Архив журнала


Founder:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)

Publisher:
«Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University»
(400066,
Lenina Ave., 27,
Volgograd, Russia)
e-mail:izvestia_vspu@mail.ru, izvestia@vspu.ru ),
phone (8442) 60-28-86

№10 (64) 2011
2011 г.
СОВРЕМЕННАЯ ТЕОРИЯ ЯЗЫКА
Communicative aspect of language and law cooperation
There is regarded the communicative aspect of language and law cooperation; suggested the analysis of the most typical speech mistakes in juridical texts, which complicate the understanding of official documents and prevent from the solution of legal tasks.
Key words: language; law; speech; communicative aspect
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Peculiarities of Arabic graphic word as a speech sign
The author considers the conception of linguistic sign by Z.M.Shalyapina as the basis for approach to graphic word in the Arabic literature language. It supposes the analysis of speech units from the side of expression, content and their sign structure.
Key words: minimal language sign; minimal nominative language sign; linguistic sign; trichotomy of graphic word structure as a speech sign
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Dynamics of play/game features in advertising discourse
There are considered the play/game features in advertising parodies as part of advertising discourse dynamics. The constitutive features of the 'game/play' concept are described and strategies employed in advertising parodies are revealed.
Key words: advertising discourse; parody; game/play; strategy
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Political signs in the English language antiutopias
There are considered the peculiarities of the use of political communication signs in the most famous English language antiutopias of the XX century. There is suggested the classification of political signs in antiutopias, including the signs of political aphorisms, non-verbal symbols, mythologems, euphemisms and dysphemisms.
Key words: antiutopia; political signs; political aphorisms; non-verbal symbols; mythologems; euphemisms; dysphemisms
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ПРОБЛЕМЫ КОГНИТИВНОЙ ЛИНГВИСТИКИ
Substantivisation of adjectives: cognitive aspect
On the basis of comparison with prototypical parts of speech - adjectives and nouns - there are analyzed the cognitive processes responsible for substantivisation of adjectives. There is given the classification of substantivized adjectives in the modern Russian language considering their role in subject concepts semantics.
Key words: parts of speech as cognitive and discursive units; substantivization; substantivized adjectives; associative words; subject words; prototype of a part of speech
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Basic components of emotional concepts insidiousness and guile
Emotional concepts insidiousness and guile are described in the diachronic aspect, which supposes the etymological analysis, and in synchronistic aspect understood as representation in the modern world picture, which is found out through investigation of the basic components of the concepts.
Key words: concepts; concept sphere; language; culture; linguistic culturology
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Концептуальный анализ в функционально-когнитивной этнонимике
There is substantiated the necessity of development of such a direction of ethnonymic research as functional and cognitive ethnonymics, regarding the nations considered through the prism of world picture, in particular, ethnic issues category, which is an inalienable component of the world picture of any nation
Key words: ethnonymics; concept sphere; world picture; ethnic issues; concept
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Structure of the semantic frame School
On the basis of the German language in the cognitive aspect thee is characterized the frame School, revealed and described its cognitive formations - subframes, slots and terminals.
Key words: frame; model; scheme; modelling; linguistic culture; cognitive structure; connotation; semantics; paradigmatic relations
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СРАВНИТЕЛЬНО-ИСТОРИЧЕСКОЕ, ТИПОЛОГИЧЕСКОЕ И СОПОСТАВИТЕЛЬНОЕ ЯЗЫКОЗНАНИЕ
Структурно-семантические особенности антонимо- синонимических бл оков в русском и испанском языках
There is considered the notion of the antonymic and synonymic block and its structure, as well as compared the construction and semantics of antonymic and synonymic blocks in the Russian and Spanish languages on the basis of associative words.
Key words: antonymic paradigm; synonymic paradigm; antonymic pair; synonymic row; gradualism; antonymic and synonymic block
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Эвфемизмы сексуальных отношений в русском и китайском языках
There are described the Russian and Chinese units regarding the category of sexual relations, and the euphemisms used for it. There are enumerated some reasons for euphemisms use in sexual relations, analyzed the inner mechanism of a euphemism in this area, shown the moral motives of its use.
Key words: euphemisms; sexual relation; the Chinese language; value and normative purposes
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Considering the issue of social and political vocabulary defining in the Kabardian and Circassian language
There is considered rather an insufficiently explored language stratum - social and political vocabulary; analyzed its structure, peculiarities and classification. There are sorted out 10 lexical and thematic groups, and described the semantic changes within the considered group of words.
Key words: social and political vocabulary; lexical and thematic group; politics; power; society; state
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Interrelations of units of lexical and semantic group Псэущхьэхэр - Breathers in the Kabardian and Circassian language
There are described the interrelations of the units of lexical and semantic group Псэущхьэхэр - Breathers in the Kabardian and Circassian language: binary opposition (equipollent, privative) of nominations, hierarchical organization of the group, as well as the ways of nomination formation for gender differentiation in the given group of words.
Key words: lexical and semantic group; nomination; breathers; animals; hyponyms; gender; sex
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ПРОБЛЕМЫ РУСИСТИКИ
Syntagmatic aspect of a fiction text (on the basis of the classical and the modern Russian fiction)
Studying the dynamics of a Russian fiction texts syntagmas on the basis of the novels of the XIX century and a modern Russian fiction text allows concluding that a classic Russian fiction prosaic text is constructed as a line; a modern Russian fiction text uses thematic repetition as the main type of the text-forming connection.
Key words: fiction text; category of sequence; syntagmatic relations; dynamics of a Russian fiction text's syntagmas; thematic repetition
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Forms of expressing comic reflection of Russian writers-emigrants
There are revealed two forms of comic reflection expressing by the Russian writers-emigrants of the first wave. There are described the most characteristic methods of irony and language play as the means of expressing critical assessment of the Soviet language and revolutionary reality.
Key words: irony; the Russian abroad; language play; language reflection
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Foreign language vocabulary as a component of dramaturgic dialogue in the Russian comedy of the second half of the XVIII century
There is investigated the foreign language vocabulary as a component of dramaturgic dialogue of the XVIII century: revealed its ability to fulfil the function of constructive and semantic connections of cues, take part in creating different types of dialogues, reveal the specificity of a personages comedy image, traits of the authors idiostyle. There are analyzed the semantic transformations of foreign language words, as well as their stylistic functions in the structure of the dialogical unity.
Key words: foreign language vocabulary; Russian comedy of the XVIII century; dramaturgic dialogue; cueing system; means of communication
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Semantic transformations of the lexeme heart in the works by M.A.Bulgakov
There is found out the structure of the lexeme heart in the works by M.A.Bulgakov and shown that it has a) conceptual layer (blood-vascular organ); b) substantial layer (perceptible organ, rhythmically/unrhythmically contracted); c) figurative layer, shown as trope constructions (heart - substance, heart - breather, heart - moving substance); d) value layer, which reflects aesthetic authors assessment (heart - personality centre and dogs heart - incarnation of everything antihuman).
Key words: semantics; M.A.Bulgakov; lexeme heart
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Anthroponyms in fiction texts of N.A.Durova: ethnolinguistic aspect
There are regarded the anthroponyms of fiction space of cavalry girl N.A.Durova. Personal names are analyzed and classified in accordance with etymological and ethnolinguistic characteristics of anthroponomic units.
Key words: anthroponym; personal name; poetonym; etimological characteristics; ethnolinguistic characteristics
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Pragmatonyms in fiction works: advertising and stylistic functions
There is regarded the ability of pragmatonyms to be the means of indirect advertisement and stylistic device in the texts of the modern mass literature.
Key words: mass literature; product placement; pragmatonyms; advertising function; stylistic function
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ВОПРОСЫ ДИАЛЕКТОЛОГИИ И РЕГИОНАЛЬНОЙ ЛИНГВИСТИКИ
Category of space and its reflection in the Don Cossack dialect
There is analyzed the reflection of the category of space in the Don Cossack dialect. The vocabulary of the Don dialects is shown through the classification based on the binary oppositions: near/far, in front/ behind, right/left, up/down, known/unknown, own/ anothers, house/yard, inner/outer.
Key words: space; Don Cossack dialect; binary oppositions; near; far; in front; behind; right; left; up; down; known; unknown; own; another's; house; yard; inner; outer
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Phrase combinations with the key component light / other world (on the material of Russian folklore texts)
Based on the material of Russian phrase combinations there is analyzed the nomination light / other world, where both pagan and Christian motives are reflected.
Key words: conceptual analysis; paganism; Christianity; this world; other world; lamentations; paradise; hell
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Stable comparisons as the means of characterization of persons mental faculties in Don dialects
There are analyzed the characteristics of persons mental faculties reflected in stable comparisons in Don Cossacks dialects.
Key words: stable comparisons; phraseological units; lingual world picture; mental faculties; Don Cossack dialect
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Structural properties of the lexical and semantic field Fishery in Don Cossack dialects
There is considered the lexical and semantic field Fishery in Don Cossack dialect, which is the totality of lexical units united by the common semantic component (fishery). There are shown the basic signs of the given field, based on its structural components.
Key words: lexical and semantic field; microfield; structure of the field; fishing vocabulary; Don dialects
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Dynamic processes in the vocabulary as the reflection of subject world of peasant habitation (based on the material of dialectal lexical and semantic system)
There are described the dynamic processes, which took place in the XX century in the dialectal vocabularies of Pskov, Novgorod and Volgodonsk, and regarding the objects of inner decoration of peasants habitation. There are analyzed the special lexical time signs of the objects or their names. There are made the conclusions about the changes in the lexical structure of the thematic groups of the names.
Key words: inner decoration of a peasant log house; lexical and syntactic signs of time; dynamic processes in the dialectal lexical and semantic system
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ВОПРОСЫ ГЕРМАНИСТИКИ
Conceptualization of western territories development in the American linguistic culture
There is considered the correlation and two-way influence of the concepts frontier and pioneer, analyzed their roles in the establishment and development of the USA as an independent state and significance in American national values formation.
Key words: linguistic cultural concept; linguistic cultural character type; American frontier; national values; national character
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Conceptualization of western territories development in the American linguistic culture
There is considered the correlation and two-way influence of the concepts frontier and pioneer, analyzed their roles in the establishment and development of the USA as an independent state and significance in American national values formation.
Key words: linguistic cultural concept; linguistic cultural character type; American frontier; national values; national character
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Dialecticisms in the Swiss fiction
There is characterized the role of dialecticisms in the Swiss fiction. Text forming and stylistic functions of dialecticisms are described with the consideration of their peculiarities as the originality markers of the Swiss national variant of the modern German literary language.
Key words: Swiss fiction; lexical; ethnographic; wordformative dialecticisms
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АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ПРОБЛЕМЫ ЛИТЕРАТУРОВЕДЕНИЯ
Poet as a character text of the Russian literature of the XIX century (some aspects)
A poet composes a universal character text in the Russian literature with stable thematic and motive complexes. Their main aspects are: social/cultural poets role, situation of poetic inspiration, sphere of poetic senses (self-reflection of the theme poet and poetry in culture). In different periods of the Russian literature there are accentuated different origins of a poet, emphasized various thematic fields of this literary phenomenon.
Key words: poet; poet's inspiration; poetic; epoch; text
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Interpretation of Samsons image in Book of Israeli Judges in the Russian literature of the XIX - beginning of the XX century
There are analyzed the interpretations of Samsons image in the poems by Yazykov, Mei and the play by Andreev. There are sorted out several types of including Bible text in the authors text: recreation of the text, its reconsideration and neomythologizing.
Key words: neomythologizing; reconsideration; recreation of the text
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Hagiographic tradition in the short story by N.V.Gogol The Overcoat: dialogue of interpretations
There are compared different modern scientific approaches to the interpretation of the roles of hagiographic traditions in N.V.Gogols short story The Overcoat.
Key words: hagiography; tradition; ascetic feats; holy fools; blessed
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Symbolic dimensionality of a garden in the story by L.Tolstoi The Cossacks
A garden in the story by L.Tolstoi The Cossacks, as well as in other works by this writer, implies the idea of general life. The scene of grape gathering is considered as the prologue to bread labour scenes in Anna Karenina; there are noted the evangelical motives that connect these scenes. In the representation of grape garden as the love space, there are investigated the motives of Canticles of Solomon and the connection of garden with the woman, revealing its sacral semantics.
Key words: L.Tolstoi; "The Cossacks"; garden; Bible motives; the parable about viticulturists; "Canticles" of Solomon
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The novel by E.Sue Mathilde in the assessment of S.P.Shevyrev and V.G.Belinsky
There are analyzed the critical assessments of the novel by E.Sue, given by S.Shevyrev and V.Belinsky - social antagonists, who used in the 1840s the common methodology in the approach to fiction works; there are considered the philosophical and aesthetic positions of critics, which determine their conclusions.
Key words: S.P.Shevyrev; V.G.Belinsky; method of criticism; aesthetics; philosophy; critical assessment
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Specificity of mythologem hierarchy in the biography myth of N.S.Gumilev
There are sorted out the key mythologems, which are included into Gumilevs biography myth. There is traced the flexibility of the hierarchical structure of multi-component Gumilevs mythological image. There is stated the conditionality of dominating of some mythologem by an event-trigger context. Legend formation about the shooting of N.S.Gumilev is regarded as extrapolation of the biography myth in the vein given by myth canon pressure.
Key words: Gumilev; myth; mythologization; mythologem; biographical; interpretation
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Parameters of personality conception of Andrei Beliy in the comprehension of V.F.Khodasevich
There are given the main propositions of the personality conception of Andrei Beliy in the constructs of V.F.Khodasevich. As the basis of his conceptual position in A.Beliys personal assessments, there is put the original methodical principle, marked as empathic, i.e. supposing the maximum approaching of the existential experience of the biographers position and the investigated writer.
Key words: A.Beliy; V.Khodasevich; symbolism; the Silver Age
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Role of the meal motive in investigating the opposition your own/somebody elses in the lyrics by V.V.Mayakovsky of the 1920s
There is given the part of the investigation directed at revealing the peculiarities of mythic and poetic world picture of V.V.Mayakovsky. Considering the development of the meal motive highlights the originality of the vertical and horizontal mythological models in the poets lyrics.
Key words: mythological world model; "your" world; "somebody else's" world; motive of meal; motive complex gluttony (cannibalism)/hunger; motive of punishment for food intemperance; motive of uneatable food
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Issues of I.Sazanovs creative biography investigation
There is given the reconstruction of the course of life and creative work of the Don writer of the first third of the XX century - I.D.Sazanov (1876 - 1933). There are analyzed the main archival and journal sources, according to which the writers biography is recollected. There is determined the range of subjects and issues of the writers creative work; planned further directions of its research.
Key words: biography; creative work; source; republication; Don literature
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Prose of a poet in the context of media culture: blog as the artistic phenomenon
There is investigated the formation of the modern poets prose of the blogosphere, analyzed the genre possibilities of diary prose of the new type.
Key words: blog; "poet's prose"; network literature; media
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ВОПРОСЫ ИЗУЧЕНИЯ СОВРЕМЕННОЙ ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ
Fiction world of the short story by Mikhail Shishkin Calligraphy Lesson
There is considered the system of personages as the basic component of the fiction world of one of the stories by Mikhail Shishkin, whose prose synthesizes the traditions of realism and the elements of postmodernist poetics.
Key words: realism; post-modernism; Russian classical literature; system of personages; fiction world of a story
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Type of underground man of Dostoevsky in the early lyrics by Iosiph Brodsky
There is investigated Dostoevskys tradition in the early works by I. Brodsky. In the poets early works, special attention is paid to the type of the underground man of Dostoevsky. Brodsky appeals to the ideas of the characters of the author of Demons, reconsidering them.
Key words: tradition; type of "the underground man"; text; idea; Dostoevsky; Brodsky
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Spatial model East - West in the poetry of Elena Shvarts
There is given the detailed review of the issue of the cultural opposition East - West from the point of view of its spatial and figurative geography in the poetry of Elena Shvarts. On the basis of the analysis of cultural and religious motives in fiction texts, there are made the conclusions about the peculiarities of the authors fiction world, built on the basis of the idea of ecumenism and ending of the traditional opposition of two types of human civilizations.
Key words: post-modernism; East; West; poetry; Elena Shvarts; culture; space
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«На степных просторах Смерть кочует» (chronotop of steppe and field in the poetry of A.Nesmelov)
There is taken the attempt to consider the functioning of traditional for the Russian culture images of the artistic space field and steppe in the lyrics of a representative of the Far Eastern emigration A.Nesmelov.
Key words: Nesmelov; chronotop; archetype; steppe
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Considering the issues of literature archetypes in the novel by M.Shishkin Veneras Hair
The issue of literature archetype appears to be especially urgent in analyzing the novel by M.Shishkin Veneras Hair. Archetypical motives and images create some basis for plot and compositional, idea and thematic levels of the novel. The archetype of the beloved Daphnis and Chloe, originating from the antique tradition, is a part of the archetype system that reveals the artistic originality of the love theme in the novel.
Key words: archetype; plot; motive; love theme; space and time bounds
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Theme of personal moral search in the orthodox fiction prose of the XXI century (by the example of the stories by a priest Yaroslav Shipov Pelican and Debtor)
There is researched the thematic originality of a new and little-studied phenomenon - orthodox fiction. There is revealed the main thematic dominating idea of the majority of orthodox authors works - moral search of a personality, ones spiritual evolution. Theoretical propositions are illustrated by the example of the stories by a priest Yaroslav Shipov Pelican and Debtor.
Key words: subject area; evolution; search; belief; orthodoxy; morality
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НАУЧНАЯ ЖИЗНЬ. РЕЦЕНЗИИ
Новые издания о смоленской ономастике
Key words:
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Рецензия на книгу В.И. Шаховского «Отечественная лингвистика в лицах. Азбука человечности» (М.: Кн. дом «ЛИБРОКОМ », 2011. 96 с.)
Key words:
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Рецензия на коллективную монографию «Рекламный дискурс и рекламный текст» (М.: ФЛИНТА : Наука, 2011. 296 с.)
Key words:
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