device, used by him for revealing the key themes of the work “protest” and “study”.
Key words: фигуры интертекста; интертекстуальность; текст; текстовая аппликация; цитирование; парафраз; текстовая аллюзия; figures of intertext; intertextuality; text; text application; quotation; paraphrase; text allusion
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Classification of functions of repeated nomination in the fiction texts by Tatiana Tolstaya
There are revealed the functions of repeated nomination, its role in a fiction text. There are opposed the notions “emotionality” and “expressiveness” as the phenomena that have different functions.
Key words: повторная номинация; цепочки повторных номинаций; эмоциональность; экспрессивность; функциональная направленность; repeated nomination; chains of repeated nominations; emotionality; expressiveness; functions
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Text application as the figure of intertext (based on the poetic works by I. Irtenyev)
Based on the works by I. Irtenyev there is characterized one of the figures of intertext – text application. There are considered the peculiarities of its semantics and functioning in a poetic text.
Key words: интертекст; претекст; фигуры интертекста; текстовая аппликация; intertext; pre-text; figures of intertext; text application
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Actual problems of literary criticism
Objectification of emotion of fear in the works by A.P. Gaidar for children
There are analyzed the stories and short novels by Gaidar for children. There are shown the peculiarities of objectification of emotion of fear depending on the issues, the plot and the psychological status of the characters (age, gender, situation, temper). Special attention is paid to the stories “School” and “Timur and His Team”.
Key words: детская литература; детское чтение; Гайдар; художественный психологизм; образы детей; объективация эмоций; children’s literature; children’s reading; Gaidar; fiction psychology; images of children; objectification of emotions
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Oddities and madmen as the element of poetics of a picaresque novel in the lyrics by V.S. Vysotsky
There is considered V.S. Vysotsky’s perception and creative treatment of the genre traditions of a Spanish picaresque novel on the basis of the example of “role” songs about oddities and madmen. There are revealed three types of such characters: adopted from classical picaresque oddity scientist and talentless literary man, as well as the new type – “victim of television”, appropriate for the poet’s time realities.
Key words: Высоцкий; интертекст; пикареска; плутовской роман; песни-пикарески у Высоцкого; Vysotsky; intertext; picaresque; picaresque novel; picaresque songs by Vysotsky
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Space of a river in fantasy works
There are considered the artistic functions of the space of a river in the literary genre of fantasy. There are analyzed the images of classical novels by J.R.R. Tolkien, M. Semenova and N. Perumov.
Key words: топос; образ реки; Толкиен; Перумов; Семенова; фэнтези; пространство; topos; image of a river; Tolkien; Perumov; Semenova; fantasy; space
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Научная жизнь. Хроника
Воскрешение писательского имени (Рецензия на книгу: Сазанов И.Д. Избранное / общ. ред., сост., вступ. ст. А.Х. Гольденберга, подгот. текстов, коммент. Е.С. Бирю-чевой. Волгоград: Изд-во ВГСПУ «Перемена», 2013. 196 с.)
Key words:
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Украинская штудия по проблемам теории ономастики (Рецензия на книгу: Скляренко Олексiй, Скляренко Ольга. Типологiчна ономастика : моногр.: у 5 кн. Кн. 1: Лексико-семантичнiособливостi онiмного простору. Одеса : Астропринт, 2012. 416 с.)
Key words:
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